Natural Gas

Energy in Brief articles

What is shale gas and why is it important?

Shale gas refers to natural gas that is trapped within shale formations. Shales are fine-grained sedimentary rocks that can be rich sources of petroleum and natural gas. The production of natural gas from shale formations has rejuvenated the natural gas industry in the United States.

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Natural Gas Explained

Factors affecting natural gas prices

Natural gas prices are a function of market supply and demand. Due to limited alternatives for natural gas consumption or production in the short run, changes in supply or demand over a short period often result in large price movements to bring supply and demand back into balance.

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About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines

Transporting natural gas

Learn how natural gas is transported by the pipeline network.


Short-Term Energy Outlook

Released September 9, 2014 | Next Release: October 7, 2014

EIA's monthly energy projections through 2015. Includes oil supply and consumption projections and price projections for crude oil, gasoline, diesel, and heating oil. The Market Prices and Uncertainty Report is a regular monthly supplement to the Short-Term Energy Outlook.

drilling rigDrilling Productivity Report

Released September 8, 2014 | Next Release: October 14, 2014

The Drilling Productivity Report uses recent data on the total number of drilling rigs in operation along with estimates of drilling productivity and estimated changes in production from existing oil and natural gas wells to provide estimated changes in oil and natural gas production for six key fields.

natural gas pipelineNatural Gas Monthly

Released August 29, 2014

Natural and supplemental gas production, supply, consumption, disposition, storage, imports, exports, and prices in the United States.

map of fossil fuel production on federal and Indian lands, FY 2013Sales of Fossil Fuels Produced from Federal and Indian Lands, FY 2003 through FY 2013

Released June 19, 2014

Estimations of total sales of fossil fuels from production on federal and Indian lands based on data provided by the Department of the Interior's (DOI) Office of Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR) and include sales of production from federal onshore and offshore lands, and from Indian lands.

Annual Energy Outlook 2014 cover Annual Energy Outlook 2014

Released May 7, 2014 | Next Early Release: December 2014

Projections in the Annual Energy Outlook 2014 (AEO2014) Reference case focus on the factors that shape U.S. energy markets through 2040.

Artistic Icon of a Natural Gas FlameNatural Gas Issues and Trends

Released February 7, 2014

EIA's Natural Gas Issues and Trends highlights timely information and analyses on natural gas markets.

natural gas pipelineNatural Gas Annual

Released December 12, 2013

The 2012 Natural Gas Annual shows record natural gas production and consumption levels in the United States.

image of natural gas storageWeekly Natural Gas Storage Report

Released at 10:30 a.m. EST, Thursday (except holidays)

Statistics for Working Gas in Underground Storage for current week and week ago comparison.

bar chartCost of Natural Gas Used in Manufacturing Sector Has Fallen

Release Date: September 6, 2013

Natural gas has been an important exception to the trend of rising prices for energy sources used by manufacturers. Production of natural gas in the United States increased rapidly beginning in 2007 as a result of resources found in shale formations. That increase in supply has in turn lowered the price of natural gas to manufacturers as well as other consumers.