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health topics, contact the National Institute for Occupational Safety
Health (NIOSH) at
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Cincinnati, OH 452261998
Telephone: 180035NIOSH (18003564674)
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or visit the NIOSH Web site at www.cdc.gov/niosh
document is in the public domain and may
be freely copied or reprinted.
Disclaimer: Mention of any company or product
does not constitute endorsement by NIOSH.
(NIOSH) Publication No. 2002-123
This document was prepared by Thaddeus W. Fowler, Ed.D., and Karen K.
Miles, Ph.D., Education and Information Division (EID) of the National
Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). Editorial services
provided by John W. Diether. Pauline Elliott provided layout and design.
The authors wish to thank John Palassis and Diana Flaherty (NIOSH),
Nester (formerly of NIOSH), and participating teachers and students
contributions to the development of this document.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) estimates
that 200,000 young workers under the age of 18 suffer work-related injuries
in the United States each year. Young and new workers have a high risk
for work-related injury compared with more experienced workers. Occupational
safety and health training remains a fundamental element of hazard control
in the work-place, and there is great potential to reduce these incidents
through pre-employment training. Effective pre-employment training should
include realistic environments and hands-on exercises. However, NIOSH
recommends that actual employment in the electrical trades or any of
the other construction trades be delayed until individuals reach the
minimum age of 18.
This student manual is part of a safety and health curriculum for secondary
and post-secondary electrical trades courses. The manual is designed
to engage the learner in recognizing, evaluating, and controlling hazards
associated with electrical work. It was developed through extensive
research with vocational instructors, and we are grateful for their
M. Rest, Ph.D., M.P.A.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
This paper appears in the eLCOSH website with the permission of the
author and/or copyright holder and may not be reproduced without their
consent. eLCOSH is an information clearinghouse. eLCOSH and its sponsors
are not responsible for the accuracy of information provided on this
web site, nor for its use or misuse.
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