happen. There is not much we can do about that. But there are things we
can do to protect our homes and reduce the risk that they will be damaged.
Reducing the risk is called "mitigation." Although some mitigation
is very expensive and complicated -- like moving your home to a different
piece of land that is higher or away from a river -- some things are easy.
Here are some things you and your family can do to mitigate:
» Click Here For Mitigation Photos
- Dont put valuable items and appliances in the basement where
they are more likely to be flooded.
- Power and water dont mix! Have the main breaker or fuse box
and the utility meters raised above the flood level for your area. That
way, if your home floods, water wont damage your utilities.
- Buy flood insurance. To learn more about flood insurance, have your
parent call 1-800-427-4661.
Hurricanes and Tornadoes
- Dont lose your roof to high winds! Have hurricane straps installed
to keep the roof attached to the walls.
- Use storm shutters to protect windows and glass. Use them when severe
weather is coming. The storm shutters protect against flying debris
like tree trunks or other things carried by strong winds.
- Bolt or strap cupboards and bookcases to the walls and keep heavy
objects on the lower shelves so they dont fall on people.
- Strap your water heater to a nearby wall. This will keep your gas
water heater from falling on someone or starting a fire from a broken
- Have your home bolted to the foundation. Anchor bolts cost as little
as $2 each. They should be installed every six feet on the outer edges
of your house.
- Create a safety zone around the house that separates your home from
plants and bushes that can burn easily. Clear dead brush and grass from
your property. It will act as fuel for a fire.
- Keep branches around your home free of dead or dying wood or moss.
- Put tile or flame-retardant shingles on your roof instead of wood
shakes or standard shingles. This will cut the chance that burning debris
in the air will catch your roof on fire.