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Protecting Our Nation's Health in an Era of Globalization: CDC's Global Infectious Disease Strategy
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Appendix C: Examples of International Outbreak Assistance
During the 1990s, CDC participated in numerous outbreak investigations in other countries, sometimes as part of an international WHO team and sometimes in direct response to a request from an affected nation. These investigations included

1990: Japanese encephalitis in Saipan
1990: Epidemic dysentery in Burundi

1991: Hepatitis E in Kenya and Somalia
1991-92: Epidemic dysentery in Zambia
1991: Cholera in Bolivia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Peru
1991: Cholera in Brazil
1991: Polio in Romania
1991: Polio in Bulgaria

1992: Polio in Jordan
1992-96: Diphtheria in Ukraine

1993-96: Diphtheria in Russia
1993: Polio in Namibia
1993: Polio in Uzbekistan

1994: Dengue in Nicaragua
1994: Plague in India
1994-95: Measles in Palau, Guam, and the Federated States of Micronesia

1995: Diphtheria in Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan
1995: Leptosporosis in Nicaragua
1995: Ebola fever in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (then Zaire)

1996: Epidemic dysentery in South Africa
1996: West Nile encephalitis in Romania
1996: Typhoid fever in Tadjikistan
1996: E. coli O157:H7 infection in Japan
1996: Polio in Albania

1997: Polio in Turkey
1997: Botulism in Argentina
1997: Cholera in Kenya
1997: Avian influenza in Hong Kong
1997: Rift Valley fever in Kenya
1997: O’nyong-nyong fever in Uganda
1997: Nosocomial HIV-associated multidrug-resistant TB in Argentina
1997: Multidrug-resistant TB in Colombia
1998: Measles in Romania
1998: Bolivian hemorrhagic fever in Bolivia

1998: Plague in Ecuador
1998: Dengue in Palau
1998: Dengue in Yap
1998: Amebiasis in the Republic of Georgia
1998-99: Influenza outbreaks on cruise ships (U.S.-Canada)

1999: Louseborne relapsing fever in southern Sudan
1999: Dengue fever on U.S.-Mexico border
1999: Epidemic poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis in Brazil
1999: Typhoid fever in Nauru
1999: Nipah virus encephalitis in Malaysia
1999: Marburg fever in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
1999: Polio in Angola
1999: Measles in Costa Rica
1999-2000: Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in Panama

2000: Polio in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
2000: Tularemia in Kosovo
2000: Cholera in Pohnpei State, Federated States of Micronesia
2000: Rift Valley fever in Saudi Arabia and Yemen
2000: Ebola hemorrhagic fever in Uganda
2000: Measles in Haiti, the Dominican Republic, and Bolivia
2000: Polio in Haiti and the Dominican Republic
2000: Measles in Zambia
2000: Diphtheria in Latvia
2000: Dengue hemorrhagic fever in El Salvador

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Booklet Contents
item Contributors
item Table of Contents
item Preface
item Executive Summary
item Introduction
item International Cooperation To Combat Infectious Diseases
item U.S. Investment in Global Public Health
item Protecting the health of U.S. citizens at home and abroad
item Furthering U.S. humanitarian efforts
item Providing economic and diplomatic benefits
item Enhancing security
item CDC's Role in Promoting Global Public Health
item An evolving mission
item Vision for the Future
item Partnerships and Implementation
item Priorities and Objectives
1. International Outbreak Assistance
item Objectives
2. A Global Approach to Disease Surveillance
item Objectives
3. Applied Research on Diseases of Global Importance
item Objectives
4. Application of Proven Public Health Tools
item Objectives
5. Global Initiatives for Disease Control
item Objectives
6. Public Health Training and Capacity Building
item Objectives
item List of Boxes
item Acronyms
item Appendix A
item Appendix B
item Appendix C
item Appendix D
item Appendix E
item Acknowledgments
item References

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Date published: 2002

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