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U.S. National Institutes of Health National Cancer Institute

Historical Landmark Studies in End Results

End Results in cancer have been evaluated by clinicians, epidemiologists, and health service researchers in various ways, including patterns of care, quality of life, years of survival, and the chance of developing a second malignancy. The trends in cancer survival and mortality, along with incidence, cost/economics, and policy, provide critical benchmarks by which the cancer research enterprise in the United States can measure the progress made against this disease.