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Cocaine Route of Administration Trends, 1995-2005


The DASIS Report:  Cocaine Route of Administration Trends, 1995-2005

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  • Inhaling cocaine was the predominant route of cocaine administration for much of the 20th century. In the early 1980s, a potent smokeable form of cocaine known as "crack" was developed.

  • Trends in admissions to substance abuse treatment for cocaine and cocaine route of administration were examined with annual data from SAMHSA's Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS).
  • In 1995, 63% of primary smoked cocaine (crack) were younger than age 35. By 2005, only 32% of primary crack admissions were in this age group.
  • The proportion of both inhaled and smoked cocaine (crack) admissions who were employed full time decreased between 1995 and 2005.

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This Short Report,  The DASIS Report:  Cocaine Route of Administration Trends, 1995-2005, is based on the Drug and Alcohol Services Information System (DASIS), the primary source of national data on substance abuse treatment.  DASIS is conducted by SAMHSA's Office of Applied Studies (OAS) in the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).  

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This page has been accessed 45513 times since 10/18/07.

This page was last updated on October 18, 2007.

SAMHSA, an agency in the Department of Health and Human Services, is the Federal Government's lead agency for improving the quality and availability of substance abuse prevention, addiction treatment, and mental health services in the United States.

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