Skip Navigation Links
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
 CDC Home Search Health Topics A-Z
Protecting Our Nation's Health in an Era of Globalization: CDC's Global Infectious Disease Strategy
Secondary Navigation
The National Center for Infectious Diseases (NCID) has been officially reorganized and as a result its former divisions and programs have been realigned into multiple new national centers. Any reference in this site to "NCID" is no longer accurate. The content is being repurposed and this portion of the CDC site remains posted for archive purposes only.
Home Download / Order Contact Us
 Other Resources

  National Center for Infectious Diseases

 Infectious Disease Information

 Emerging Infectious Diseases Resource Links

 Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal

Objectives for Priority Area 2
Facilitate Regional Disease Surveillance
  • Work with WHO and other partners to identify gaps in global disease surveillance by conducting a health situation analysis.
  • Provide technical and material assistance to regional networks that can fill global gaps in disease surveillance.
  • Host meetings that bring the leaders of regional surveillance networks together on a periodic basis to exchange experiences and methods and facilitate collaboration.
  • Develop surveillance modules that can facilitate standardization of disease reporting among regional disease surveillance networks. Modules may cover sentinel disease surveillance, disease-specific surveillance, and syndromic disease surveillance.
  • Help WHO strengthen WHO country and regional offices by providing CDC scientists, as needed, to assist with national and regional disease surveillance efforts.
  • Assign epidemiologists and laboratory scientists from CDC to DoD laboratories in Indonesia, Kenya, and Thailand, in addition to those already in Egypt and Peru, to support DoD efforts to help strengthen regional disease surveillance (Appendix E).
  • Engage nontraditional partners, such as medical missionary organizations and multinational corporations, in regional disease surveillance activities, particularly in regions that lack adequate public health infrastructures.

Use State-of-the-Art Tools

  • Work with DoD, USAID, development banks, foundations, and other partners to provide public health agencies in developing countries with hardware (e.g., hand-held computers for field use), specialized software (e.g., EPI INFO 2000, PHLIS, and LITS+), and reliable Internet access to facilitate participation in regional infectious disease networks and training activities.
  • Work with many partners to provide regional networks with field-friendly diagnostic tests (e.g., dipsticks).
  • Work with WHO and other partners to develop laboratory standards for diagnostic testing and data standards for disease and syndrome reporting.

Promote New Paradigms for Global Disease Surveillance

  • Establish mechanisms for regular information exchange between veterinary and agricultural organizations and public health agencies on new and re-emerging animal diseases that might affect humans.
  • Work with NOAA, NASA, DoD, NIH, the National Science Foundation, and many other partners to create models that predict the risk of zoonotic and vectorborne disease by integrating climatic, environmental, veterinary, entomologic, and epidemiologic data. CDC can play a major role in providing epidemiologic data.

Strengthen WHO’s Disease-Specific Global Surveillance Networks

  • Provide technical assistance to WHO-sponsored networks that monitor specific diseases of global importance, such as polio, measles, influenza, and TB (Appendix E).
  • Work with WHO to help establish a global network for surveillance and control of plague, using the WHO Influenza Surveillance Network as a model.
  • Work with WHO and other partners to help draft a new set of International Health Regulations (IHR) that includes a set of internationally-reportable diseases or disease syndromes.

Facilitate Surveillance for Foodborne and Waterborne Diseases

  • Improve global surveillance for foodborne and waterborne diseases by
    • Establishing sentinel surveillance sites for foodborne and waterborne disease at International Emerging Infections Programs (IEIPs; see Priority Area 6).
    •   Box 2
        Infectious Diseases Do Not Recognize Borders
      Working with PAHO and FDA to expand PulseNet—the U.S. early warning system for foodborne diseases—into a regional system for detecting outbreaks of foodborne disease throughout the Americas. PulseNet compares the molecular fingerprints of bacterial isolates from many different sources. It can trace the source of an outbreak to shipments of contaminated food bought and consumed at different geographic locations. (See Box 2.)
    • Establishing a mechanism for the regular exchange of surveillance information on foodborne diseases (e.g., salmonellosis, shigellosis, and E. coli O157:H7 infection), including PulseNet fingerprinting data, with European Union partners.
  • Seek WHO approval for establishing a CDC-based WHO Collaborating Centre for Salmonella Surveillance that provides support to WHO’s Global Salmonella Surveillance system (Global Salm-Surv).

Facilitate Surveillance for Antimicrobial Resistance

  •   Box 4
      International Spread of Antimicrobial Resistance
    Work with other U.S. agencies to draft and implement Part II of the U.S. Public Health Action Plan to Combat Antimicrobial Resistance (Box 4), which will consider the role of the U.S. government in addressing global resistance problems, such as the spread of multidrug-resistant TB.
  • Increase the number of regional laboratories that conduct state-of-the-art testing for drug resistance, working through the WHO External Quality Assurance System and the WHO Collaborating Centre for Antimicrobial Resistance and using the new WHO/CDC laboratory manual for standardized susceptibility testing.
  • In collaboration with WHO, the European Union, and other partners, explore the possibility of establishing an expert working group that sets international standards for detecting and reporting drug-resistant threats.

Previous page | Next page

Booklet Contents
item Contributors
item Table of Contents
item Preface
item Executive Summary
item Introduction
item International Cooperation To Combat Infectious Diseases
item U.S. Investment in Global Public Health
item Protecting the health of U.S. citizens at home and abroad
item Furthering U.S. humanitarian efforts
item Providing economic and diplomatic benefits
item Enhancing security
item CDC's Role in Promoting Global Public Health
item An evolving mission
item Vision for the Future
item Partnerships and Implementation
item Priorities and Objectives
1. International Outbreak Assistance
item Objectives
2. A Global Approach to Disease Surveillance
item Objectives
3. Applied Research on Diseases of Global Importance
item Objectives
4. Application of Proven Public Health Tools
item Objectives
5. Global Initiatives for Disease Control
item Objectives
6. Public Health Training and Capacity Building
item Objectives
item List of Boxes
item Acronyms
item Appendix A
item Appendix B
item Appendix C
item Appendix D
item Appendix E
item Acknowledgments
item References

Downloadable Adobe Acrobat Reader version of the Strategic Plan (495 KB)

About Adobe Acrobar Reader Files Some documents are available here in Adobe Acrobat Reader format (PDF). To view or print them, you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader (version 3.0 or higher) installed on your computer. If you do not have the reader, you can obtain it free from Adobe Corporation. Click on the icon below to download the program from their Web site.
Get Adobe Acrobat Reader


  Top of Page


Home | Download / Order | Contact Us

CDC Home | Search | Health Topics A-Z

Date published: 2002

National Center for Infectious Diseases
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Privacy Policy | Accessibility