Notices of Restored Copyrights
In 1996, copyright was automatically restored in certain foreign works that were then in the public domain in the United States but were protected by copyright or neighboring rights in the source country. Owners of a restored work were directed to notify reliance parties if the owner of the rights planned to enforce the rights. One means of notification was filing with the Copyright Office a Notice of Intent to Enforce (NIE) a Restored Copyright.
- Search the notices through the online Copyright Catalog of Documents.
- For titles of restored works filed in the Copyright Office and published in the Federal Register, search published lists here:
Date Version Aug. 14, 1998 PDF, Text Apr. 17, 1998 PDF, Text Jan. 30, 1998 PDF, Text Dec. 19, 1997 Text Aug. 22, 1997 Text Apr. 25, 1997 Text Dec. 27, 1996 Text Aug. 30, 1996 Text May 1, 1996 Text
The Uruguay Round Agreements Act (URAA) of 1994 implements the Uruguay Round General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which includes an agreement on the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property (TRIPS). Several provisions of the URAA amend the U.S. copyright law at 17 U.S.C. 104A, 109(b); the URAA also adds a new Chapter 11 to title 17 and a new section 2319(a) to title 18. The effective date for restoration of copyright for works from countries that are currently eligible is January 1, 1996.
For further details, see the following:
- Circular 38b Highlights of Copyright Amendments Contained in the URAA
- Restoration of Certain Berne and WTO Works (37 CFR parts 201 and 202)
- Format for filing a Notice of Intent to Enforce a Copyright Restored under the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (URAA)