Careers Opportunity Program Definitions
- Health professions schools and schools of allied health whose
schools or programs are accredited by a recognized body or bodies
approved for such purposes by the Secretary of Education, or which
provide to the Secretary satisfactory assurance by such accrediting
body or bodies that reasonable progress is being made toward accreditation.
- A student population that has participated along an educational
pipeline whereby the individuals have gained exposure to or experience
in health careers, and posses the academic preparation, interest,
competitiveness, social and personal skills to become a health professional.
- Comprehensive: (see Comprehensive HCOP Model Section for explanation)
Non-Comprehensive: Applications that do not meet the requirements
Supplemental: Currently-funded grant requesting funds to conduct
additional activities. Application is made using the current
grant number, and must detail the current HCOP program, new activities
proposed, and anticipated outcomes.
- Programs containing a network of entities which are formally linked
programmatically. The network must include a minimum of four
entities: a community-based entity, a school district, an undergraduate,
and health and allied health professions school.
Competence - The level of knowledge based skills required
to provide effective clinical care to patients from a particular
ethnic or racial group. Use only this definition when applying for
a grant, but to stimulate discussion and further refine the concept,
see how other organizations define cultural
- The ability to adjust one’s perceptions, behaviors, and practice
styles to effectively meet the needs of different ethnic or racial
- Educational categories whereby students are at the elementary
grade level, middle school level, high school level, undergraduate
or graduate level.
- Written agreements “linking” partners of a comprehensive network
that have common objectives. Such agreements shall reflect
the coordination of educational activities, support services, and
consolidation of resources.
- A individual who has successfully completed all the educational
requirements for a specified academic program of study or has met
all the eligibility requirements for full certification/degree in
a designated health profession.
Health or Educational
Entity - An organization, agency or combination thereof
which has the provision of health or educational programs as one
of its major functions.
Training - Activities involving teaching students research
principles, design and methodology to allow them the
opportunity to apply such knowledge and develop research skills
through direct involvement in a research project.
Institution of Higher
Education - An educational institution in any state or
consortium of educational institutions that: 1) admits as regular
students only persons having a certificate of graduation from a
school providing secondary education, or the recognized equivalent
of such a certificate; 2) is legally authorized within such state
to provide a program of education beyond secondary education; 3)
provides an educational program for which it awards a Bachelor's
degree or higher, or provides not less than a two-year program (or
its equivalent) which is acceptable for full credit toward such
a degree and/or certification; 4) is a public or other nonprofit
institution; and 5) is accredited by a recognized body or bodies
approved for such purpose by the Secretary of Education.
- Educational level referring to either grades six, seven and eight,
or grades seven, eight and nine, depending on the individual school
district. Synonymous with junior high school.
Underserved Community - According to the Public Health
Service Act, Section 799 B(6) and amended by P.L. 105-392, Section
108 (c) the term "medically underserved community" means
an urban or rural area or population that:
(A) is eligible for designation under section 332 as a health
professional shortage area;
(B) is eligible to be served by a migrant
health center under section 330, a community
health center under section 330, a grantee under section 330
(relating to homeless individuals),
or a grantee under section 330 (relating to residents
of public housing);
(C) has a shortage of personal health services, as determined under
criteria issued by the Secretary under section 1861(a)(a)(2) of
the Social Security Act (relating to rural health clinics); or
(D) is designated by a State Governor (in consultation with the
medical community) as a shortage area or medically underserved community.
Medically underserved community includes service in the following
Community Health Centers
Migrant Health Centers
Health Care for the Homeless
Housing Primary Care grantees
Clinics, federally designated
National Health Service Corps
Indian Health Service sites
Primary Medical Care Health
Professional Shortage Areas
Nurse Shortage Areas
State or Local Health Departments
Sites designated by a State Governor in consultation with the medical
community (for example ambulatory practice sites)
- As applied to any private entity, no part of the net earnings
of such entity accrues or may lawfully accrue to the benefit of
any private shareholder or individual.
HCOP Program - HCOP Post-Baccalaureate Programs
are conditional admissions programs . The purpose of these
programs is to provide an avenue for certain disadvantaged students
to gain admission into health and allied health professions
schools. To be eligible for an HCOP-funded Post Baccalaureate
program, a student must have an undergraduate degree with a science
focus, and have applied and been denied admission to a health professions
school. Each program must select a cohort of at least seven
students for health professions schools and five for allied health
programs, who--providing they meet the program’s requirements–will
be guaranteed admission into the health professions school, or admission
into another health professions or allied health professions school.
Grant funds will provide stipends to the cohort for both summer
sessions and during the academic year (not to exceed 12 months).
Additionally, HCOP Post-Baccalaureate programs should include: an
initial diagnostic summer session, post-baccalaureate level academic
year, pre-matriculation summer session, academic counseling, tutoring
, and psycho-social support.
