The Library of Congress

Learning Page Chat, February 19, 2004: Civil Rights

MichaelH waves to Leni
LeniD: Hello Michael :-)
MichaelH: Ready for the session?
LeniD: Hi Kahlil!
MonicaJN: hello everyone
KahlilC: Hi Leni
LeniD: We have a few more minutes, Michael, don't we?
MichaelH: a few
LeniD: Hi Gail :-)
GailP: Hi everyone :-)
MichaelH: Hi, Gail
JosephAb: Hi all!
MonicaJN: I'm new to tapped in - do we have discussion leaders?
LeniD: It's nice to see all of you.
KahlilC: Hi, Gail.
MichaelH: Monica, Leni's the leader for this one...
GailP: Welcome Kahlil!
BJ: Monica, read the 10 steps above this chat window
MonicaJN: thank you
LeniD: Thanks for joining us, Monica.
LeniD: OK..Michael, can you please get us started?
MichaelH: Kahlil, have you detached?
MichaelH: the chat window?
LeniD: I'm glad you explained yourself, Michael! :-)
GailP :-)
KahlilC: I have now. Thanks a million.
MichaelH: Always good to be thorough, Leni!
LeniD: Yep!
MonicaJN: I didn't see 10 steps
MichaelH: Monica, look at the other TAPPED IN page....

LeniD: Welcome! Thank you for joining us. Our special guest, Kahlil Chism, and I have much to share.
MichaelH: Leni, ready to roll?
LeniD: I'm already rolling :-)
MichaelH . o O ( whoops )
GailP: Drum roll...............

LeniD: We all know what a loaded topic civil rights is...and how critical it is that we build citizens with an understanding of cause, effect, implications, ramifications, cultural issues, economic issues, geographic information, political issues. We want our students to know what happened in the past, understand the viewpoints of the nation today, and begin to think seriously about how they can shape a nation with true equality for all within their lifetime.

LeniD: One hundred years after the Civil War, America witnessed marches, sit-ins, boycotts, freedom rides, nonviolent resistance, and rallies. The nation's attention was focused on the inequities of racial segregation and discrimination against African Americans. Landmark actions - the Brown decision of 1954, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 - resulted.

LeniD: What changes can we attribute to this era of activism? Has America achieved equal rights for all its citizens? Where are we today, and where do we go from here?

LeniD: OK...the stage is set...Michael...let us introduce ourselves :-)
MichaelH: ok, Leni!
LeniD -)
MichaelH: I'm Michael Hutchison, and I'm a technology facilitator in a small school district in southwestern Indiana
MichaelH looks to see who else would like to tell us who they are....
GailP: I'm a retired library media specialist - working now with the Library of Congress part-time - creating learning activities using primary sources...
JosephAb: I'm Joe Ableidinger. I'm a law and public policy student (not a teacher).
ChrisSm: I am Chris SMutzer. I am an English teacher in a rural community in SC.
BJ: I'm an art teacher in Pennsylvania
LeniD: I'm Leni Donlan, the project leader for the Learning Page, The Library of Congress.
KahlilC: I'm Kahlil Chism, an Education Specialist with the National Archives and Records Administration.
MonicaJN: I am Monica Nelson - mother of three teenagers - recently finished teaching degree - from Andover, MN
LeniD: How nice to see you all. Any more introductions?
JennifeGst6: I'm an education student
SteveL: I'm an instructor at Iowa State University and sorry but I have to leave to go conduct my class inTappedin.
GailP: Welcome to you all!!!
LeniD: Indeed!

LeniD: Here's the plan for this evening's chat... I'll begin by sharing resources from the Library of Congress. Then I'm going to turn the "floor" over to Kahlil who will share resources from the National Archives and Records Administration.
LeniD: Feel free to speak up at any time. Are you ready?
MonicaJN: ready
KahlilC: Yes.
MichaelH is
ChrisSm: yes.
JosephAb: yup
JennifeGst6: yep
LeniD: Get comfortable and hold on we go!
GailP: let her the little boys I live with say...

LeniD: From the Library's Manuscript division:
African American History and Culture
LeniD: The Ballad of Booker T. has long been one of my favorites.. how would you use this document with your students?

MichaelH reminds all members that they get a transcript of tonight's session, with the links all live :)
LeniD: Michael, can you explain how to access the links, now?
MichaelH: sure, Leni
LeniD: Thanks :-)
MichaelH: all you all need to do is click on the blue link, and the link opens in a new window.... BUT!!!
MichaelH: don't stray away too long, or you'll miss more of the great resources Leni has tonight
LeniD: Thanks :-)
SarahMan: just in...catch me up class
SarahMan: ok, so where do I need to go and thanks! :-)
LeniD: Hello Sarah...we have begun showing resources from the Library of Congress.
SarahMan: thanks.

LeniD: I'm actually going to give you some time to poke around in this next site - The African-American Mosaic - take a look but check back soon!

LeniD: Don't miss the collections, African American Odyssey!

