BUILT - Union Yes Tobacco No
- Building Trades Unions Ignite Less Tobacco
deserve the truth about tobacco. Thats why the State Building and
Construction Trades Council of California started the BUILT project.
For decades, the tobacco industry has hidden the facts about the addictive
nature of nicotine and the deadly effects of tobacco use. Our goal is
to provide accurate information about tobacco to our members and their
families and help them quit if they choose to.
use causes lung cancer, heart disease, emphysema and impotence.
When smokers quit, their lungs immediately begin to clean themselves
and their health will return as long as no permanent damage has
been done. Quitting may also stop or reverse other harmful effects.
and toxic chemicals on the job are a dangerous combination. Together,
they increase the risk of disease. For example, smoking by itself
increases the chance of lung cancer 11 times. Exposure to asbestos
by itself increases the chance of lung cancer 5 times. But when
you combine smoking and asbestos it increases the chance of lung
cancer 50 times.
- Cigarettes contain
many common poisons, including some of the same chemicals found in rat
poison, toilet bowl cleaner and embalming fluid.
- Workers have
a right to a hazard- free workplace, including protection from secondhand
smoke. Made up of over 4,000 chemicals, secondhand smoke is considered
a cancer- causing chemical by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
- Even though the
tobacco industry covered up the facts for decades, we now know that
nicotine is as addictive as cocaine or heroin.
- Smoking is directly
responsible for 87% of lung cancer cases.
- Tobacco smoke
damages your lungs so they cant protect you from other hazardous
substances youre exposed to on the job.
and costs money
- Tobacco use can
shorten your retirement. Those hard- earned retirement years cant
be enjoyed if you are suffering from tobacco- related illnesses.
- Tobacco affects
all members retirement benefits. More money can go into wages
and pensions if it doesnt have to be used for health care costs
for tobacco- related illness. When Health and Welfare funds have to
pay large claims, this is a direct cost to every member who participates
in the fund.
- Heavy smokers
can begin to get seriously ill in their fifties or even younger; this
means that the union health and welfare funds have to foot the bill
for their health care costs. Non- smokers are generally healthier until
age 70, so their costs are shifted to Medicare.
- Smoking one pack
of cigarettes a day for one year costs more than $1,000.
THE BUILT PROGRAM
BUILT is an educational program that provides a service to union
BUILT can help your
- Local Unions
who can distribute educational materials to their members
- Health and
Welfare Trust Funds , who can provide information about tobacco
and the benefits of quitting smoking to members and their families
- Joint Apprenticeship
Training Committees , who can include information about tobacco
and toxic hazards in their health and safety training
- Labor- Management
Committees , who can develop voluntary worksite tobacco policies.
BUILT can help your union
- By sharing BUILT
resources with your membership, youll provide a valuable service
to members and their families and strengthen the unions commitment
to protecting their lives.
for additional resources:
for union/ committee meetings
information about the health effects of tobacco, secondhand
smoke and the workplace smoking law
Smokeless tobacco is not a safe alternative to smoking. Chewing
tobacco causes cancer of the mouth, larynx and esophagus. 8
Badly discolored teeth, receding gums, bad breath and chronic sores
are common among users. Long- term snuff users are 50 times more
likely to get cancer of the cheek and gum than non- users.
puts many harmful chemicals into your body, including arsenic, cyanide,
lead and benzene.
delivers more than twice the dose of nicotine than does cigarettes.
Its as hard to quit using smokeless tobacco as it is to quit
smoke hurts kids by causing respiratory problems. You dont
want to bring lead dust home and you dont want to bring tobacco
The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has classified secondhand
smoke as a Group A carcinogen a substance known to cause
cancer in humans. There is no safe level of exposure to Group A
carcinogens which also include asbestos and benzene.
Secondhand smoke is the third- leading preventable cause of death
in America, killing 53,000 nonsmokers each year.
Smoke from the tip of a cigarette has 20 times the carcinogens as
the smoke inhaled by a smoker.
law prohibits smoking in indoor workplaces. Indoor means
4 walls and a ceiling. It doesnt matter whether there are
windows, louvers or sliding doors that open.
Smoking is permitted in outdoor workplaces, unless an employer or
a local ordinance bans it.
Employers may provide breakrooms for smokers, as long as they meet
ventilation requirements and as long as they also provide non- smoking
Building trades workers and their children smoke and chew tobacco
at a higher rate than the general U. S. population.
(depending on trade)
2, 5, 6:
U. S. Surgeon General, 1964, 1985. 1988. 1967.
S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, 1989.
Academy of Otolaryngology, 2000.
S. EPA, Office of Research and Development, December 1992.
Stanton and Parmley, William W., Passive Smoking and Heart Disease;
Epidemiology, Physiology and Biochemistry, 1991.
S. OSHA, Secondhand Smoke: Is it a Hazard? January 1995.
Nelson DE, Emont SL, Brackbill RM, Cameron LL, Peddicord J, Fiore
M (1994), Cigarette Smoking Prevalence by Occupation in the
United States: A Comparison Between 1978 to 1980 and 1987 to 1990.
JOM 36( 5): 516- 525.
was made possible by funds from the Tobacco Tax Health Protection
Act of 1988- Proposition 99, through the California Department of
Health Services (contract #99- 85070)
Free and confidential telephone counseling for quitting.
When asked how you heard about the program, please credit BUILT, or give
your unions name and local number.
1- 800- NO- BUTTS
(1- 800- 662- 8887)
1- 800- 45- NO- FUME
(1- 800- 456- 6386)
Mandarin & Cantonese
1- 800- 400- 0866
1- 800- 778- 8440
1- 800- 556- 5564
1- 800- 933- 4TDD
(1- 800- 933- 4833)
1- 800- 844- CHEW
(1- 800- 844- 2439)
This paper appears in the eLCOSH website with the permission of the author
and/or copyright holder and may not be reproduced without their consent.
eLCOSH is an information clearinghouse. eLCOSH and its sponsors are not
responsible for the accuracy of information provided on this web site,
nor for its use or misuse.
| CDC | NIOSH
| Site Map | Search
| Links | Help