The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

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Religious Discrimination

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of l964 prohibits employers from discriminating against individuals because of their religion in hiring, firing, and other terms and conditions of employment. Title VII covers employers with 15 or more employees, including state and local governments. It also applies to employment agencies and to labor organizations, as well as to the federal government.

Under Title VII:

It is also unlawful to retaliate against an individual for opposing employment practices that discriminate based on religion or for filing a discrimination charge, testifying, or participating in any way in an investigation, proceeding, or litigation under Title VII.


In Fiscal Year 2008, EEOC received 3,273 charges of religious discrimination. EEOC resolved 2,727 religious discrimination charges and recovered $7.5 million in monetary benefits for charging parties and other aggrieved individuals (not including monetary benefits obtained through litigation).

This page was last modified on March 11, 2009.

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