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Type of antimicrobial agent made from a mold or a bacterium that kills, or slows the growth of other microbes, specifically bacteria. Examples
include penicillin and streptomycin.
term for the drugs, chemicals, or other substances that either kill or slow the growth
of microbes. Among the antimicrobial agents in use today are
antibacterial drugs (which kill bacteria), antiviral agents
(which kill viruses), antifungal agents (which kill fungi), and antiparisitic drugs (which kill parasites).
Antimicrobial resistance is the result of microbes changing in
ways that reduce or eliminate the effectiveness of drugs, chemicals, or other agents to
cure or prevent infections.
Bacteria are single-celled organisms that live in and around us. Bacteria may be helpful, but
in certain conditions may cause illnesses such as strep throat, most ear infections, and
The singular form of bacteria.
Drug resistance is the
result of microbes changing in ways that reduce or eliminate the
effectiveness of drugs, chemicals, or other agents to cure or prevent infections.
The study of the spread of
diseases. Epidemiologists are often sent to investigate outbreaks.
Single-celled or multicellular organisms. Fungi can be either opportunistic pathogens (such as aspergillosis, candidiasis, and cryptococcosis)
that cause infections in immunocompromised persons (including cancer patients, transplant
recipients, and persons with AIDS) or pathogens (such as the endemic mycoses,
histoplasmosis and coccidioidomycosis, and superficial mycoses) that cause infections in
healthy persons. Fungi are also used for the development of antibiotics, antitoxins, and other drugs used to control various
The process or procedure by which a subject (person, animal, or
plant) is rendered immune, or resistant to a specific disease.
This term is often used interchangeably with vaccination or
inoculation, although the act of inoculation does not always
result in immunity.
An invasion of an organism by a pathogen
such as bacteria or viruses.
Some infections lead to disease.
Long-term care facility
A long-term care
facility is a facility that provides rehabilitative, restorative, and/or ongoing skilled
nursing care to patients or residents in need of assistance with activities of daily
living. Long-term care facilities include nursing homes, rehabilitation facilities,
inpatient behavioral health facilities, and long-term chronic care hospitals.
small that a microscope is required to see them. Microbes are also called microorganisms.
Referring to an infection acquired by a patient while in a hospital.
Any living thing. Organisms include
humans, animals, plants, bacteria, protozoa, and fungi.
Any organism that lives in or on another organism without benefiting the
host organism; commonly refers to pathogens, most commonly in reference to protozoans
viruses, parasites, or fungi that can cause disease.
systematic collection and analysis of data. The data may lead to actions taken to prevent
and control an infectious disease.
A strand of DNA or RNA in a protein coat
that must get inside a living cell to grow and reproduce. Viruses cause many types of
illness; for example, varicella virus causes chickenpox, and the human immunodeficiency
virus (HIV) causes the acquired immune deficiency syndrome, or AIDS.