The Library of Congress

Learning Page Chat, October 16, 2003:

Immigration...The Changing Face of America

LeniD joined the room.

BjB: when Leni shares a URL it will appear as a hyperlink

TaunjaC: Is this where the immigration chat is going to take place?

BjB waves hi to Leni

BjB: Yes, Taunja

MidgeF: also waves hi to old friend Leni

PaulaR: You are at the right place.

TaunjaC: Thank you!

LeniD: Hello BJ and Midge :-) Hi William, Taunja, Paula and Allison!

BjB waves hi to Leni again

AllisonHa: hello

PaulaR: Hi Leni.

TaunjaC: Hello

WilliamP: hey

LeniD: Some old friends and some new ones are here tonight...this will be fun!

MichaelH joined the room.

MichaelH waves

BjB: Hi, Michael. Ready to get us started?

LeniD: I have so much to show you tonight, that I'd like to get started...Hi, Michael...just in time to kick off our chat!

MichaelH: Hi, Leni, BJ! I'm all set

MichaelH: Welcome to tonight's Learning Page Chat. Leni's got some great resources to share tonight, so let's get started! We'll start with introductions... anyone like to start us off?

BjB: I'm an art teacher in Pennsylvania and a helpdesk volunteer for Tapped In

WilliamP: I would like to introduce Leni

MichaelH gives William the floor

LeniD: Go for it, William :-)

WilliamP: I was KIDDING!

LeniD: LOL! I'm Leni Donlan. I coordinate the Learning Page project at the Library of Congress.

MidgeF: I'm a technology consultant, author and amateur genealogist living in Massachusetts. I have a Web page on Ellis Island for teachers.

MichaelH is a technology curriculum facilitator in a small school district in southwestern Indiana

AllisonHa: I'm an elementary technology coordinator from Georgia, USA

PaulaR: I am an eighth grade literature teacher from Pickens, SC.

WilliamP: I am a musician from Nawlins

TaunjaC: I am a 5th grade LA/SS teachers in sc

MichaelH: Leni, I think that's everyone for now:)

LeniD: Thank you so much for joining us this evening. In just a minute, I'll be sharing with you resources you can use with your students, with your staff, or by yourself as you develop plans to teach about immigration. Before I do this, however, let's take a moment to think about how you can effectively USE primary sources with your students.

LeniD: I know some of you attended yesterday's chat with John Raymond. John is doing some wonderful work with models and tools for "doing" history.

MidgeF: It was cool.

LeniD: And what is "doing" history?

SueHu joined the room.
LeniD: Hello Sue :-)
SueHu: HI
MichaelH waves to Sue

LeniD: Well, think about how students work with hands-on, inquiry based science problems or experiments.

SueHu: Am I in the right room? AAM?

LeniD: Sue, this is the Learning Page chat ...I hope to see many AAM participants here.

GailP joined the room.
LeniD: Hi Gail!
GailP: Hi Leni and all!
MichaelH waves to gail

LeniD: We are talking about "doing" history...and comparing it to doing science.

GailP: Ahhh - like yesterday

MidgeF: good bumper sticker (genealogists do history)

LeniD: Setting the stage, Gail :-)

PaulaR: That makes it more fun...less boring

LeniD: Good one, Midge!

MichaelH: more insightful... what did the source mean versus reading an interpretation by a history text

LeniD: Students have... raw materials to use...they have a process to follow...and they have to "figure something out" (form an hypothesis) based on the results and observations of their process and their teacher's guiding questions.

LeniD: Right on, Michael!

LeniD: To "do" history, one can use this same model. Provide the raw materials; provide a process; guide their thinking with challenging questions; provide time for investigation; and require an "outcome" allowing students to show what they have discovered.

LeniD: What are the raw materials?

MichaelH: photos...
MichaelH: diary entries
TaunjaC: oral histories?
GailP: Letters...
MichaelH . o O ( the Sullivan Ballou Letter )
MidgeF: journals, genealogy primary resources like birth, marriage and death certificates
AllisonHa: newspaper articles - how history repeats

LeniD: What might the process be?

LeniD: It could be the "observe, think and ask" process described in the Looking Into Holidays Past...Through Primary Sources activity from the Learning Page:

MidgeF: I feel a new project coming on

KathleenR joined the room.
LeniD: Welcome, Kathleen.

MichaelH: reminds all to check what Leni is showing us, but come back here in a couple of minutes

MidgeF: I just used this page with a class!

LeniD: GailP is the author of this wonderful activity.

LeniD: Wow...that's great, Midge.

GailP: Thanks, Leni

LeniD: Perhaps you will want to use the graphic organizer offered in the activity to have students record their process.

