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NIDA Home > Publications > Preventing Drug Abuse Among Children & Adolescents

Preventing Drug Abuse among Children and Adolescents
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Selected Resources and References

Resources relating to drug abuse prevention are listed below. Information on NIDA’s Web site is followed by Web sites for other Federal agencies and private organizations. These resources and the selected references that follow are excellent sources of information in helping communities run successful research-based drug prevention programs. Note that full contact information for these resources may be found in the complete guide, Preventing Drug Use among Children and Adolescents: A Research-Based Guide for Parents, Educators, and Community Leaders, Second Edition [download PDF - 688K].

Selected Resources

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS)

NIDA’s Web site ( provides information on all aspects of drug abuse, particularly the effects of drugs on the brain and body, prevention of drug use among children and adolescents, the latest research on treatment for addiction, and statistics on the extent of drug abuse in the United States. The Web site allows visitors to print or order publications, public service announcements, posters, science education materials, research reports and fact sheets on specific drugs or classes of drugs, and the NIDA NOTES newsletter. The site also links to related Web sites in the public and private sector.

Other Federal Resources

Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP)
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services
Administration (SAMHSA), DHHS

Phone: 301-443-9110

Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention (CDC), DHHS

Phone: 404-639-3534
Phone: 800-311-3435 (toll-free)

Safe and Drug-Free Schools Program
U.S. Department of Education (DoE)

Phone: 800-872-5327 (toll-free)

Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)
U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ)

Phone: 202-307-1000

Knowledge Exchange Network, SAMHSA, DHHS
Phone: 800-789-2647 (toll-free)

National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and
Drug Information (NCADI), SAMHSA, DHHS

Phone: 800-729-6686 (toll-free)

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), NIH, DHHS
Phone: 301-443-3860

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), NIH, DHHS
Phone: 301-443-4513

National Institutes of Health (NIH), DHHS
Phone: 301-496-4000

National Library of Medicine (NLM), NIH, DHHS
Phone: 301-594-5983
Phone: 888-346-3656 (toll-free)

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

Phone: 202-307-5911

Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP)
Phone: 800-666-3332 (toll-free)

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

Phone: 301-443-8956

Other Selected Resources

American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP)
Phone: 202-966-7300

American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP): KidsHealth

American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)
Phone: 847-434-4000

American Psychological Association (APA)
Phone: 800-374-2121 (toll-free)
Phone: 202-336-5510

American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM)
Phone: 301-656-3920

Blueprints for Violence Prevention
Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence

Phone: 303-492-1032

Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA)
at Columbia University

Phone: 212-841-5200

Community Anti-Drug Coalitions of America (CADCA)
Phone: 800-542-2322 (toll-free)

Drug Strategies, Inc.
Phone: 202-289-9070

Join Together
Phone: 617-437-1500

Latino Behavioral Health Institute
Phone: 213-738-2882

National Asian Pacific American Families Against
Substance Abuse (NAPAFASA)
Phone: 213-625-5795

National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS)
Phone: 800-851-3420 (toll-free)
Phone: 301-519-5500

National Families in Action (NFIA)
Phone: 404-248-9676

AdolescentsNational National Hispanic Science Network (NHSN)
Phone: 305-243-2340

National Prevention Network (NPN)
Phone: 202-293-0090

Partnership for a Drug-Free America
Phone: 212-922-1560

Society for Prevention Research (SPR)
Phone: 202-216-9670

Selected References

The following references have been selected as either summaries of the literature of the past several years or as the latest findings on specific aspects of prevention research, which have been cited in this publication.

1 Aos, S.; Phipps, P.; Barnoski, R.; and Lieb, R. The Comparative Costs and Benefits of Programs to Reduce Crime. Volume 4 (1-05-1201). Olympia, WA: Washington State Institute for Public Policy, May 2001.

2 Ashery, R.S.; Robertson, E.B.; and Kumpfer K.L., eds. Drug Abuse Prevention Through Family Interventions. NIDA Research Monograph No. 177. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1998.

3 Battistich, V.; Solomon, D.; Watson, M.; and Schaps, E. Caring school communities. Educational Psychologist 32(3):137–151, 1997.

4 Bauman, K.E.; Foshee, V.A.; Ennett, S.T.; Pemberton, M.; Hicks, K.A.; King, T.S.; and Koch, G.G. The influence of a family program on adolescent tobacco and alcohol. American Journal of Public Health 91(4):604–610, 2001.

5 Beauvais, F.; Chavez, E.; Oetting, E.; Deffenbacher, J.; and Cornell, G. Drug use, violence, and victimization among White American, Mexican American, and American Indian dropouts, students with academic problems, and students in good academic standing. Journal of Counseling Psychology 43:292–299, 1996.

6 Botvin, G.; Baker, E.; Dusenbury, L.; Botvin, E.; and Diaz, T. Long-term follow-up results of a randomized drug-abuse prevention trial in a white middle class population. Journal of the American Medical Association 273:1106–1112, 1995.

7 Chou, C.; Montgomery, S.; Pentz, M.; Rohrbach, L.; Johnson, C.; Flay, B.; and Mackinnon, D. Effects of a community-based prevention program in decreasing drug use in high-risk adolescents. American Journal of Public Health 88:944–948, 1998.

8 Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. Predictor variables associated with positive Fast Track outcomes at the end of third grade. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 30(1):37–52, 2002.

