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This Week in Senate History
Senate Chamber, Washington
January 16, 1832

French political and social observer Alexis de Tocqueville visited the Senate in session. Later, he described the 1832 Senate as "composed of eloquent advocates, distinguished generals, wise magistrates, and statesmen of note, whose arguments would do honor to the most remarkable parliamentary debates of Europe.

2009 Session Schedule
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Floor Schedule

Thursday, Jan 15, 2009

10:00 a.m.: Convene and begin a period of morning business.

Thereafter, resume consideration of S.22, the Lands Bill.

Previous Meeting

Wednesday, Jan 14, 2009

The Senate convened at 9:30 a.m. and adjourned at 8:35 p.m. 1 record vote was taken.

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The Senate Chamber: 1859-2009

On January 4, 1859, sixty-six senators representing thirty-three states moved in procession into a large and beautiful Chamber, the centerpiece of a new Senate wing built in the 1850s.

The United States Senate in Session in Their New Chamber. 12-31-1859 The Senate of the 110th Congress
1859 Senate Chamber 110th Congress

Since 1789, when just twenty-two senators convened the first Senate, the number of senators had tripled as new states joined the Union and the Senate's old Chamber became crowded, noisy, and worn. News accounts of the event noted the solemn procession, the "finely proportioned" Chamber, and the colorful stained-glass ceiling. Spacious galleries accommodated up to 600 visitors and dignitaries. The Senate had a new home—a Chamber that would witness many historic debates, producing legislation that would reshape the nation.

Over the past 150 years, the Senate Chamber has undergone many changes. By the 1930s, age and decay threatened collapse of the old glass-paneled ceiling, and the Chamber's lighting and ventilation system needed modernizing. A mid-20th century renovation brought upgraded amenities and a clean, contemporary design. Cosmetic improvements in the 1980s provided a telegenic background as C-SPAN coverage of Senate proceedings began in 1986. Today, the Senate Chamber is a blend of old and new—of traditional and modern. It is a place where 19th-century mahogany desks and snuff boxes coexist with the computers and television cameras of the modern age.

Evolution of the Senate Chamber, 1859-2009

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