MichaelH reminds all the graphic organizer opens as an Adobe Acrobat file... :)

AllisonHa: nice activity sheet

GailP: The organizer is simple, but it works for any kind of primary resource! And here is the Fall version of this activity.

MidgeF: even genealogy

GailP: right, Midge!

LeniD: This organizer is one of my favorite tools. I'm going to move you along, since there is still much to show...
You may want to create and use a Primary Source Toolkit, as described in the Discovering American Memory Workshop.

DougGst4 joined the room.
LeniD: Hello Doug :-)
DougGst4: hello

PaulaR: This is neat!
GailP: Younger kids love this approach
LeniD: Gail, adults do, too!
LeniD: We're glad you like it, Paula :-)
GailP: How right, Leni, we are never too old to have fun learning!

LeniD: I show you resources, think about how you will set the stage... what you will have your students do... how you will guide their process... and how you will have them share what they observe, what they know from prior knowledge, what they "think" they know (hypothesis)... and what they want to find out!

TaunjaC: I think before guiding them, you must introduce them to the material, so they have some idea of what the content is.

PaulaR: The kids might even have artifacts that they could bring in.

TaunjaC: That would be good, bringing in their prior knowledge

AllisonHa: Reading an article, short story, excerpts from a book might help introduce

GailP: And when they do that, they begin to have ownership of the project!

LeniD: Now..are you ready to take a look at some resources from the Library of Congress?

MichaelH is ready
SueHu: yes
PaulaR: yes
LeniD: Great :-)
GailP: Can't wait!

LeniD: Let's start with some Lesson Plans...from the Learning Page to your classroom...

For high school...
Learning About Immigration Through Oral History
All History is Local: Students as Archivists

MidgeF: This is just right for the workshop I'm doing
LeniD: Great, Midge!
AllisonHa: nice interface for the lesson plans
LeniD: Glad you like it, Allison.

LeniD: For the upper elementary and middle school crowd...
Links to the Past
Images of Our People: A Patchwork of Cultures
Down the Rabbit Hole

RosalineJ joined the room.
MichaelH: Rosaline, we're looking at

AllisonHa: D the R Hole looks like a really good learning experience
LeniD: I love that one, Allison.
SueHu: especially for middle schoolers
AllisonHa: yes

GailP: the great thing is that you can use part or all of these lessons and adapt them to your own class

WilliamP: Whoever wrote this one HAS to be a genius:

PaulaR: Neat project on the last URL

LeniD: LOL...good one, William :-)

SueHu: great resource

MidgeF: Leni buys lunch tomorrow

SueHu: sounds good to me

AllisonHa: william did you create it? it looks like a WebQuest

LeniD: Super...yer on, Midge!

WilliamP: Wish I had, but no

MidgeF: Has Bernie Dodge seen this?

AllisonHa: what was funny then - william?

LeniD: I created America Dreams with my American Memory Fellows partner, Kathleen Ferenz, in 1997. :-)

WilliamP: LENI wrote it

AllisonHa: ok - i suspected someone in the room did

LeniD: It is a WebQuest and Bernie has had it on the WebQuest page for some time, now.

MidgeF: Good

SueHu: can we see it?

LeniD: See what you started, William? :-) Please share it again.


LeniD: Thanks :-)

PaulaR: Great job, Leni....You are the genius.

LeniD ::::blush:::::::

MidgeF: WebQuest writing is a lot of work.

LeniD: Yes, it is, Midge.

TaunjaC: Don't say that, we have to write one in the near future.

LeniD: But they are a great deal of fun to create, Taunja!

TaunjaC: I hope so, I have looked at many and they seem to be very helpful in integrating the traditional curriculum and the tech. standards

LeniD: Its a good model, Taunja.

LeniD: Moving you along... Have you seen the Learning Page Collection Connections? They provide contextual information about a specific collection...and suggested teaching strategies to try. Here are some examples to use for a study of immigration:
California as I Saw It...

KimberlyJ joined the room.
LeniD: Hello Kimberly.
LeniD: I'm sharing resources about immigration from the Library of Congress.
KimberlyJ: Hi Leni is this the immigration chat?
LeniD: Yes, are in the right place.
MichaelH: it is , Kimberly
KimberlyJ: Yeah! Sorry I'm late

LeniD: This collection connection is wonderful...
Touring Turn-of-the-Century America: Photographs from the Detroit Publishing Company...
It's a portal to a fantastic collection of images.

SueHu: I love the photos

LeniD: Great, Sue!

SueHu: I needed this about 1 month ago! I'll have to go back and show my students

TaunjaC: Me too, we just finished our immigration study.

