The Library of Congress Veterans History Project Home 
Experiencing War: Stories from the Veterans History Project
Home » John Ernest Dolibois

"Oddly enough, I had driven through Rheims the day that General Jodl was signing the surrender documents, and I didn't even know it." (Video Interview, 35:44)

   John Ernest Dolibois
Image of John Ernest Dolibois
Captain John Dolibois, 1946.
War: World War II, 1939-1946
Branch: Army
Unit: 16th Armored Division
Service Location: France; Germany; Luxembourg
Rank: Captain
View Full Description

A naturalized American, John Dolibois' war experiences brought him full circle to his homeland. He emigrated to America from Luxembourg in 1931 as a 13-year-old, quickly learned English, and became an outstanding student in high school in Akron, Ohio, and at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio. Because he spoke fluent German, Dolibois was recruited for the Army intelligence unit; at war's end he was driving around Europe, interviewing captured German officers. His postwar assignment brought him to "Ashcan," the code name for a luxury hotel in Mondorf, Luxembourg. There he joined a team of five interrogators who questioned every surviving Third Reich person of note, from Hermann Goering to Julius Streicher, in preparation for the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials.

Interview (Video)
»Interview Highlights  (6 clips)
»Complete Interview  (122 min.)
More like this
»The War
»Forever a Soldier
 Video (Interview Excerpts) (6 items)
The set-up at Ashcan; the interrogation process. (05:38) Arrival at Ashcan; "the surprise of my life." (01:56) Unaware that the war was over; joining a delayed celebration. (01:19)
Saving the Lipizzaner stallions. (06:33) Busted by Patton during an inspection. (03:05) Public ignorance of the Ashcan; winnowing down the final list. (03:29)
Home » John Ernest Dolibois
  The Library of Congress
  May 29, 2007
Veterans History Project Home
Contact Us