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U.S. Office of Personnel Management - Ensuring the Federal Government has an effective civilian workforce

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Employment of Non-Citizens

The Federal Government gives strong priority to hiring United States citizens and nationals, but non-citizens may be hired in certain circumstances.  Agencies considering non-citizens for Federal employment in the competitive service must follow usual selection procedures and also meet the requirements of all three of the following: immigration law; an appropriations act ban on paying certain non-citizens; and an executive order restriction on appointing non-citizens in the competitive service.  In addition, agencies are responsible for applying any citizenship requirements that may appear in their individual agency's authorization and appropriation laws.