The Worker Education and Training Program (WETP) has been a national leader in the effort to train workers to respond safely to terrorist incidents and natural disasters. WETP awardees developed the official safety and health training for site workers at the cleanup of the WorldTrade Center. Master instructors from awardee organizations delivered that training to the thousands of workers who toiled at Ground Zero. Technical experts from WETPs Clearinghouse wrote the first report about the safety and health issues at the site. Awardees also developed the first course to train remediation workers to safely clean up the anthrax contamination created by the mailing of spore-laden letters. During the response at Ground Zero, it was clear that safety and health training of the skilled trades was too little, too late and hundreds are still experiencing mental and physical health problems, years after the event.
Partnering on Disaster Site Worker Courses with OSHA
To fill the training void, WETP master instructors from academia and labor unions covering construction trades, fire fighting, and transportation worked with training experts from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Training Institute to develop the Disaster Site Worker course, a 16-hour course for workers, like heavy equipment operators, whose expertise may be needed during a disaster. The course teaches workers how to work safely, wear respirators, function within the Incident Management System, and recognize psychological stress. The OSHA Resource Centers and WETP awardees are now offering this course through the OSHA Training Institute (OTI). OTI 7600 and the companion train-the-trainer course OTI 5600 is now offered across the country. Awardees have trained thousands through the OTI 5600 and hundreds of skilled trades through the OTI 7600.
Developing an Emergency Support Activation Plan for Worker Training
WETP has developed an Emergency Support Activation Plan that is integrated into OSHA’s Health and Safety Annex to the National Response Plan (NRP). To respond effectively, WETP has surveyed all eighteen awardees and catalogued the resources available, particularly master instructors, subject matter experts, training facilities, and sampling equipment. Now, when the NRP is activated, WETP can support the response fully. WETP worked with the American Red Cross during the Top Officials III (TOPOFF III) training to test activation plans.
The U.S. National Response Team (NRT) Website(http://www.nrt.org) Provides technical assistance, resources and coordination on preparedness, planning, response and recovery activities for emergencies involving hazardous substances, pollutants and contaminants, hazmat, oil, and weapons of mass destruction in natural and technological disasters and other environmental incidents of national significance.
NIEHS Worker Safety and Health Training
Support Annex(http://tools.niehs.nih.gov/wetp/public/hasl_g et_blob.cfm?ID=1996) (116 KB) September 2005. 5 pages. Upon activation of the National Response Plan, this Worker Safety and
Health Training Support Annex is activated in support of the Worker Safety and Health Annex and other Emergency Support Annexes as established by the National Response Plan (NRP) and the National Incident Management System (NIMS).
Worker Safety and Health Support Annex(http://tools.niehs.nih.gov/wetp/public/hasl_g et_blob.cfm?ID=1676) (85 KB) January 2008. 8 pages. The Worker Safety and Health Support Annex provides guidelines for implementing worker safety and health support functions during potential or actual Incidents of National Significance. This annex describes the actions needed to ensure that threats to responder safety and health are anticipated,
recognized, evaluated, and controlled consistently so that responders are properly protected during incident management operations.
National Response Plan(http://tools.niehs.nih.gov/wetp/public/hasl_g et_blob.cfm?ID=1678) (4.2 MB) December 2004. 426 pages. In Homeland Security Presidential Directive (HSPD)-5, the President directed the development of a new National Response Plan (NRP) to align Federal coordination structures, capabilities, and resources into a unified, all-discipline, and all-hazards approach to domestic incident management.
