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Agency for Healthcare Research Quality

Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence: 2008 Update

Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence: 2008 Update, sponsored by the Public Health Service, includes new, effective clinical treatments for tobacco dependence that have become available since the 2000 Guideline was published. This update will make an important contribution to the quality of care in the United States and to the health of the American people.

Accurate, up-to-date information and professional assistance are provided in two resources from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to help support people who are trying to quit smoking:

  • You Can Quit Smoking Now. Go to:
  • 1-800-QUIT NOW—the national access number to State-based quitline services.


For Clinicians
For Tobacco Users
Ordering Information for 2008 Guideline Materials
Evidence Report
More Resources
Want More Information?

For Clinicians

All health care providers, especially those with direct patient contact, have a unique opportunity to help tobacco users quit. Smokers cite a doctor's advice to quit as an important motivator for attempting to stop smoking. Materials to help you help them follow:

Clinical Practice Guideline. Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence: 2008 Update (PDF file, 2 MB; PDF Help)
      General References for Guideline (PDF File, 200 KB)
      References for Studies in Meta-analyses
Quick Reference GuideNew!
Helping Smokers Quit: A Guide for Clinicians
 Tear Sheets: Primary Care Providers (PDF File, 60 KB, PDF Help; Text Version)
      En español (PDF File, 60 KB, PDF Help; Text Version)
 Tear Sheets: Prenatal Care Providers (PDF File, 538 KB, PDF Help; Text Version)
      En español (PDF File, 514 KB, PDF Help; Text Version)

For Tobacco Users

Consumer materials to help tobacco users become tobacco-free.

Help for Smokers and Other Tobacco Users, Easy-to-Read Consumer Booklet
      En español: Ayuda para fumadores u otros consumidores de tabaco
You Can Quit Smoking, Pocket Card
Quitting Helps You Heal Faster, Hospital Card
      En español: Dejar de fumar le ayuda a sanar más rápido
 Smoking Cessation Public Service Announcements
   Former National Football League pro Darrell Green talks with kids about tobacco use

Ordering Information for 2008 Guideline Materials

Quit Smoking Products Ordering Information
      En español: Usted puede dejar de fumar

Evidence Report

The RTI International-University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Evidence-based Practice Center systematically reviews the medical literature on the effectiveness of interventions to prevent tobacco use, the impact of smokeless tobacco marketing on smoking, and directions for future research.

Tobacco Use: Prevention, Cessation, and Control

More Resources

 Search the healthfinder® Web site for more Smoking Cessation resources.
 Visit the National Women's Health Information Center Web site for a special section: A Breath of Fresh Air! Independence from Smoking.
 Go to the National Library of Medicine for consumer information on Smoking Cessation.
Twenty years ago, the first Surgeon General's report on secondhand smoke created greater awareness across the country about the exposure of nonsmokers to tobacco smoke. This report provides a fresh perspective on the best available science in this area to better inform policymakers, health professionals, and the public at large. The Health Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke: A Report of the Surgeon General, 2006

Want More Information?

In the United States, call the AHRQ Clearinghouse toll-free 800-358-9295, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Hearing impaired persons may call 888-586-6340 for the TDD service. Callers from outside of the United States only should use the telephone number (703) 437-2078.

Send requests by E-mail to

You can also access and download materials from the Surgeon General's Web site at:

Current as of May 2009


AHRQ Advancing Excellence in Health Care