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Protecting Our Nation's Health in an Era of Globalization: CDC's Global Infectious Disease Strategy
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Since 1994, CDC has been engaged in a nationwide effort to revitalize national capacity to protect the public from infectious disease. Progress continues to be made in the areas of disease surveillance and outbreak response; applied research; prevention and control; and infrastructure-building and training. These efforts are intended to provide protection against endemic diseases like tuberculosis and hepatitis C, as well as against whatever new or drug-resistant diseases arise.

Although safeguarding U.S. health is a domestic goal, its achievement requires international action and cooperation. This is because U.S. health and global health are inextricably linked. As the AIDS epidemic has illustrated, a disease that emerges or reemerges anywhere in the world can spread far and wide. With increased rates of air travel and international trade, infectious microbes have many opportunities to spread across borders, whether carried by businessmen and tourists, by mosquitos that “hitchhike” on airplanes, or by exotic animals imported as pets or livestock. Microbes have additional opportunities for spread on international shipments of fruits, meats, fish, or vegetables.

The international dimension of the effort to combat infectious diseases is reflected in CDC’s growing international role. Whenever a new, highly dangerous, drug-resistant, or reemerging disease is detected anywhere on the globe, U.S. citizens, as well as foreign governments, have come to rely on CDC to provide assistance and public health information. Established diseases such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria, as well as vaccine-preventable diseases such as polio, demand increasing attention and resources as well. This increased international engagement has stimulated CDC to rethink its infectious disease priorities, keeping in mind that it is far more effective to help other countries control or prevent dangerous diseases at their source than try to prevent their importation.

This document, Protecting the Nation’s Health in an Era of Globalization: CDC’s Global Infectious Disease Strategy, represents an important advance in defining CDC’s evolving global mission and in considering how CDC and its international partners can work together to improve global capacity for disease surveillance and outbreak response. We look forward to working with our many partners throughout the nation and the world as we put this strategy into practice.

Jeffrey P. Koplan, M.D., M.P.H.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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Booklet Contents
item Contributors
item Table of Contents
item Preface
item Executive Summary
item Introduction
item International Cooperation To Combat Infectious Diseases
item U.S. Investment in Global Public Health
item Protecting the health of U.S. citizens at home and abroad
item Furthering U.S. humanitarian efforts
item Providing economic and diplomatic benefits
item Enhancing security
item CDC's Role in Promoting Global Public Health
item An evolving mission
item Vision for the Future
item Partnerships and Implementation
item Priorities and Objectives
1. International Outbreak Assistance
item Objectives
2. A Global Approach to Disease Surveillance
item Objectives
3. Applied Research on Diseases of Global Importance
item Objectives
4. Application of Proven Public Health Tools
item Objectives
5. Global Initiatives for Disease Control
item Objectives
6. Public Health Training and Capacity Building
item Objectives
item List of Boxes
item Acronyms
item Appendix A
item Appendix B
item Appendix C
item Appendix D
item Appendix E
item Acknowledgments
item References

Downloadable Adobe Acrobat Reader version of the Strategic Plan (495 KB)

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Date published: 2002

National Center for Infectious Diseases
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