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Jaundice / Kernicterus - Terms
Kernicterus > Terms

Athetoid cerebral palsy: brain damage that causes uncontrollable
movement in the face, body, arms, and legs Click here to read more more...

Bilirubin: a part of the red blood cell that is left after the cell dies; too much bilirubin can cause jaundice

Bilirubin nomogram: a graph that helps doctors estimate risk based on bilirubin level and baby’s age in hours

Exchange transfusion: process of removing and replacing blood

Hyperbilirubinemia: too much bilirubin

G6PD deficiency: an inherited disease that causes red blood cells to be destroyed quickly and can cause jaundice in newborns

Kernicterus: a type of brain damage that includes athetoid cerebral palsy, hearing loss, and problems with vision and teeth

Jaundice: yellowing of the skin and eyes caused by too much bilirubin in the blood

Mental retardation: below average intelligence Click here to read more more...

Opisthotonos: arching of the baby’s body; the head leans backwards and the back is bowed (see photo) Opisthotonos

Phototherapy: special lights that help get rid of bilirubin; may be delivered through a blanket or light source around the baby’s incubator or bassinet

Total serum bilirubin (TSB): bilirubin level measured from a blood sample

Transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB): screening of bilirubin level measured with a light meter

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Date: March 28, 2007
Content source: National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities

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