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Experience Sculpts Brain Circuitry to Build Resiliency to Stress
December 21, 2006 • Press Release
It’s long been known that experiencing control over a stressor immunizes a rat from developing a depression-like syndrome when it later encounters stressors that it can’t control.
New Data on Suicidal Behaviors in Black Americans May Guide Interventions
December 13, 2006 • Science Update
The prevalence of attempted suicide among black Americans is higher than previously reported, but near the levels reported for the general population.
Receptor Helps Neurons Grow in Right Direction
December 12, 2006 • Science Update
Researchers have discovered a receptor for a key protein that helps guide certain nerve cells into the correct position as the nervous system develops — a vital part of a process that enables the brain to receive sensory input from the environment and to send messages to the rest of the body via the spinal cord.
Broad HIV Screening Valuable Even in Communities with Low Infection Rates
December 5, 2006 • Science Update
An HIV/AIDS screening program may be cost-effective even in communities where the infection rate and the prevalence of the disease are very low and among populations at low risk for HIV infection, according to an NIMH-funded study published December 5, 2006, in the Annals of Internal Medicine.
Benefits to Employers Outweigh Enhanced Depression-Care Costs
December 4, 2006 • Press Release
It may be in society’s and employers’ best interests to offer programs that actively seek out and treat depression in the workforce, suggests an analysis funded by NIMH.
Brain’s Fear Center Likely Shrinks in Autism’s Most Severely Socially Impaired
December 4, 2006 • Press Release
The brain’s fear hub likely becomes abnormally small in the most severely socially impaired males with autism spectrum disorders, researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health’s (NIH) National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and National Institute on Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) have discovered.
Older Medication May Be More Cost-Effective for Some Patients with Schizophrenia
December 1, 2006 • Press Release
A new study analyzing the economic implications of the Clinical Antipsychotic Trials of Intervention Effectiveness (CATIE) concludes that the older (first generation) antipsychotic medication perphenazine was less expensive and no less effective than the newer (second generation) medications used in the trial during initial treatment, suggesting that older antipsychotics still have a role in treating schizophrenia.
Targeting the Most Aggressive Children May Be Cost-Effective Prevention of Later Conduct Disorders
November 14, 2006 • Science Update
Targeted preventive interventions may help reduce conduct problems in children displaying the most aggressive or disruptive behaviors.
New NIMH Research Strives to Understand How Antidepressants May Be Associated with Suicidal Thoughts and Actions
November 13, 2006 • Science Update
The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), part of the National Institutes of Health, is funding five new research projects that will shed light on antidepressant medications, notably selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), and their association with suicidal thoughts and actions.
Mouse Model May Reveal Anxiety Gene, Marker for Antidepressant Failure
November 9, 2006 • Science Update
Studies of a new mouse model suggest that a specific gene variation plays a role in the development of anxiety disorders and in resistance to common medications for anxiety and depression.
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