LeniD: Or this new, and wonderful release:
Voices from the Days of Slavery

KahlilC: I could spend days at your site. So many primary source docs...
LeniD:'s very rich, Kahlil :-)

LeniD: The Civil Rights exhibit is indeed one of the Library's American Treasures

LeniD: From The LOC.GOV Wise Guide:
Rosa Parks..

ChrisSm: It is amazing how Rosa's single simplistic act led to such profound things....she dared to disturb the universe.
SarahMan: ok..I am really connecting with Black History month with Roll of Thunder Hear my Cry so any suggestions that can relate welcomed
MonicaJN: it is incredible to see so many resources I never knew existed
LeniD: What an excellent book to share, Sarah.
LeniD: that's our mission, Monica...we will overwhelm you tonight...but you can explore all these links later, at your leisure.
SarahMan: we just started the sequel little above level but they love it!
VennyS: wait;) tooooo much. The webs are so great.
LeniD: Hang on Venny :-)

LeniD: And from the Learning Page....
From Slavery to Civil interactive timeline and overview of African-American history in the United States.
GailP: You could divide your class into groups and have them explore each of these time periods...

LeniD: Let's look, too, at Lesson Plans from the Learning Page...

For high school students:
After Reconstruction: Problems of African Americans in the South

From Jim Crow to Linda Brown

Jackie Steals Home
SarahMan: how awesome...we're studying jackie robinson in reading thank you!!!
GailP: Sarah - you'll need lots of time to explore...

Ladies, Contraband and Spies

LeniD: and for middle school to high school students:
To Kill a Mockingbird

MonicaJN: I took an African-American history class last summer which took me on a journey from Africa to America today - and found myself quite enlightened - growing up a white yankee from MN and all! Also took me on an emotional roller coaster. We started with "Before the Mayflower" - excellent historical account on how slavery in America came to be. Good for high school
LeniD: Sounds excellent, Monica. Thanks for sharing!
GailP: Thanks for sharing that, Monica!
KahlilC: Yes; Before the Mayflower is by Lerone Bennett.
LeniD: Thanks, Kahlil.

LeniD: For your students....
An annotated draft decree regarding the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education Topeka landmark case.

LeniD: and for the younger students...
Jump Back in Time... Learn about Martin Luther King Jr...

Or meet Amazing Americans like...
Frederick Douglass
Harriet Tubman
VennyS gives up to open all the webs.
Langston Hughes
MichaelH reminds Venny there's a transcript coming with the links live :)
MonicaJN: love Langston!!
LeniD: Have no fear...we are but whetting your appetite :-)
LeniD: So do I, Monica :-)
LeniD: All of these links and MUCH more can be found on the Learning Page in the Civil Rights Community Center.
Take time to visit...

GailP: And each month we feature a different theme...
SarahMan: any great music sites?
GailP: Great idea for a theme, Sarah!
GailP: Yes, there are lots!
LeniD: We do have wonderful music collections, Sarah :-)
ChrisSm: I am really interested in the music sites.
SarahMan: Leni, are there any on line quizzes or games regarding these pages for young kids?
SarahMan: when you have time
LeniD: Sarah...America's Library and the Learning Page both have games and activities.
KahlilC: Don't think I have gone anywhere, guys. Just trying to catch some of the flurry of links that are falling around me.
LeniD: LOL...rapid fire is hard to follow.
KahlilC: Well, since you got our hearts racing I'll slow it down a pace
LeniD: OK..take a huge breath...because it's Kahlil's turn!
LeniD: Take it away, Kahlil!

KahlilC: I want to begin by taking you to the Our Documents site.
LeniD: Love the site!
KahlilC: Now, let's look at the "100 Milestone Documents" from the right side menu.
MichelleT: I can't wait to explore the site in great detail later
ChrisSm: yeah, it would take a good deal of time just reading some of the cool documents
JosephAb: Note that they deliberately left off documents after 1965 - probably wise...
MichaelH: let's take a second and look at the OurDocuments site.
MichaelH: while we're waiting... would anyone like to consider why primary source material is so important in a classroom setting?
ChrisSm: it shows students that history is real
ChrisSm: that the written word has power
ValerieM: the materials are real artifacts that's what the students needs
MichaelH: absolutely, Chris...
DebraS: I appreciate that this site has both facsimiles and transcripts; students take the facsimiles so seriously, much more seriously than transcript alone
MichaelH: you could also say that primary sources make history "come alive"
SarahMan: I want to make sure I'm not being in violation: can we print these pics or bios? to use in class?
MichaelH: Sarah, I'll let Leni answer the copyright question...
SarahMan: thanks
LeniD: Aha! We are often asked that.
SarahMan: do I need to shred what I've printed? :-)
MichelleT: Aren't most documents public documents
LeniD: Much of what is on our Web site is in "the public domain"...and almost everything on our Web site can be used with students in a classroom. If you want to use documents or images for a public web site or a for use in an "for profit" endeavor, there are additional restrictions.
GailP: I think I'm the resident librarian here tonight - each of the Library of Congress collections has its own "legalities" re copyright... but Leni is right...most is in public domain...
LeniD: Librarian Gail to the rescue :-)
GailP: and the "fair use" clause applies.
GailP: I'll find a link for you while Leni leads...
KahlilC: Speaking of copyright...98% of what we hold is in the public domain
LeniD: The material on the Learning Page is almost all in the public domain...since it was created by government employees for your use and has no copyright to speak of.
GailP: this is a very basic copyright activity from Linda Joseph..
and here is a more detailed explanation from the Learning Page
SarahMan: thanks!
LeniD: The thing your students should remember is to attribute their sources, whether public domain or not :-)
LeniD: Off my soap box.
SarahMan: Thank kids will love the info on Jackie Robinson