WETP Brochure(http://tools.niehs.nih.gov/wetp/public/hasl_g et_blob.cfm?ID=1655) (1.3 MB) WETP Program Summary brochure: Training for Emergency Response to Hazardous Materials Incidents, Terrorist Acts, and the Cleanup of Hazardous Waste Sites
OSHA brochure for Disaster Site Worker Course(http://tools.niehs.nih.gov/wetp/public/hasl_g et_blob.cfm?ID=1656) (3.0 MB) Disaster job sites differ from normal construction or demolition sites. Therefore, Disaster Site Workers' roles and responsibilities on the job site are not the same either. Whether the disaster is natural or man-made, the on-site worker needs to develop an awareness of safety and health hazards that may be encountered. Enabling Disaster Site Workers to recognize that they have a responsibility to make decisions and choices that will positively affect their personal health/safety and that of others at the site is a primary theme of this 16-hour awareness course. Learners are given the opportunity to practice their new knowledge, skills and attitudes through discussion, planned exercises, demonstrations and presentations. The ability to immediately apply this new learning to their role as a disaster site worker is enhanced by participating in this interactive, instructor-led course.
NFPA 472 Standard for Professional Competence
of Responders to Hazardous Materials Incidents-1997 Edition(http://tools.niehs.nih.gov/wetp/public/hasl_g et_blob.cfm?ID=1682) (1.9 MB) 1997. 72 pages. The purpose of this standard is to specify minimum competencies for those who will respond to hazardous materials incidents.
One purpose of the competencies contained herein is to reduce the numbers of accidents, injuries, and illnesses during response to hazardous materials incidents and to help prevent exposure to hazardous materials to reduce the possibility of fatalities, illness, and disabilities affecting emergency response personnel.
Homeland Security Presidential Directive/HSPD-5(http://tools.niehs.nih.gov/wetp/public/hasl_g et_blob.cfm?ID=1684) February 2003. The purpose of this document is to enhance the ability of the United States to manage domestic incidents by establishing a single, comprehensive national incident management system.
December 17, 2003 Homeland Security Presidential Directive/Hspd-7(http://tools.niehs.nih.gov/wetp/public/hasl_g et_blob.cfm?ID=1685) This directive establishes a national policy for Federal departments and agencies to identify and prioritize United States critical infrastructure and key resources and to protect them from terrorist attacks.
December 17, 2003 Homeland Security Presidential Directive/Hspd-8(http://tools.niehs.nih.gov/wetp/public/hasl_g et_blob.cfm?ID=1686) 2003. This directive establishes policies to strengthen the preparedness of the United States to prevent and respond to threatened or actual domestic terrorist attacks, major disasters, and other emergencies by requiring a national domestic all-hazards preparedness goal, establishing mechanisms for improved delivery of Federal preparedness assistance to State and local governments, and outlining actions to strengthen preparedness capabilities of Federal, State, and local entities.
DHS National Incident Management System(http://tools.niehs.nih.gov/wetp/public/hasl_g et_blob.cfm?ID=2299) (193 KB) October 2005. This DHS PowerPoint presents an overview briefing for Fiscal Year (FY) 2006 implementation requirements.
Summary of NIMS(http://tools.niehs.nih.gov/wetp/public/hasl_g et_blob.cfm?ID=2300) (20 KB) October 2005. 1 page. This document provides a summery of NIMS implementation schedule, requirements, and certification process.
State and Territorial NIMS Compliance(http://tools.niehs.nih.gov/wetp/public/hasl_g et_blob.cfm?ID=2301) (158 KB) October 2005. 1 page. This document provides state and territorial compliance activities, under NIMS, for fiscal year 2006.
Tribal Government and Local Jurisdiction NIMS Comliance(http://tools.niehs.nih.gov/wetp/public/hasl_g et_blob.cfm?ID=2302) (133 KB) October 2005. 13 pages. This document provides tribal government and local jurisdiction compliance activities, under NIMS, for fiscal year 2006.
National Standard Curriculum Training Development Guidance(http://tools.niehs.nih.gov/wetp/public/hasl_g et_blob.cfm?ID=2303) (436 KB) October 2005. 31 pages. In federal Fiscal Year 2006, states, territories, tribes and local communities will be required to complete several activities to comply with the NIMS. A complete listing of these activities (or elements) is included for you in this document.
FY 2006 NIMS Training Requirements(http://tools.niehs.nih.gov/wetp/public/hasl_g et_blob.cfm?ID=2304) (71 KB) October 2005. 9 pages. This document explains training requirements for NIMS in fiscal year 2006.