Evaluation of Participative Projects in the Construction
Industry : An Analysis of the Effectiveness of the Results in Practice
(The following information has been abstracted from a paper
submitted to the 2nd International Symposium on Ergonomics in Building
and Construction, IEA, August 2000)
Delft University of Technology, Department of Civil Engineering
Section Building Processes
P.O. Box 5048
2600 GA Delft, The Netherlands
Phone: +31 15 2782764
Fax: +31 15 2781560
Eindhoven University of Technology, Department of Architecture
PO Box 513
5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
TNO Work and Employment
PO Box 718
2130 AS Hoofddorp, The Netherlands
industry is a special type of industry in which a large amount of the
work is concentrated at a construction site including much manual labor.
To reduce the amount of manual labor mechanical devices for a number of
professions have been developed which were aimed to be used in several
situations. The devices were developed by participatory ergonomic projects,
in which a limited number of important parties were involved. The purpose
of the participatory projects was to develop devices which were suitable
to be used by the entire target group and not just by the involved parties
in the project.
In this paper these
participative projects will be evaluated. The purpose of this evaluation
is to determine whether or not the results are suitable for the construction
companies by analyzing adoption numbers, reduction of physical load and
users' satisfaction. The evaluation was carried out by sending questionnaires
to construction companies and by doing interviews with participants.
Five projects will
- A project for
the glaziers industry which mainly resulted in a number of product innovations
for horizontal and vertical transport. The project was organized by
involving management and employees of three glazing companies, a trade
company and experts. The innovations however, were destined to be used
by all glazier companies of the trade.
- A project for
the scaffolding industry which resulted both in product and process
innovations to reduce physical load and improve personal safety. This
project was organized by involving management and employees of two scaffolding
companies and experts. These innovations were also designed to be used
by other companies in the trade.
- A project for
the bricklaying industry which resulted in a large number of innovations
to be used for transport, processing materials and storage. This project
was organized for the whole sector by involving a number of trade organizations,
the producers of the materials and representatives of the processors
of the materials.
- A project to
reduce physical load of painters by developing devices which physically
support the painter during standing and devices which reduce bending
and reaching. This project is still going on, and adoption will be estimated.
The innovations were aimed to be used by the whole trade.
- A project which
aims to reduce three types of physical load of employees of one company
which is specialized in installation work and mechanical manufacturing.
At this moment, the evaluation of the adoption of the innovations is
The evaluation of
all projects is still taking place, however preliminary results show that
the adoption differ for several results of one project and for each project.
The adopted devices are said to reduce physical load to a sufficient extent
and users show positive to very positive reactions to the use of the innovations.
This paper appears in the eLCOSH website with the permission of the author
and/or copyright holder and may not be reproduced without their consent.
eLCOSH is an information clearinghouse. eLCOSH and its sponsors are not
responsible for the accuracy of information provided on this web site,
nor for its use or misuse.
| CDC | NIOSH
| Site Map | Search
| Links | Help