SO. The Signing Official (SO) for the institution is an official with authority to perform legally binding grant administration actions. This includes serving as an authority responsible for submission of grant applications to the NIH. The individual fulfilling this role may have any number of titles in the institution. The SO can create and modify accounts, and is able to modify institution profile information.
AA. The Account Administrator (AA) is designated by an SO to facilitate the administration of the NIH eRA Commons accounts for their institution. The AA can create accounts, delete accounts, and modify accounts as necessary.
AO. The Administrative Official (AO) reviews grant applications before the final application is submitted to the NIH by the SO. Depending on the institution workflow process, it is possible for the SO and AO to be the same person (in this case the institution only needs a SO account). An AO also cancreate additional AO and PI accounts.
Extramural Administrator. This refers to an individual with a role of SO, AA, and/or AO.
PI. The Principal Investigator (PI) is an individual designated by the institution to direct the project or activity being supported by the grant. The PI is responsible and accountable for the proper conduct of the project or activity. The role of the PI within the NIH eRA Commons is to complete the electronic grant process.
Asst. The Assistant role (ASST) indicates a basic NIH eRA Commons user who can be assigned as a PI delegate for eSNAP/X-Train. Users with this role initially have no access other than updating their own personal profile but can be delegated PI authority to selected accounts in order to aid in administrative tasks.
FSR. The Financial Status Report (FSR) role indicates an FSR user.
IAR. The Internet-Assisted Review (IAR) role indicates an IAR user.