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Emergency Preparedness: Tornado Response and Recovery


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Tornados can damage collections in many ways. Books and papers may be blown from shelving and desks. Collections may be scattered, damaged and soiled. Roofs may blow off and walls and buildings may collapse, burying collections under dirt, beams, furniture and yard debris, or leaving collections exposed and vulnerable to wind, rain and snow. Structural collapse may cause fire damage to collections due to broken gas and power lines, as well as water damage from fire hoses and sprinklers, or broken water or sewer pipes. Collections may be recovered from damage if appropriate measures are taken. Dry collections may be salvaged and cleaned of soil, wet collections may be frozen to prevent mold growth, and broken book bindings, photographs and papers can be boxed or treated by professional conservators.

For more information, see the following links:

Recommendations are compiled here to provide a convenient, efficient access to key concepts for reducing risks and responding to or recovering from emergencies. These suggestions are general, and based on good practice in libraries, archives, museums, and other collections-holding institutions. They may be superseded by requirements of a specific institution or emergency, or by the instructions of civil defense or other emergency responders.

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