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Protecting Our Nation's Health in an Era of Globalization: CDC's Global Infectious Disease Strategy
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Objectives for Priority Area 4
Promote Effective Drug Use
  • Conduct implementation research and demonstration projects to promote the use of therapeutic drugs such as
    • Ivermectin to eliminate onchocerchiasis in West Africa and Central America
    • Diethylcarbamazine and albendazole or mebendazole therapy to eliminate lymphatic filariasis in the Americas
    • Single-dose azithromycin to eliminate blinding trachoma in endemic regions in Africa, Middle East, Asia, and Central America
    • Single-dose nevirapine to prevent perinatal HIV transmission. (See also Priority Area 5.)
    • Praziquantel to treat schistosomiasis

  • Promote the widespread use of the directly observed therapy shortcourse strategy (DOTS) to treat TB. (See also Priority Area 5.)

Improve Immunization

  • Use CDC resources to strengthen routine immunization services and to encourage the introduction of new and underutilized vaccines, including vaccines against hepatitis B, yellow fever, Haemophilus influenzae type b, and other childhood diseases. (See also Priority Area 5.)

Promote the Use of Proven Disease Prevention Strategies

  • Work with ministries of health and PAHO to encourage the adoption of vector control measures to eliminate Chagas disease from Central America and reduce morbidity and mortality from dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever.
  •   Box 20
      CDC's Safe Water System
    Work with private and public sector partners to promote widespread implementation of CDC’s Safe Water System, which uses point-of-use disinfection and safe water storage to prevent cholera, dysentery, and other waterborne diseases (Box 20).
  • Work with WHO and ministries of health in central African countries to provide training in hospital barrier nursing practices that prevent nosocomial spread of viral hemorrhagic fevers like Ebola and Marburg.
  • Continue to support the Safe Injection Global Network (SIGN) and work with development agencies and other partners to promote safe injection practices to prevent the spread of hepatitis B and C, HIV/AIDS, and other bloodborne diseases.
  • Work with the Roll Back Malaria partnership to promote the use of insecticide-impregnated bednets for the prevention of malaria and other mosquitoborne diseases. (See Priority Area 5.)
  • Work with ministries of health and WHO to provide public health education and mobilize communities to use proven public health tools.

Disseminate Diagnostic Tests

  • Work through the WHO Collaborating Centre laboratory network to provide proven diagnostic reagents for the detection of endemic diseases to national public health laboratories and regional surveillance networks. (See Priority Area 1.)
  • Work with WHO and donor agencies to provide national public health laboratories with state-of-the-art laboratory tests that measure antimicrobial resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis and other common bacterial pathogens, as well as in malaria parasites and in the AIDS virus. (See Priority Area 5.)
  • Work with ministries of health to transfer technology for molecular subtyping of common bacterial pathogens (e.g., PulseNet techniques; see Objectives for Priority Area 2) to national public health laboratories for use in detecting outbreaks of foodborne diseases).

Use Surveillance Data To Direct Public Health Policy

  • Work with ministries of health and ministries of finance, WHO, and NGOs to
    • Conduct disease surveillance to assess national public health needs and recommend specific public health tools to address them.
    • Demonstrate the use of specific surveillance methods for detecting outbreaks, for evaluating public health programs, and for driving public health decisionmaking.
  • Work with global partners to evaluate the progress of global initiatives to combat malaria, TB, AIDS, and vaccine-preventable diseases. (See Priority Area 5.)

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Booklet Contents
item Contributors
item Table of Contents
item Preface
item Executive Summary
item Introduction
item International Cooperation To Combat Infectious Diseases
item U.S. Investment in Global Public Health
item Protecting the health of U.S. citizens at home and abroad
item Furthering U.S. humanitarian efforts
item Providing economic and diplomatic benefits
item Enhancing security
item CDC's Role in Promoting Global Public Health
item An evolving mission
item Vision for the Future
item Partnerships and Implementation
item Priorities and Objectives
1. International Outbreak Assistance
item Objectives
2. A Global Approach to Disease Surveillance
item Objectives
3. Applied Research on Diseases of Global Importance
item Objectives
4. Application of Proven Public Health Tools
item Objectives
5. Global Initiatives for Disease Control
item Objectives
6. Public Health Training and Capacity Building
item Objectives
item List of Boxes
item Acronyms
item Appendix A
item Appendix B
item Appendix C
item Appendix D
item Appendix E
item Acknowledgments
item References

Downloadable Adobe Acrobat Reader version of the Strategic Plan (495 KB)

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Date published: 2002

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