Dedicate Resources to International Outbreak Assistance
for Priority Area 1
- Facilitate CDC participation in international outbreak investigations
- Developing standard operating procedures for responding to governments
requests for outbreak assistance, in coordination with WHO
- Identifying and purchasing equipment and reagents and increasing
capacity for logistical support
- Establishing standard procedures for distributing and tracking
specimens for efficient testing at more than one CDC laboratory
when the cause of an outbreak is unknown
- Maintaining an inventory of CDC personnel with expertise in diseases
of regional or global importance
- Maintaining a registry of disease specialists outside of CDC
who have expertise in diseases of regional or global importance
- Developing research protocols that might be used during outbreak
investigations for controlled trials of drug treatments or other
public health interventions (see Priority
- Strengthening the capacity of developing countries to identify
outbreaks and to request WHO, CDC, or other outside assistance as
Strengthen Diagnostic Capacity
Strengthen Investigative Capacity at CDC
- Rebuild CDCs capacity to respond to international outbreaks.
- Maintain and expand epidemiologic expertise in a wide range of pathogens,
helping to create a new generation of experts in infectious disease
prevention and control.
- Strengthen international collaboration during investigations, working
with many partners, including
- Improve coordination among the Department of State, CDC, state and
local agencies during investigations of infectious disease threats at
U.S. ports of entry.
- Ensure that the United States is prepared to assist in investigations
of international bioterrorist incidents.
- Continue to work with WHO and other partners to investigate epidemics
that occur among refugees and displaced persons (Box 13).
Strengthen Control Efforts
- Strengthen CDCs capacity to provide prompt and effective epidemic
control by assigning epidemiologists to help monitor disease spread
overseas, laboratory scientists to provide rapid diagnostic testing,
and social and behavioral scientists to design and implement community
education and mobilization efforts.
- Support efforts to provide supplies during outbreak emergencies by
partners such as FDA, WHO, NGOs, pharmaceutical companies, multinational
corporations, and other members of the private sector.
- Offer to conduct follow-up activities at the site of an outbreak,
in collaboration with ministries of health, WHO, International Emerging
Infections Programs (IEIPs; see Priority
Area 6), and existing national or donor-supported disease control
programs. Activities may include
- Sharing data to guide ongoing control programs
- Improving infection control practices
- Building laboratory capacity
- Establishing ongoing surveillance for the outbreak pathogen
- Implementing long-term prevention strategies through the application
of proven health tools (see also Priority
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