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Science News about Children

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Adolescents with Depression Not Harmed in Studies Using Placebo
January 15, 2009 • Science Update
Teens with depression who initially are randomly assigned to placebo treatment (inactive pill) during a trial are no more likely to experience harm or have a diminished response to subsequent active treatments than teens who are initially randomized to active treatment.
Depression Relapse Less Likely Among Teens Who Receive CBT After Medication Therapy
December 5, 2008 • Science Update
Adolescents with major depression who received cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) after responding to an antidepressant were less likely to experience a relapse or recurrence of symptoms compared to teens who did not receive CBT.
Anxious and Depressed Teens and Adults: Same Version of Mood Gene, Different Brain Reactions
December 2, 2008 • Science Update
An NIMH study using brain imaging shows that some anxious and depressed adolescents react differently from adult patients when looking at frightening faces.
Long-term Academic Effects of Child’s ADHD May Extend to Siblings
December 2, 2008 • Science Update
The long-term academic problems that children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often experience may affect their siblings as well, according to an analysis partially funded by NIMH and published in the Journal of Health Economics.
Study Identifies Three Effective Treatments for Childhood Anxiety Disorders
October 30, 2008 • Press Release
Treatment that combines a certain type of psychotherapy with an antidepressant medication is most likely to help children with anxiety disorders, but each of the treatments alone is also effective.
Brain’s Wiring Stunted, Lopsided in Childhood Onset Schizophrenia
October 30, 2008 • Science Update
Growth of the brain’s long distance connections, called white matter, is stunted and lopsided in children who develop psychosis before puberty, NIMH researchers have discovered.
Task Force Finds Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Effective for Children and Adolescents Exposed to Trauma
October 29, 2008 • Science Update
Individual and group cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) were the only interventions found effective in an evaluation of seven commonly-used approaches to reduce the psychological harm to youth who experience trauma.
Lack of Eye Contact May Predict Level of Social Disability in Two-Year Olds with Autism
October 23, 2008 • Science Update
By age 2, children with autism show unusual patterns of eye contact compared with typically developing children. This symptom appears to be related to a child's level of impairment and may be a useful biomarker for diagnosing autism at an earlier age.
New Study to Evaluate Ways to Control Metabolic Side Effects of Antipsychotics
October 1, 2008 • Science Update
A new NIMH-funded grant will examine ways to control the metabolic side effects associated with the use of the newer atypical antipsychotic medications in children with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder.
Newer Antipsychotics No Better Than Older Drug in Treating Child and Adolescent Schizophrenia
September 15, 2008 • Press Release
Two newer atypical antipsychotic medications were no more effective than an older conventional antipsychotic in treating child and adolescent schizophrenia and may lead to more metabolic side effects.
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