Are You Ready?

Homeland Security Advisory System

The Homeland Security Advisory System was designed to provide a national framework and comprehensive means to disseminate information regarding the risk of terrorist acts to the following:

This system provides warnings in the form of a set of graduated “threat conditions” that increase as the risk of the threat increases. Risk includes both the probability of an attack occurring and its potential gravity. Threat conditions may be assigned for the entire nation, or they may be set for a particular geographic area or industrial sector. At each threat condition, government entities and the private sector, including businesses and schools, would implement a corresponding set of “protective measures” to further reduce vulnerability or increase response capability during a period of heightened alert.

There are five threat conditions, each identified by a description and corresponding color. Assigned threat conditions will be reviewed at regular intervals to determine whether adjustments are warranted.

Threat Conditions and Associated Protective Measures

Image of the five threat conditions

There is always a risk of a terrorist threat. Each threat condition assigns a level of alert appropriate to the increasing risk of terrorist attacks. Beneath each threat condition are some suggested protective measures that the government, the private sector, and the public can take.

In each case, as threat conditions escalate, protective measures are added to those already taken in lower threat conditions. The measures are cumulative.

Citizen Guidance on the Homeland Security Advisory System

Green: Low Risk

Blue: Guarded Risk

Yellow: Elevated Risk

Orange: High Risk

Red: Severe Risk

*Developed with input from the American Red Cross.

Knowledge Check

  1. By following the instructions in this guide, you should now have the following:
    • A family disaster plan that sets forth what you and your family need to do to prepare for and respond to all types of hazards.
    • A disaster supplies kit filled with items you would need to sustain you and your family for at least three days, maybe more.
    • Knowledge of your community warning systems and what you should do when these are activated.
    • An understanding of why evacuations are necessary and what you would need to do in the case of an evacuation.
    • Identification of where the safest shelters are for the various hazards.
    • Compare the above actions with the personal action guidelines for each of the threat levels. Determine how well you are prepared for each of the five levels.
  2. What is the current threat level? ________________________________
    • Hint: To determine the current threat level, check your cable news networks or visit Keep your family informed when changes in the threat level occur, and go over the personal actions you need to take.

For More Information

If you require more information about any of these topics, the following are resources that may be helpful.


American Red Cross
American Red Cross: Homeland Security Advisory System Recommendations for Individuals, Families, Neighborhoods, Schools, and Businesses. Explanation of preparedness activities for each population.

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Last Modified: Friday, 30-May-2008 10:27:03 EDT