Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T. - Links to comprehensive cancer control resources for public health professionals

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Steps to Effective Cancer Control Planning

Step 1: Assess program priorities

Use State Cancer ProfilesExternal link to analyze the cancer burden for the nation, your state, or your county. This will help to identify high-risk populations and prioritize cancer control efforts. The State Cancer Profiles Web site brings together data that are collected from public health surveillance systems to provide state and, where possible, county-level statistical data in a variety of formats. You can manipulate the State Cancer Profiles tables, graphs, and maps to get the data you need. Cancer sites for which there is either prevention and/or effective screening and treatment are included.

To help answer the who, what, and where for cancer control, State Cancer Profiles includes the following:

Step 2: Identify potential partners

The Regional and State Partnership Web site provides full contact information for ACS regional staff, state and territorial contacts within CDC's Comprehensive Cancer Control Network, and regional staff for NCI's Cancer Information Service (CIS), allowing you to identify potential partners working with community-based programs and fill gaps, where they exist, in program service delivery.

Also available on the site are research partners (grantees funded by ACS, CDC and NCI) identified by state of residence and topic area in which research has been conducted.

Step 3: Determine effectiveness of different intervention approaches

The CDC publishes a Guide to Community Preventive ServicesExternal link containing the latest synthesis of the science examining various intervention strategies. The Community Guide is periodically updated as new studies become available and analysis is completed. Current chapters address TobaccoExternal link, Physical ActivityExternal link, and CancerExternal link.

The Guide to Community Preventive Services summarizes, based on a systematic review of the literature, intervention approaches that have been shown to be effective or ineffective and those for which there is insufficient evidence to make such a determination. This provides users a tool to determine the most effective approaches for comprehensive cancer control.

The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality publishes the Guide to Clinical Preventive ServicesExternal link which contains the latest available guidance on preventive interventions: screening tests, counseling, and medication regimens for prevention of specific cancers. Recommendations come from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), an independent panel of experts in primary care and prevention, and are based on systematic reviews of the evidence of effectiveness. The focus is on services that clinicians should routinely provide as part of primary health care and that patients should expect their health care professionals to provide. The recommendations, supporting evidence, and tools to help implement preventive services are provided online.

Step 4: Find research-tested intervention programs and products

In this step you can plan feasible strategies to address the objectives you have identified. No cancer budget can possibly support all that needs doing in the area of cancer prevention and control. You will need to follow a systematic priority-setting process to address the various societal, political, and economic considerations that affect your cancer control program.

The Research-tested Intervention ProgramsExternal link "store of knowledge" offers programs developed from scientifically-based studies which have been shown to be effective. The database is organized to make it easy to find and compare various intervention programs that address your main areas of interest, be they a particular cancer site, a demographic, a delivery setting, or another intervention component. For many of these programs, you can download or order all program components and use them locally.

Step 5: Plan and evaluate your program

The Guidance for Comprehensive Cancer Control Planning is the final step on the Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T. Once program priorities have been established, partners have been identified, successful intervention approaches have been determined, and examples of research-tested programs have been implemented, CDC's Guidance document provides the building blocks to comprehensive cancer control planning, implementation, and evaluation.

Information on cancer control planning and evaluation is available at the following sites:

  • CDC has developed Guidance for Comprehensive Cancer Control Planning, which presents guidelines for developing a comprehensive cancer control plan that can be implemented and evaluated.
  • Comprehensive Cancer Control Plans for states, tribes and territories.
  • Put Prevention Into Practice (PPIP)External link is a program sponsored by AHRQ to increase the appropriate use of clinical preventive services, derived from the evidence-based recommendations of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF). PPIP tools enable health care providers to determine which services their patients should receive and make it easier for patients to keep track of their preventive care.

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