LeniD: I'm sorry to hear this is a "day late" for some of you :-(

TaunjaC: Will these sites be available next year too?

AllisonHa: someone just used the picture of the three boys as a critical thinking lesson. Which one do you think is the leader of the group

GailP: But there is NEXT year :-)

LeniD: And now ...resources for your students....
From America's Library...
Walking Onto Ellis Island, New York

SueHu: My home state!
LeniD :-)

LeniD: Port of Entry (another Learning Page activity)

LeniD: So much to little time :-)

MidgeF: I'll add that to my Ellis Island page

LeniD: Are you hanging in there, folks?

MichaelH is good :)
AllisonHa: yes
LeniD: Good one, eh Midge?
TaunjaC: yes! Loving all of the resources you are providing us with
SueHu: and we can retrieve these from the transcript tomorrow?
LeniD: Sure can, Sue!

LeniD: Today in History...
Statue of Liberty

MidgeF: I use that site with elementary teachers


AllisonHa: i wish i had lots of time to explore...

LeniD: It works through middle school, Midge.

PaulaR: My husband just went to and found out about his grandfather coming in to the US. I will have to show him this, too.

LeniD: Excellent, Paula. :-)

GailP: Students in my colleague's 5th grade, the class made an immigration scrapbook - they divided into groups (Ellis Island, medical, housing, etc.) and researched the topic for primary sources. Each group entered a page or two into the scrapbook! They dressed in "costume" and invited other classes to their primary source event! A memorable event!

SueHu: interesting


LeniD: It was a WONDERFUL project, eh Gail?

PaulaR: great idea, Gail

LeniD: Thanks for your URL, Midge!

TaunjaC: Great idea, I may use it next year

PaulaR: Thanks, Midge.

MidgeF: I have grandparents that came thru Ellis Island but I haven't put them up on the page yet

LeniD: We will keep checking back, Midge :-)

LeniD: And for you, the teacher/librarian/media specialist...
Chinese and Westward Expansion (an essay from the collection, The Chinese in California)

LeniD: From the Local History and Genealogy Research Center...
Immigrant Arrivals: A Guide to Published Sources

LeniD: That may be helpful to you, especially, Midge.

MidgeF: yummy

PaulaR: Wow... nice, Leni

GailP: have you seen the wonderful movie of immigrants getting off the ship? Scroll down on this page

MidgeF: Thomas Edison's movie...yup got it.

TaunjaC: The kids love movie clips that show life "back then"

SueHu: That's great

LeniD: From the Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division...
Selected Images of Ellis Island and Immigration

GailP: When we had our "immigrant event" we had this looping in the background.

LeniD: Nice touch, Gail :-)

GailP: Thanks Leni

LeniD: From the Learning Page, a workshop for educators - The Second Wave: European Immigration from 1850 - 1920

MidgeF: It's so great having real pictures

TaunjaC: The is the time period I cover. Thanks!

LeniD: There is so much on the Library's web sites...hope we can help you to find "just" the right resources.

PaulaR: My car looks more comfy than his! HA

LeniD: A Learning Page feature, Immigration: The Changing Face of America

KathleenR: Fabulous!

MidgeF: I know I found an image of the canopy over Plymouth Rock before the one that is there now but I can't find it again.

KathleenR: Put the sound up!

MidgeF: Our Pilgrim Immigrants

GailP: Keep visiting this site - new content is added frequently!

GailP: I love that sound file - Leni can tell you where to find it?

LeniD: We just put up the section on German Immigration last week :-)

PaulaR: Cool sound.

RosalineJ: Great sound file.

GailP: Leni, tell what ethnic groups will be coming....

LeniD: The sounds can be found here...

LeniD: We are working on African American right now...then Italian, Puerto Rican, Japanese, Scandanavian...

KathleenR: If we put a sound file or graphic from your collection, how should we correctly cite it (in a citation section)?

PaulaR: I wondered what that page had to do with the price of cakes in Pie Town????

GailP: Native American, Irish, Mexican, German...are complete.

GailP: What did I forget?

LeniD: Chinese:-)

LeniD: Paula, the sounds files can be found from the links on that page :-) All the resources from the feature are there.

TaunjaC: Wow you really have them categorized. This would be helpful to those teaching about how different cultures have settled different areas of the USA

LeniD: Very much so...

LeniD: and that leads beautifully into the next thing I want to share...

LeniD: And now...
LeniD: Make History with the Library of Congress!

MidgeF: drum roll

SueHu: ooh

GailP: I knew this was coming - get your taste buds ready

LeniD: You and our students can help us tell America's stories through....
The Great American Potluck...

KathleenR: Leni, if I link a sound file from LC to my web site, how do I correctly cite it? Just link it or indicate it was "obtained" from you?

