The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), a federal public health agency, has completed an exposure evaluation on the former W.R. Grace & Company/Texas Vermiculite site in Dallas, Texas. The evaluation considered ways that people could be exposed to asbestos from this site now or ways that people could have been exposed in the past.
Who should read this?
Read this alert if you or someone you know:
Why this site is being evaluated?
ATSDR is evaluating a number of sites throughout the United States where facilities received vermiculite from a mine in Libby, Montana. Vermiculite from Libby was found to contain asbestos. The former W.R. Grace & Company/Texas Vermiculite site received Libby vermiculite during 1953-1992.
Purpose of the alert
This alert explains:
Being exposed to asbestos does not mean that you will develop health problems! Many things need to be considered when evaluating whether you are at risk for health problems from asbestos exposure. A doctor can help you find out if you have health problems from asbestos exposure.
Former workers are most at risk
Workers may have been exposed to asbestos anywhere in and around the plant. The plant processed vermiculite that contained asbestos. Vermiculite was processed by expanding it in furnaces. Asbestos fibers were released into the air in the plant throughout the workday when vermiculite was processed and handled. Here are some examples of work activities known to have released fibers into the air:
Family members of former workers
Workers who were exposed may have brought asbestos fibers home on their clothes, shoes, and bodies. Therefore, people who lived in their households could have been exposed to asbestos, too. Even handling and washing a worker's clothes could have exposed someone to asbestos.
People who lived near the plant may have been exposed to asbestos in the following ways:
Most current residents living in the neighborhood are not being exposed to asbestos from the site. The plant stopped processing asbestos-contaminated vermiculite in 1992.
In the past, some people may have taken waste rock home from the plant and used it around their homes. Today, people could still be exposed to asbestos around their homes if any waste rock remains uncovered and open to the air. That's because every time this waste rock is stirred up, asbestos fibers may be released into the air.
Asbestos exposure and health
Asbestos is a naturally occurring mineral. It is made up of fibers that are so small that you cannot see them. If asbestos fibers are in the air you breathe, you will get asbestos fibers in your lungs. This is the primary way that people are exposed to asbestos.
Asbestos fibers may remain in the lungs for a lifetime. In some cases, the fibers might damage the lungs or the lining of the lungs, leading to illness and even death.
Inform your doctor. Even if you don't feel sick, tell your doctor that you might have been exposed to asbestos. Most people don't show any signs or symptoms of asbestos-related disease for 10 to 20 years or more after exposure. A doctor can help you find out if you have any health problems due to asbestos exposure. Your doctor may refer you to a specialist who has experience with diseases caused by asbestos.
Show this fact sheet to your doctor. Please take this fact sheet to your doctor because the information in it might be helpful in evaluating your health risk.
Quit smoking. If you are a smoker, quit smoking. Smoking combined with asbestos exposure greatly increases the risk of getting lung cancer.
Get regular influenza (flu) and pneumonia shots. Regular inoculations help reduce the chance of lung infections.
You can help by:
If you or your doctor wants more information about the site investigation or wants to ask specific questions, contact
Maria Teran-MacIver, Community Involvement Specialist
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
1600 Clifton Road NE, MS E-32
Atlanta, GA 30333
Health Consultation Report:
To read a copy of the ATSDR exposure evaluation report for this site:
North Oak Cliff Branch Library302 West Tenth Street 75208
This page last updated on December 08, 2008