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Science News from 2005

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News from 2005

Trust-Building Hormone Short-Circuits Fear In Humans
December 7, 2005 · Press Release · A brain chemical recently found to boost trust appears to work by reducing activity and weakening connections in fear-processing circuitry.
Gene Knockout Scores a Fearless Mouse
November 22, 2005 · Press Release · Knocking out a gene in the brain's fear hub creates mice unperturbed by situations that would normally trigger instinctive or learned fear responses.
Web Forum Launched for Schizophrenia Researchers
October 28, 2005 · Press Release · Researchers trying to crack one of medicine's most perplexing unsolved mysteries can now keep abreast of late-breaking developments via the Schizophrenia Research Forum, a website launched this month with funding from the National Institutes of Health's (NIH) National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). Sponsored by NARSAD,
Teens with Deletion Syndrome Confirm Gene’s Role in Psychosis
October 23, 2005 · Press Release · A study in youth who are missing part of a chromosome is further implicating a suspect gene in schizophrenia.
NIH Joined by Advocacy Groups to Fund Research on Autism Susceptibility Genes
October 18, 2005 · Press Release · Five institutes at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and three private autism organizations have formed a consortium to pursue their common goal of understanding a devastating disorder.
NIMH Expands Public Health Education Effort To Reach Latino Men With Depression
October 7, 2005 · Press Release · Research shows the majority of Latinos fail to recognize the symptoms of depression
NIMH Study To Guide Treatment Choices for Schizophrenia (Phase 1 Results)
September 19, 2005 · Press Release · A large study funded by NIH's National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) provides, for the first time, detailed information comparing the effectiveness and side effects of five medications
PTSD, Depression Epidemic Among Cambodian Immigrants
August 2, 2005 · Press Release · More than two decades after they fled the Khmer Rouge reign of terror, most Cambodian refugees who resettled in the United States remain traumatized.
Cognitive Therapy Reduces Repeat Suicide Attempts by 50 Percent
August 2, 2005 · Press Release · Recent suicide attempters treated with cognitive therapy were 50 percent less likely to try to kill themselves again within 18 months than those who did not receive the therapy, report researchers supported by the National Institutes of Health's (NIH) National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Scientists Uncover New Clues About Brain Function in Human Behavior
July 10, 2005 · Press Release · Researchers at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), part of the National Institutes of Health, have discovered a genetically controlled brain mechanism responsible for social behavior in humans — one of the most important but least understood aspects of human nature.
NIH “Roadmap” Grants Will Establish Nine Screening Centers in Seven States
June 15, 2005 · Press Release · The National Institutes of Health (NIH) today announced it is awarding $88.9 million in grants to nine institutions over three years to establish a collaborative research network that will use high-tech screening methods to identify small molecules that can be used as research tools.
Rodent Social Behavior Encoded in Junk DNA
June 9, 2005 · Press Release · A discovery that may someday help to explain human social behavior and disorders such as autism has been made in a species of pudgy rodents by researchers funded, in part, by the National Institutes of Health's (NIH) National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and National Center for Research Resources (NCRR).
Mental Illness Exacts Heavy Toll, Beginning in Youth
June 6, 2005 · Press Release · all lifetime cases of mental illness begin by age 14, and that despite effective treatments, there are long delays — sometimes decades — between first onset of symptoms and when people seek and receive treatment.
Colleagues, Friends Gather to Commemorate Nobel Laureate Axelrod
May 18, 2005 · Press Release · Luminaries from the fields of neuroscience and mental health will gather at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) on Monday, May 23, to celebrate the life and achievements of one of their most honored colleagues, the late Nobel Laureate Julius Axelrod, Ph.D. Dr. Axelrod, known to his friends as "Julie", spent most of his 50 years as an NIH scientist at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), which will host the symposium, Celebrating Julie.
NIMH Research Showcased at APA Meeting
May 18, 2005 · Press Release · At the American Psychiatric Association’s (APA) annual meeting in Atlanta next week, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) will showcase advances in translating new scientific knowledge into improved treatments for mental disorders.
Depression Gene May Weaken Mood-Regulating Circuit
May 9, 2005 · Press Release · A brain scan study suggests that a suspect gene may increase susceptibility to anxiety and depression by weakening a circuit for processing negative emotion.
Actor-Patients´ Requests for Medications Boost Prescribing for Depression
April 27, 2005 · Press Release · Critics of direct-to-consumer marketing fear the advertisements lead to over-prescribing. Proponents believe they can serve a useful educational function.
Brain Scans Reveal How Gene May Boost Schizophrenia Risk
April 21, 2005 · Press Release · Clues about how a suspect version of a gene may slightly increase risk for schizophrenia are emerging from a brain imaging study by the National Institutes of Health's (NIH) National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).
Brain Awareness Week Teaches Kids How Their Brains Work
March 7, 2005 · Science Update · The fifth annual Brain Awareness Week (BAW), a science and health education fair to teach 5th–8th grade students about the brain, will take place March 14–18, 2005 at the National Museum of Health and Medicine at Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington, D.C.
Dr. Solomon Snyder to be Awarded National Medal of Science
February 24, 2005 · Press Release · Dr. Solomon Snyder, longtime NIMH grantee and director of the Department of Neuroscience at Johns Hopkins University, will be awarded the National Medal of Science by President Bush at a White House ceremony March 14th. nation’s highest science honor.
Rat Brain’s Executive Hub Quells Alarm Center if Stress is Controllable
February 11, 2005 · Press Release · Treatments for mood and anxiety disorders are thought to work, in part, by helping patients control the stresses in their lives. A new study in rats by National Institutes of Health (NIH) grantees provides insight into the brain mechanisms likely involved.
Birds Brainier Than Previously Thought
February 3, 2005 · Press Release · The brains of birds appear to be more similar to those of mammals than previously thought.
New Neurons Born in Adult Rat Cortex
February 2, 2005 · Press Release · Recent evidence suggesting that antidepressants may act by triggering the birth of new neurons in the adult hippocampus the brain’s memory hub, has heightened interest in such adult neurogenesis and raised the question: Could new neurons also be sprouting up in the parts of the adult brain involved in the thinking and mood disturbances of depression and anxiety?