MonicaJN: Wow, this is all so amazing - had no idea all of this existed - students should learn about more black leaders during Black History month than MLK
JenniferAH: black history should be taught all year long, not just during black history month
MichelleT: yes
MichelleT: I agree
MonicaJN: true
SarahMan: there is a lot of bias that our children need to learn to grow up about
LeniD: Definitely, Jennifer.
SarahMan: a multicultural link to Asian and African-American history is the book, "In the Year of the Boar and Jackie Robinson."

LeniD: While Kahlil makes his way back, let us share some of his NARA links with you...
GailP: Here is NARA's link to Brown v. BOE

LeniD: Documents Related to Brown v. Board of Education

Frontiers in Civil Rights: The Dorothy Davis Case

VennyS: ohh, Leni shoots Web sites again.
MichaelH: if it is within copyright rules to do so in a classroom setting
LeniD: Sorry Venny..I'm shooting for Kahlil...who has much to share but is lost out there in cyberspace :-)
BJ cheers...welcome back, Kahlil
LeniD: Yeah!!!!!!!!!!
SarahMan: good
LeniD: Kahlil, we shared some of your sites in your absence.
MonicaJN: are we going to be discussing civil rights as an issue or simply sharing teaching information?
MichaelH: Monica, the question was asked about copyright for the Civil Rights information Leni and Kahlil have been sharing with us, Leni and Gail were responding...
LeniD: Ahh...we were trying to share the resources many teachers don't know about, Monica. Time permitting we are willing to discuss the issues you wish to talk about, as well.
KahlilC: Leni or Gail, if one of you can be my second eyes, I'll talk while you direct?
MichaelH: We'll help Kahlil find it, guys...
LeniD: OK ;-)

KahlilC: Go to

KahlilC: then click on "digital classroom" (5th item from menu bottom)...

KahlilC: Under the 'Sections' menu, click "Teaching With Documents"..

KahlilC: Once there, you will see the eras from National History Standards...
KahlilC: Head down to "Documents Related to Brown v. Board"

KahlilC: As you guys look around be sure to scroll to the bottom. There are Document Analysis Worksheet, suggested teaching activities, etc.
LeniD: These are terrific resources, Kahlil!
MelindaGst5: Unbelievable!
GailP: Agreed, Leni.....
MelindaGst5: There is an entire US history curriculum in there
JenniferAH: I'm so excited by all of this.
KahlilC: BTW: The Brown judgment will be on display at the Archives beginning April 17.
The essays accompanying the articles - many of them - appeared in the Teaching With Documents column of Social Education Magazine...
The Frontiers in Civil Rights lesson works particularly well with younger students, because of the photographs
KahlilC: Using one of the Photograph Analysis Worksheets really helps younger students learn to mine an image for information.

KahlilC: A must visit is the Lyndon Johnson library.
MichaelH perks up
MelindaGst5: Thanks!
KahlilC: At the LBJ site you should notice that there is is audio artifact. Students have to be reminded, occasionally, that sound and video recordings are also primary sources.
LeniD: Definitely, Kahlil.
KahlilC: The interviews of Civil Rights era figures are wonderful to listen to.
ChrisSm: teachers have to be reminded of that as well.
LeniD: Right on, Chris :-)
KahlilC: And most of the 10 presidential libraries have education pages within their sites... mainly for elementary age students.
LeniD: Between the Library of Congress and the National Archives Web sites, teachers are provided with ideas for teaching and amazing materials to use to do so!
GailP: And we would all love to hear how we could help you even more with integrating our resources into your curricula....send us your thoughts....

KahlilC: At the Kennedy Library,, you'll find more.
KahlilC: In this instance, letters from many of the Big 6 (+ 1) civil rights leaders, to the White House.

MelindaGst5: Thanks!
JenniferAH: Thank you so much for all of the info
LeniD: A big round of applause for Kahlil and the excellent resources shared.
LeniD: Thanks so much!
MichelleT: Thanks
LeniD: Thank you for joining us... we hope you will come back again on March 18 when we will be discussing, "Her Story," (Women's History through primary sources from the Library of Congress).
KahlilC: Thanks for your patience.
DebraS: Thanks for the tip on the presidential libraries: new for me!
GailP: Kahlil - we were so glad you could join us...
MichelleT: Thank you for all the great resources
MichaelH applauds everyone for a great session
SarahMan: thank you...I have lots to play with. Thanks ladies and gents...see some of you Tuesday!
LeniD: Night all!
GailP: See you soon, Kahlil...
BJ: Thanks Leni, Gail and Kahlil
GailP: And thanks all for coming....

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Last updated 02/20/2004