March Is National Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month
In the United States, colorectal (colon) cancer is the fourth most common cancer in men, after skin, prostate, and lung cancer. It is also the fourth most common cancer in women, after skin, breast, and lung cancer. Caught early, it is often curable. It is more common in people over 50, and the risk increases with age. You are also more likely to get it if you have
- Polyps—growths inside the colon and rectum that may become cancerous
- A diet that is high in fat
- A family history or personal history of colorectal cancer
- Ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease
Some people at risk for cancer may try complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies, including dietary supplements. An individual considering using CAM therapy, should talk to their health care providers to ensure safe and coordinated care.
What Is Colon Cancer?
Colon cancer is cancer that forms in the tissues of the colon (the longest part of the large intestine). Most colon cancers are adenocarcinomas (cancers that begin in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids).
Selected Publications by NCCAM Grantees
NCCAM has funded many basic and clinical studies related to colorectal cancer. These articles are examples of the breadth of research the Center supports. To find more articles by NCCAM grantees, search PubMed.
- Dietary Calcium, Vitamin D, and the Risk of Colorectal Cancer
- Dietary Intake of Omega-6 and Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Risk of Colorectal Cancer in a Prospective Cohort of U.S. Men and Women
- Fruit and Vegetable Intakes Are Associated with Lower Risk of Colorectal Adenomas
- Potential Role of Ginseng in the Treatment of Colorectal Cancer
- Powdered Shark Cartilage for Advanced Breast and Colorectal Cancer: Research Results
- Prospective Cohort Study of Soy Food Intake and Colorectal Cancer Risk in Women