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Scientific Literature


1. Dennis, DT, Gage KL, Gratz N, Poland JD, and Tikhomirov E. (Principal authors). Plague  Manual. World Health Organization.  Geneva, Switzerland.  172 pp., 1999.

2. Parmenter RR, Yadav EP, Parmenter CA, Ettestad P, and Gage KL. Incidence of plague associated with increased winter-spring precipitation in New Mexico, USA. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.  61:814-821.  1999.

3. Gage KL, Dennis DT, Orloski KA, Ettestad P, Brown TL, Reynolds PJ, Pape WJ, Fritz CL, Carter LG., and Stein JD.  Cases of human plague associated with exposure to infected domestic cats. Clin. Infect. Dis. 30:893-900. 2000.

4. Enscore, RE, Biggerstaff BJ, Brown TL, Fulgham RF, Reynolds PJ, Engelthaler DM, Levy CE, Parmenter RR, Montenieri JA, Cheek JE, Grinnell RK, Ettestad PJ, and Gage KL. Modeling relationships between climate and the frequency of human plague cases in the southwestern United States, 1960-1997.  Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.  66:186-196, 2002.

5. CDC. Imported Plague ---New York City, 2002. Reported by Perlman DC, Primas R, Raucher B, Lis R, Weinberg B, Davilman A, Yampierre C, Protic J, Weiss D, Ackelsberg J, Lee L, Layton M, Beatrice ST, Smith PF, Ettestad PJ, Reynolds PJ, Sewell CM, Enscore RE, Kosoy MY, Kubota K, Lowell JL, Chu M, Kool J, Gage KL. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 52(31):725-728, 2003.

6. Dennis DT and Gage KL. Plague.  In: Infectious Diseases, 2nd ed.  Armstrong, D. and Cohen, J. Mosby, Ltd. London. Vol. 2, Section 6:1641-1648, 2003.

7. Seery DB, Biggins DE, Montenieri JA, Enscore RE, Tanda DT, and Gage KL.  Treatment of black-tailed prairie dog burrows with deltamethrin to control fleas (Insecta:Siphonaptera) and plague. J. Med Entomol.  40:718-722, 2003.

8. Lowell JL,  Wagner DM, Atshabar B, Antolin M, Vogler AJ, Keim P, Chu MC, and Gage KL. Identifying sources of human plague exposure.  J Clin Microbiol.  43:650-656, 2005.

9. Gage KL and Kosoy MY. The natural history of Plague: Perspectives from more than a century of research.  Ann Rev Entomology.  50:505-528, 2005.

10. Collinge SK, Johnson WC, Ray C, Matchett R, Grentsen J, Cully JF, Jr., Gage KL, Kosoy MY, Loye JE and Martin AP. Testing the generality of a trophic-cascade model for plague. Ecohealth 2:1-11, 2005.

11. Guarner J, Shieh W-J, Chu M, Perlman DC, Kool J, Gage KL, Ettestad P, Zaki SR. 2005.  Persistent Yersinia pestis antigens in ischemic tissues of a patient with septicemic plague. Human Pathology. 36:850-853, 2005.

12. Webb CT, Brooks CP, Gage KL, Antolin MF. Classic fleaborne transmission does not drive plague epizootics in prairie dogs. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 103(16):6236-41, 2006

13. Eisen RJ, Bearden SW, Wilder AP, Montenieri JA, Antolin MF, Gage KL.  Early-phase transmission of Yersinia pestis by unblocked fleas as a mechanism explaining rapidly spreading plague epizootics.  Proc Natl Acad Sci.USA 103:42:15380-15385, 2006.

14. Human Plague – Four States, 2006. Reported by Bertram-Sosa L, Jaso C, Valadez  A, Nix B, Jones R, Sidwa T, Walker J, Anglim A, Reporter R, Mascola L, Van Gordon G, Ramirez J, Fritz C, Davis R, Ross J, Chongsiriwatana K, DiMenna M, Sheyka J, Ettestad P, Smelser C, Powers N, Reynolds P, Fowler J, Pape J, Tanda D, Mead P, Griffith K, Gage KL, Montenieri J, Dietrich G, Kubota K, Young J, Gould LH. Morbidity Mortality Weekly Report. 55:34:940- 943, 2006.

15. Lowell JL, Zhansarina A, Yockey B, Meka-Mechenko T, Stybayeva GS, Atshabar B, Nekrassova L. Tashmetov R, Kenghebaeva K, Chu MC, Kosoy M, Antolin MF, Gage KL. Phenotypic and molecular characterizations of Yersinia pestis isolates from Kazakhstan and adjacent regions. Microbiology. 153(Pt.1):169-177, 2007

16. Adjemian JC, Foley P, Gage KL, Foley JE. Initiation and spread of traveling waves of plague,Yersinia pestis, in the western United States. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 76:365-375, 2007.

17. Eisen RJ, Lowell JL, Montenieri JA, Bearden SW, Gage KL.  2007.  Temporal dynamics of   early-phase transmission of Yersinia pestis by unblocked fleas: secondary infectious feeds prolong efficient transmission by Oropsylla montana (Siphonaptera: Ceratophyllidae).  J Med Entomol, 44:672-677, 2007.

18. Eisen, RJ, Wilder AP, Bearden SW, Montenieri JA, Gage KL.  2007.  Early-phase transmission of Yersinia pestis by unblocked Xenopsylla cheopis (Siphonaptera:Pulicidae) is as efficient as transmission by blocked fleas.  J Med Entomol,  44:678-682, 2007. 19. Eisen RJ, Enscore RE, Biggerstaff BJ, Reynolds PJ, Ettestad P, Brown T, Pape J, Tanda D, Levy CE, Engelthaler DM, Cheek J, Bueno Jr. R, Targhetta, Montenieri JA, Gage KL. Human plague in the southwestern United States, 1957-2004: Spatial models of elevated risk of human exposure to Yersinia pestis. J Med Entomol, 44:530-537, 2007.

20. Eisen RJ, Reynolds PJ, Ettestad P, Brown T, Enscore RE, Biggerstaff BJ, Cheek J, Bueno R, Targhetta J, Montenieri JA, Gage KL. Residence-linked human plague in New Mexico: A habitat suitability model. Am J Trop Med Hyg, 77:121-125, 2007.

21. Gage KL.  Yersinia. In: Cecil’s Textbook of Medicine, 23rd Edition. Ed. Goldman L, Ausiello D. Suanders Elsevier, Philadelphia, pp. 2253-2259, 2007.


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