Program - A six to eight week summer program especially
designed to prepare HCOP matriculants for the rigors of the first
year professional school and to ease their transit into the health
- The funding of a specific category or group of approved applications
ahead of other categories or groups of applications.
- Is an individual who has met the didactic and/or clinical requirements
of a structured educational program which does not confer a degree.
- Non-academic activities such as counseling, interviewing skills,
cross-cultural education, time management, and adjustment to educational
and institutional environment designed to further students’ competitiveness
for eventual admission into a health or allied health professions
- Is a formal program of a specified length with a specially designed
curriculum or set of activities in which designated trainees are
required to participate (e.g., summer and/or academic year enrichment
program which focus on such areas as mathematics, science, learning/communication
skills, professional school entrance exams and the like).
- Has very few formal requirements and not of any specified length
or specially designed set of activities in which participants have
the option to participate (e.g., recruitment activities such as
health career lectures, dissemination of health careers information,
and professional and personal counseling).
of Excellence Definitions
-Refers to partnerships of entities that are formally linked programmatically.
Each member of the partnership must sign a formal agreement (by
someone at the university or entity with the authority to commit
resources) detailing a plan that identifies each member’s role and
commitment to the project.
Clinical and Counseling
Psychology - This specialty is comprised by psychologists
that are trained and experienced in the delivery of preventive,
assessment, diagnostic, and intervention services relative to the
psychological and physical health of consumers based on: 1) having
completed scientific and professional training resulting in a doctoral
degree in psychology; 2) having completed an internship and supervised
experience in health care settings; and 3) having been licensed
or certified in their state as psychologists at the independent
practice level .
Work - This is a practice specialty of the social work
profession. Its purposes are to (1) diagnose and treat bio-psychological
disability and impairment, including mental and emotional disorders
and developmental disabilities; (2) achieve optimal prevention of
bio-psychosocial dysfunction; and (3) support and enhance bio-psychosocial
strengths and functioning. Its practice includes interventions
that are not limited to assessment and diagnosis, crisis intervention,
psychosocial and psycho-educational interventions, and brief and
long-term psychotherapies. Individuals in this profession
hold a graduate (Master’s or Doctoral) degree in social work and
have the appropriate clinical experience to become licensed for
practice in their state.
Students - Compensation in the form of salary is allowable
for students engaging in meaningful research which provides rigorous
educational experiences in research methods under the supervision
of a faculty member. The student must be performing necessary
work that contributes to the general knowledge of a minority health
issue under investigation which involves a bona fide employer-employee
relationship between the student and the institution for the work
performed. The student would be compensated at a level commensurate
with that normally paid for such work. (See "Compensation
of Students", page 7-13 of the PHS Grants Policy Statement.)
Professions School - Means a school of medicine, osteopathic
medicine, dentistry and pharmacy, or a graduate program in behavioral
or mental health as defined in section 736(g) of the PHS Act as
Providing Financial Assistance - Will be evaluated by examining
the data on scholarships and other financial aid provided by the
applicant’s school to the targeted group in relation to the scholarships
and financial aid provided to the total school population.
Recruiting Students - Will be evaluated by examining the
first-year and total enrollments of targeted students in relation
to the first-year and total enrollments for the entire school.
Retaining Students - Will be determined by retention rates
for the targeted group; and the academic and non-academic support
systems operative for the target group of students at the school.
in Behavioral or Mental Health - Means a graduate program
in clinical or counseling psychology, clinical social work, marriage
and family therapy, or professional counseling (professional counseling
is defined as mental health counseling, gerontological counseling,
and rehabilitation counseling).
of Excellence - Any designated health professions school
that gives priority to identifying and facilitating the educational
preparation and entry of Hispanic students into the health professions.
The school must agree to establish arrangements with 1 or
more public or nonprofit community based Hispanic serving organizations,
or public or nonprofit private institutions of higher education,
including schools of nursing, whose enrollment of students has traditionally
included a significant number of Hispanic individuals. The school
shall draw upon these arrangements in order to carry out its recruitment
Marriage and Family
Therapy - Individuals in this specialty are mental health
professionals trained in psychotherapy and family systems who diagnose
and treat mental and emotional disorders within the context of marriage,
couples, and family systems. Marriage and Family Therapists
have graduate training (a Master’s or Doctoral degree) in marriage
and family therapy and at least two years of clinical experience.
Due to the dearth of URM students enrolled in graduate programs
in marriage and family therapy, at this time these programs are
encouraged to build the competitive applicant pool by linking with
an eligible COE applicant.
to Health Professions
The ultimate goal of the
program is to strengthen the national capacity to produce a healthcare
workforce that includes clinicians, researchers and faculty members
whose diversity is representative of the U.S. population.
Funding for this grant program
will provide direct financial assistance to elementary, middle and
high schools, community colleges, colleges and universities, public
and private non-profit entities (such as community and faith-based
organizations, and national, regional, or local organizations),
tribes, tribal organizations, and health or education professional
organizations to increase the interest and pursuit of health or
allied careers among URM and disadvantaged students.