Interagency training is used to supplement training of single agencies. The purposes are to:
promote cost-efficiency through the use of interagency training rather than creating similar programs in multiple agencies,
provide a broad range of training programs by addressing common training needs Governmentwide, and .
increase the level of quality and consistency in training across the Government. See E.O. No. 11348 (1967), as amended.
The U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) provides executive and management interagency training. The following authorities give OPM certain responsibilities with regard to Governmentwide training:
computer security and privacy (Computer Security Act of 1987, Pub. L. 100-235 (1988));
information resources management (OMB Circular A-130, Transmittal No. 3, Appendix III (February 8, 1996));
labor-management relations (E.O. 12871 (1999) as amended by E.O. 13203 (2001));
retirement counselor training (Title 5 USC §8350(B)); and
strategic planning and performance measures for executives and managers (Government Performance and Results Act of 1993, Pub. L. 103-62, (1993)).
Selected agencies have established interagency training facilities to meet training needs that agencies have in common and which are not met by U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM). This training is offered under the authority of law, presidential directive, or as a result of coordination with OPM. These include:
auditor training provided under a Memorandum of Understanding between OPM and the Department of Agriculture (1979) covering training programs for Federal, State, and local government audit personnel, with the USDA Graduate School administering the program;
civilian employee travel, space utilization, and property management training provided under a Memorandum of Understanding between OPM and the General Services Administration (1981);
foreign language training provided by the Department of State's Foreign Service Institute established under Title 22 USC §4021;
law enforcement training provided by the Department of Treasury's Federal Law Enforcement Training Center which was established by a Memorandum between Treasury and several other Federal agencies, including OPM;
legal training provided by the Department of Justice's Legal Education Institute established by a Presidential Memorandum to Heads of Agencies (1979);
procurement and acquisition training provided by General Services Administration under the Federal Procurement Policy Act, which established the Federal Acquisition Institute (Federal Procurement Policy Act, Pub. L. 93-400, 88 Stat. 796 (1974)); and
safety training provided by the Department of Labor's Occupational Safety and Health Administration under E.O. No. 12196 (February 26, 1980).
Title 31 USC §1535 authorizes the inter- and intra- departmental furnishing of goods and services on a reimbursable basis and Title 31 USC §1536 authorizes the crediting of such reimbursements to the appropriation charged for the performance.
Under Title 5 USC §4104, agencies may provide interagency training on a reimbursable or non-reimbursable basis. Fees received from Federal agency participants in another agency's interagency training programs may be credited to the sponsoring agency's appropriation. However, an agency may not obtain reimbursement for training if funds are already provided for interagency training in its appropriation.