9 Dishion, T.; McCord, J.; and Poulin, F. When interventions harm: Peer groups and problem behavior. American Psychologist 54:755–764, 1999.

10 Dishion, T.; Kavanagh, K.; Schneiger, A.K.J.; Nelson, S.; and Kaufman, N. Preventing early adolescent substance use: A family centered strategy for the public middle school. Prevention Science 3(3):191–202, 2002.

11 Gerstein, D.R. and Green, L.W., eds. Preventing Drug Abuse: What Do We Know? Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1993.

12 Hansen, W.B.; Giles, S.M.; and Fearnow-Kenney, M.D. Improving Prevention Effectiveness. Greensboro, NC: Tanglewood Research, 2000.

13 Hawkins, J.D.; Catalano, R.F.; Kosterman, R.; Abbott, R.; and Hill, K.G. Preventing adolescent health-risk behaviors by strengthening protection during childhood. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine 153:226–234, 1999.

14 Hawkins, J.D.; Catalano, R.F.; and Arthur, M. Promoting science-based prevention in communities. Addictive Behaviors 90(5):1–26, 2002.

15 Ialongo, N.; Poduska, J.; Werthamer, L.; and Kellam, S. The distal impact of two first-grade preventive interventions on conduct problems and disorder in early adolescence. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders 9:146–160, 2001.

16 Johnston, L.D.; O’Malley, P.M.; and Bachman, J.G. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975–2002. Volume 1: Secondary School Students. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2002.

17 Kosterman, R.; Hawkins, J.D.; Spoth, R.; Haggerty, K.P.; and Zhu, K. Effects of a preventive parent-training intervention on observed family interactions: Proximal outcomes from Preparing for the Drug Free Years. Journal of Community Psychology 25(4):337–352, 1997.

18 Kosterman, R.; Hawkins, J.D.; Haggerty, K.P.; Spoth, R.; and Redmond, C. Preparing for the Drug Free Years: Session-specific effects of a universal parent-training intervention with rural families. Journal of Drug Education 31(1):47–68, 2001.

19 Kumpfer, K.L.; Olds, D.L; Alexander, J.F.; Zucker, R.A.; and Gary, L.E. Family etiology of youth problems. In: Ashery, R.S.; Robertson, E.B.; and Kumpfer K.L.; eds. Drug Abuse Prevention Through Family Interventions. NIDA Research Monograph No. 177. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, pp. 42–77, 1998.

20 Moon, D.; Hecht, M.; Jackson, K.; and Spellers, R. Ethnic and gender differences and similarities in adolescent drug use and refusals of drug offers. Substance Use and Misuse 34(8):1059–1083, 1999.

21 Oetting, E.; Edwards, R.; Kelly, K.; and Beauvais, F. Risk and protective
factors for drug use among rural American youth. In: Robertson, E.B.; Sloboda, Z.; Boyd, G.M.; Beatty, L.; and Kozel, N.J., eds. Rural Substance Abuse: State of Knowledge and Issues. NIDA Research Monograph No. 168. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, pp. 90–130, 1997.

22 Palmgreen, P.; Donohew, L.; Lorch, E.P.; Hoyle, R.H.; and Stephenson, M.T. Television campaigns and adolescent marijuana use: Tests of sensation seeking targeting. American Journal of Public Health 91(2):292–296, 2001.

23 Pentz, M. A. Costs, benefits, and cost-effectiveness of comprehensive drug abuse prevention. In: Bukoski, W.J., and Evans, R.I., eds. Cost-Benefit/Cost-Effectiveness Research of Drug Abuse Prevention: Implications for Programming and Policy. NIDA Research Monograph No. 176. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, pp. 111–129, 1998.

24 Plested, B.; Smitham, D.; Jumper-Thurman, P., Oetting, E., and Edwards, R. Readiness for drug use prevention in rural minority communities. Substance Use And Misuse 34(4 and 5):521–544, 1999.

25 Scheier, L.; Botvin, G.; Diaz, T.; and Griffin, K. Social skills, competence, and drug refusal efficacy as predictors of adolescent alcohol use. Journal of Drug Education 29(3):251–278, 1999.

26 Spoth, R.; Guyull, M.; and Day, S. Universal family-focused interventions in alcohol-use disorder prevention: Cost effectiveness and cost-benefit analyses of two interventions. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 63:219–228, 2002.

27 Spoth, R.L.; Redmond, D.; Trudeau, L.; and Shin, C. Longitudinal substance initiation outcomes for a universal preventive intervention combining family and school programs. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 16(2):129–134, 2002.

28 Thornton, T.N., et al., eds. Best Practices of Youth Violence Prevention: A Sourcebook for Community Action. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, September 2000.

29 U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Research and Improvement, Office of Reform Assistance and Dissemination. Safe, Disciplined, and Drug-Free Schools Programs. Washington, DC, 2001.

30 Webster-Stratton, C. Preventing conduct problems in Head Start children: Strengthening parenting competencies. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 66:715–730, 1998.

31 Webster-Stratton, C.;Reid, J.; and Hammond, M. Preventing conduct problems, promoting social competence: A parent and teacher training partnership in Head Start. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology 30:282–302, 2001.

32 Wills, T.; McNamara, G.; Vaccaro, D.; and Hirky, A. Escalated substance use: A longitudinal grouping analysis from early to middle adolescence. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 105:166–180, 1996.

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