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The emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a growing problem in many European countries. To mark the very first European Antibiotic Awareness Day, on 18 November, the scientific journal Eurosurveillance runs a series of articles to highlight main aspects of the AMR problem in Europe. They will be published in two issues on 13 and 20 November 2008.

In preparation for the coming influenza season 2008-9, Eurosurveillance publishes a special issue on prevention of influenza by vaccination. Seasonal influenza poses a serious public health threat because of associated serious morbidity and mortality. In Europe, estimates suggest that influenza is responsible for around 40,000 to 220,000 excess deaths, depending on the severity of the epidemic.

Today Eurosurveillance is publishing a special issue dedicated to the widespread advances made in Europe in estimating the real number of newly acquired HIV infections based on an innovative approach called STARHS

To tie in with World Hepatitis Day on 19 May, the scientific journal Eurosurveillance is today publishing a special issue on viral hepatitis, highlighting issues and challenges related to hepatitis B and C.

On 17 April 2008, Eurosurveillance is publishing a special issue with articles on the measles situation in Europe. The publication is linked to European Immunisation Week which runs from 21-27 April.

World Tuberculosis Day on 24 March commemorates the date in 1882 when Robert Koch presented his findings of the causing agent of tuberculosis (TB) – Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In the run up of this day Eurosurveillance publishes a special issue on the situation of TB in Europe.

Today (6 March, 2008), Eurosurveillance, the European peer-reviewed journal of infectious diseases, publishes a special issue on meningococcal disease. It includes two in-depth articles and an editorial by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC).

Eurosurveillance Quartely Q4 2007

Eurosurveillance is an open-access peer-reviewed journal about infectious diseases surveillance prevention and control in Europe. Over 14,000 readers around the world subscribe to our weekly online edition, which is published every Thursday. We also print a compilation of our articles every three months.

Eurosurveillance, Volume 14, Issue 2, 15 January 2009

Table of Contents

Rapid communications

Legionnaires’ disease in a neonatal unit of a private hospital, Cyprus, December 2008: preliminary outbreak report
We report an outbreak of Legionnaires’ disease in neonates, affecting 11 newborn babies. The case fatality rate is currently 27%. The outbreak has been confirmed by detection of Legionella pneumophila(...)
Rebound of overdose mortality in the European Union 2003-2005: findings from the 2008 EMCDDA Annual Report
Drug overdose is an important cause of death among young adults in Europe. According to data reported by Member States to the EMCDDA, many of the European Union countries reported a rebound in the num(...)
Surveillance and outbreak reports

Long-term Cryptosporidium typing reveals the aetiology and species-specific epidemiology of human cryptosporidiosis in England and Wales, 2000 to 2003
To improve understanding of the aetiology and epidemiology of human cryptosporidiosis, over 8,000 Cryptosporidium isolates were submitted for typing to the species level over a four year period. The m(...)
An outbreak of measles in orthodox Jewish communities in Antwerp, Belgium, 2007-2008: different reasons for accumulation of susceptibles
From August 2007 to May 2008, an outbreak of at least 137 cases of measles occurred in some orthodox Jewish communities in Antwerp, Belgium. The outbreak was linked to outbreaks in the same communitie(...)
Research articles

High rates of community-acquired, Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL)- positive methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) infections in adult outpatients in Greece
Staphylococcus aureus was isolated in 88 (30. 8%) of 286 adult patients suffering from various skin and soft-tissue infections examined in the outpatient department of a 650 bed tertiary-care hospital(...)

Disclamer:The opinions expressed by authors contributing to Eurosurveillance do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) or the Editorial team or the institutions with which the authors are affiliated. Neither the ECDC nor any person acting on behalf of the ECDC is responsible for the use which might be made of the information in this journal.
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