MidgeF: food

GailP: Kathleen, we'll help you answer this later :-)

KathleenR: Wow, That is set up so well.

LeniD: Kathleen, there is a good section on copyright and citing sources in "getting started" on the learning page.

TaunjaC: What do you mean?

KathleenR: Ok.

SueHu: this is great--students will love this site

TaunjaC: FOOD?

LeniD: We hope they will contribute to it, Sue.

PaulaR: yes...Everyone can relate to food!!!!

LeniD: Taunja, the foods of our nation tell much about our diverse culture, don't they?

KathleenR: Can we contribute to this site--I mean food recipes? Or is it complete?

MidgeF: William needs to put up immigrant Nawlins food

SueHu: especially when you're 9 months pregnant, like me!

RosalineJ: Food tells so much about a persons ethnicity.

PaulaR: recipes from regions the Foxfire Books

LeniD: You can definitely add to this!

TaunjaC: Yes, so the kids share recipes?

LeniD: Yes :-)

LeniD: AND their stories.

PaulaR: Great

LeniD: And join us soon in these projects...

MidgeF: needs smell-a-vision

GailP: The stories add so much to the recipes!

SueHu: I have a Mexican girl that has wanted to share recipes with the class.

LeniD: Please have her share, Sue!

SueHu: I will.

LeniD: Interviews with Today's Immigrants

GailP: Midge, coming in next months version!

LeniD: And America Dreams

MidgeF: I expect so much from the Web LOL

TaunjaC: Great, the kids would love this, and this could be tied in to LA standards, I usually use recipes to teach and assess writing instructions

GailP: Well, how about the nation, Sue!

LeniD: Perfect Taunja :-)

KathleenR: Thanks. Had a good time.

LeniD: I'm going to leave you at the Immigration Community Center on the Learning Page:

PaulaR: Can't wait to share... and read recipes from students

LeniD: Here, you will find this month's featured theme, Immigration, with all the resources I just showed you (and MORE) in one place...

SueHu: Thanks

BJ: Next month's LOC discussion is November 20

LeniD: Looking forward to getting them, Paula!

GailP: We'd love your input to our bibliography sections!

TaunjaC: The kids would not only love to share their own recipes, but they would enjoy trying new foods. I would enjoy trying them too. Class Activity???

LeniD: And while you are in the Community Center, take a look at the upcoming themes...and join us again for one of our monthly, themed chats!

GailP: Native American theme is coming up!

PaulaR: Thanks for an enlightening evening.

SueHu: Had a good time, LeniD

LeniD: We want to have an office potluck, too,'s definitely a class activity!

MidgeF: How about Plymouth Rock ? I live near there and am working with the Pilgrim Hall Museum

LeniD: You were a great group...we hope you got some ideas and found some resources that you can use.

PaulaR: ?

MichaelH applauds everyone!

GailP: And come back next month :-)

SueHu: Thanks again!

LeniD: Yes, Paula?

TaunjaC: Thanks, BYE

PaulaR: Thanks

WilliamP: Thanks, you guys always do a great job! (may I call you guys?)

GailP: And visit the Learning Page

MidgeF: Love to... got lots of ideas

RosalineJ: Thank you for the discussion

LeniD: Thanks, William. You may call us guys :-)

KarenL: Thanks, Leni. Great session!

BJ waves goodnight.

MichaelH waves

LeniD: William...we will be in New Orleans in NECC!

LeniD: Thanks, Karen :-)

WilliamP: REALLY???

KarenL: Ooh, I plan to be in N'awlins with you guys!

MidgeF: Nice job. I have a couple questions for later....

MichaelH would love to go back to NECC

LeniD: Midge, thanks for adding so much.

MichaelH was in San Antonio in 2002

GailP: We will be at NCSS in Chicago, too!

WilliamP: You'll be able to recognize me, because I'll have a rose in my teeth.

MidgeF: I spoke at NECC (and I was scared)

GailP: Can't wait, William!

WilliamP: Gail does WONDERFUL bibliographies

LeniD: Sounds as though we will have expert guides:-)

GailP: Thank you William -

GailP: But you have helped us immensely

MidgeF: Night!

LeniD: Gail does a great deal of wonderful Learning Page content.

GailP: Keep your titles coming

WilliamP: Thanks.

GailP: Native Americans is next!

GailP: Oh Leni - blush

GailP: Bye!

LeniD: Bye William :-)

LeniD: Thanks for your help, Michael :-)

LeniD: Night Karen and Gail.

GailP: This was a good discussion tonight, wasn't it!

MichaelH was glad to help out

LeniD: It was a terrific group!

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Last updated 10/20/2003