Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed by the United
States and Mexico on February 2, 1848, ending the Mexican
War and extending the boundaries of the United States by
over 525,000 square miles. In addition to establishing
the Rio Grande as the border between the two countries,
the territory acquired by the U.S. included what will become
the states of Texas, California, Nevada, Utah, most of
New Mexico and Arizona, and parts of Colorado and Wyoming.
In exchange Mexico received fifteen million dollars in
compensation for the territory and the U.S. agreed to assume
claims from private citizens of these areas against the
Congress Web Site | External Web
Sites | Selected
Lincoln Papers at the Library of Congress
Lincoln gave a speech to Congress on the Mexican
War on January 12, 1848. Search
Lincoln's Papers using the phrase "Mexican
War" to find additional documents on this subject.
American Time Capsule: Three Centuries of Broadsides
and Other Printed Ephemera
Contains a copy of President
James Polk's proclamation on the Mexican War from
May 13, 1846, as well as an article from the Mobile
Daily Advertiser on the Mexican War and a telegraph announcing
that Mexico City was captured and an armistice was
Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation
James Polk submitted to Congress on May 11, 1846,
his reasons for declaring war on Mexico. Within two
days, the Senate and
of Representatives formally voted to declare war,
and President Polk signed the declaration
into law. Upon completion of a peace treaty nearly
two years later, the Senate
ratified the Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty by a vote
of 38 to 14 on March 10, 1848. Additional information
on the Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty and the Mexican War
can be found by searching in
the 29th and 30th Congress.
Issued in 1848, House
Executive Document No. 60 reprinted all of President Polk's messages
on the Mexican War.
Includes a map
of the Mexican War campaign in Mexico by Alvino
Herrera. To view additional maps of the Mexican War, search this
collection using the phrase "Mexican War."
for the Nation, American Sheet Music, ca. 1820-1860
this collection using the phrase "Mexican
War" to view the sheet music for over fifty songs
written about the war.
Nineteenth Century in Print: Periodicals
United States Democratic Review published an article
on the Mexican War in April 1847. Additional articles
written on the Mexican War can be found by searching on
the phrase "Mexican War."
Back in Time: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Was Signed
In Mexico City.
In honor of the 150th anniversary of the treaty signing,
the Library of Congress created an online presentation
on the Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty. It includes page images
of the original treaty housed in the Library of Congress
Manuscript Division and the area map used during the
negotiations from the Geography and Map Division.
General Zachary Taylor defeated a detachment of the
Mexican army in a two-day battle at Palo Alto and Resaca
de la Palma on May 8, 1846.
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed in Mexico
City on February 2, 1848.
The Battle of Buena Vista was won by the United States
on February 23, 1847. General Zachary Taylor, future
president of the United States, was the commander of
American troops in this victory over Mexican General
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna.
Military History, Chapter 8: The Mexican War and After,
Center of Military History, U.S. Army
Diplomacy: 1848-1861, The Avalon Project at Yale
Documents, Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, National Archives
and Records Administration
with Documents: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, National
Archives and Records Administration
Mexican War (1846-1848), PBS
Mahin, Dean B. Olive Branch and Sword:
The United States and Mexico, 1845-1848. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co.,
Ohrt, Wallace. Defiant Peacemaker:
Nicholas Trist in the Mexican War. College Station, Tex.: Texas A&M University
Press, 1997. [Catalog
Drexler, Robert W. Guilty of Making
Peace: A Biography of Nicholas P. Trist. Lanham: University Press of America,
Griswold del Castillo, Richard. The
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: A Legacy of Conflict. Norman: University of Oklahoma
Press, 1990. [Catalog
Frazier, Donald S., ed. The United
States and Mexico at War: Nineteenth-Century Expansionism
and Conflict. New
York: Macmillan Reference USA, 1998. [Catalog
Johannsen, Robert Walter. To the
Halls of the Montezumas: The Mexican War in the American
Imagination. New York:
Oxford University Press, 1985. [Catalog
Carey, Charles W., Jr. The Mexican
War: "Mr. Polk's
War". Berkeley Heights, N.J.: Enslow Publishers, 2002.
Mills, Bronwyn. U.S.-Mexican War. New York: Facts On File,
Nardo, Don. The Mexican-American
War. San Diego, Calif.:
Lucent Books, 1999. [Catalog