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Selected References | Other CDC Publications | Mosquito Surveillance Software

Publications / Resources

  • O’Leary DR, Kuhn S, Kniss KL, Hinckley AF, Pape WJ, Kightlinger LK, Beecham BD, Miller TK, Neitzel DF, Michaels SR, Campbell GL, Rasmussen SA, Hayes EB. Birth outcomes following West Nile virus infection of pregnant women, United States, 2003-2004. Pediatrics 2006;117:e537-45.

  • Paisley J, Hinckley AF, O’Leary DR, Kramer WC, Lanciotti RS, Campbell GL, Hayes EB. West Nile virus infection among pregnant women in a northern Colorado community, 2003-2004. Pediatrics 2006;117:814-20.

  • Zohrabian A, Hayes EB, Petersen LR. Cost-effectiveness of West Nile virus vaccination from a societal perspective. Emerg Infect Dis 2006;12:375-80.

  • Hayes EB, Gubler DJ. West Nile virus: epidemiology and clinical features of an emerging epidemic in the United States. Annu Rev Med 2006;57:181-94.

  • Hayes EB, Komar N, Nasci RS, Montgomery SP, O'Leary DR, Campbell GL. Epidemiology and transmission dynamics of West Nile virus disease. Emerg Infect Dis 2005;11:1167-73.

  • Hayes EB, Sejvar JJ, Zaki SR, Lanciotti RS, Bode AV, Campbell GL. Virology, pathology, and clinical manifestations of West Nile Virus disease. Emerg Infect Dis 2005;11:1174-9.

  • Farajollahi A, Gates R, Crans W, Komar N. Serologic Evidence of West Nile Virus and St. Louis Encephalitis Virus Infections in White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) from New Jersey, 2001, Adobe Acrobat Reader(60 KB, 5 pages). Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases. December, 2004; Vol. 4, No. 4, Pages 379-383.

  • O’Leary et al.The Epidemic of West Nile Virus in the United States, 2002 Adobe Acrobat Reader(284 KB, 10 pages)
    (2004) The epidemic of West Nile virus in the United States. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 4(1):61-70

  • Barnard DR, Xue RD. Laboratory evaluation of mosquito repellents against Aedes albopictus, Culex nigripalpus, and Ochlerotatus triseriatus (Diptera: Culicidae). J Med Entomol. 2004 Jul;41(4):726-30.

  • Herrington JE. Pre-West Nile Virus Outbreak: Perceptions and practices to prevent mosquito bites and viral encephalitis in the United States. Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases Journal, 2003;3(4):157-173. Adobe Acrobat Reader(261 KB, 17pages)

  • Iwamoto M, Jernigan DB, Guasch A, et al. Transmission of West Nile Virus from an Organ Donor to Four Transplant RecipientsThe New England Journal of Medicine.

  • Morse DL, Perspective: West Nile Virus--Not a Passing Phenomenon.The New England Journal of Medicine.

  • Martin DA, BJ Biggerstaff, B Allen, AJ Johnson, RS Lanciotti and JT Roehrig. Use of Immunoglibulin M Cross-reactions in Differential Diagnosis of Human Flaviviral Encephalitis Infections in the United States. Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology 9(3):544-49.

  • Biggerstaff B J,, and Petersen L R, Estimated Risk of West Nile Virus Transmission through Blood Transfusion During an Epidemic in Queens, New York City, Transfusion, 42, 1019-1026.

  • Petersen LR, Marfin AA. West Nile Virus: A Primer for the Clinician [Review] Annals of Internal Medicine 2002;137:173-179.
    (Also available in PDF format Adobe Acrobat Reader[287 KB, 7 pages].)

  • Campbell GL, Marfin AM, Lanciotti RS, and Gubler DG. West Nile virus. Lancet Infectious Diseases. 2002;2:519-29.
    (In PDF format Adobe Acrobat Reader[1.57 MB, 11 pages].)
    Reprinted with permission from Elsevier Science (The Lancet, 2002, Vol No. 2, 519-29)
    Lancet Infectious Diseases Homepage

  • Fradin MS, Day JF. Comparative efficacy of insect repellents against mosquito bitesNew England Journal of Medicine 2002;347(1):13-8. Access restricted. See NEJM homepage for access options.

  • Mostashari F, Bunning ML, Kitsutani PT, et al. Epidemic West Nile encephalitis, New York, 1999: results of a household-based seroepidemiological survey. Lancet 2001;358:261-264.

  • Nash D, Mostashari F, Fina A, et al. The outbreak of West Nile virus infection in the New York City area in 1999. New England Journal of Medicine 2001;3441:1807-1814.

  • Komar N. West Nile viral encephalitis. Revue Scientifique et Technique 2000;191:66-76.

  • Lanciotti RS, Kerst AJ, Nasci RS, et al. Rapid detection of West Nile virus from human clinical specimens, field-collected mosquitoes, and avian samples by a TaqMan reverse transcriptase-PCR assay. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 2000;38:4066-4071.

  • Anderson JF, Andreadis TG, Vossbrinck CR, et al. Isolation of West Nile virus from mosquitoes, crows, and a Cooper's hawk in Connecticut. Science. 1999;286:2331-2333.

  • Han LL, Popovici F, Alexander, Jr. JP, et al. Risk factors for West Nile virus infection and meningitis or encephalitis, Romania, 1996. Journal of Infectious Diseases. 1999;179:230-233.

  • Jai X-Y, Briese T, Jordan I, Rambaut A, et al. Genetic analysis of West Nile New York 1999 virus. Lancet. 1999;354:1971-1972.

  • Lanciotti RS, Roehrig JT, Deubel V, et al. Origin of the West Nile virus responsible for an outbreak of encephalitis in the northeastern United States. Science. 1999;286(5448):2333-2337.

  • Savage HM, Ceianu C, Nicolescu G, et al. Entomologic and avian investigations of an epidemic of West Nile fever in Romania in 1996, with serologic and molecular characterizations of a virus isolate from mosquitoes. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 1999;61:600-611.

  • Tsai TF, Popovici F, Cernescu C, Campbell GL, Nedelcu NI. West Nile encephalitis epidemic in southeastern Romania. Lancet. 1998;352:767-771.

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