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January 12, 2009

A photo of an older man consulting with his doctor.New Tool to Predict Colorectal Cancer Risk
A new tool for calculating colorectal cancer risk for people age 50 or older recently came online. It will help health care providers and their patients make informed choices about when and how to screen for colorectal cancer.

A rendering of neuron connections.Deep Brain Stimulation Curbs Parkinson Symptoms
Scientists reported that a therapy for treating Parkinson’s disease called deep brain stimulation improved quality of life and gave patients more daily hours without troubling movement symptoms than standard medical care.

A photo of a young boy shielding his eyes from a bright light.Eye Cells Are Out of Sight
A new study sheds light on how a particular kind of cell in the eye—crucial for light-related functions other than seeing—detects light and communicates with the brain. A better understanding of these cells may eventually lead to treatments for sleep problems or seasonal depression.


Research Matters 2008 Recap

Photo of a doctor and her patient. NIH has nearly 6,000 NIH staff scientists and supports more than 325,000 researchers with competitive grants to all 50 states, the territories and more than 90 countries around the world. Here's just a small sampling of the accomplishments made by NIH-supported scientists in 2008.


December 15, 2008

Photo of multiple vitamin pills and spoon.Dietary Supplements Fail to Prevent Prostate Cancer
Two large-scale clinical trials found that regular intake of vitamin E, vitamin C or selenium does not reduce the risk of prostate cancer or other cancers in older men, as some previous studies had suggested.

Three-dimensional image of lumpy round cell with multiple extensions.Compound Helps Detect Cancer Cells in Mice
A new imaging compound helps researchers visualize viable breast cancer cells that have spread to the lungs of mice. Similar compounds may one day help doctors monitor their patient’s tumors and even aid in tumor removal.

Long, thin cell among other disc-shaped cells.New Genetic Target for Sickle Cell Disease Therapy
Researchers have identified a gene involved in the inherited blood disorders sickle cell disease and thalassemia. The discovery identifies a potential new target for therapies that could dramatically alter the course of the disorders.


December 8, 2008

Photo of a computer monitor displaying a DNA microarrayGene Activity Can Predict Survival Rates of Patients with Lymphoma
A new study shows that gene activity can be used to predict survival rates of people with a type of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma called diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. The method can potentially be used to guide treatment and to help develop future therapies.

Electron micrograph showing cluster of bacteriaGut Microbiomes Differ Between Obese and Lean People
A new study has found that obese and lean twins have clear differences in their gut microbial communities. The finding points the way for future research into the roles that gut microbes may play in obesity and other health conditions.

Image of tuberculosis bacteria.Experimental Drug Destroys TB Bacteria From Within
Scientists have discovered how an experimental drug unleashes its destructive force inside the bacteria that cause tuberculosis. The finding could help scientists develop new approaches for combating dormant infections, which are especially difficult to treat.


November 24, 2008

Photo of a female doctor checking the blood pressure of an older man.Blood Protein Helps Assess Cardiovascular Risks
Three new studies provide the strongest evidence to date that a simple blood test for a molecule called C-reactive protein could help clinicians better identify and treat people who are at risk for cardiovascular disease.

Photo of a ginkgo leaf.Ginkgo Study Fails To Find Benefit in Preventing Dementia
The dietary supplement Ginkgo biloba was found to be ineffective in reducing the development of dementia and Alzheimer's disease in older people, according to a new study.

Microscopic image of a fibrous mass.Imaging Compound May Help Predict Alzheimer’s Disease
A new brain imaging study has found that elderly people can develop a key hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease in the brain without any evidence of cognitive impairment. The researchers hope that their detection method will one day help predict who will develop Alzheimer’s disease in 5 to 10 years.


November 10, 2008

Photo of newborn baby sleeping peacefully.Earlier Jaundice Treatment Decreases Brain Injury in Preemies
A new study has found that early treatment to prevent severe jaundice in extremely early preterm infants can reduce the rate of brain injury, a serious complication of jaundice.

Photo of joyful young woman in meadow.Longer Treatment Improves Outcomes for Opioid-Addicted Youth
Young adults addicted to opioids were more successful at remaining drug-free when they received longer treatment with a medication than those who received the same treatment for only 2 weeks.

Photo of hand breaking egg into bowl.Children with Egg Allergies May Tolerate Heated Egg
A new study has found that the majority of children with egg allergy may be able to eat some baked foods containing egg. The early results also raise the possibility that the gradual introduction of extensively heated egg may help alleviate some children’s allergy to regular egg.


NIH Research Matters is a review of NIH research from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.

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NIH Research Matters
Harrison Wein, Ph.D., Editor
Vicki Contie, Assistant Editor
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This page was last updated January 12, 2009 .
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