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Jaundice / Kernicterus - Risk Factors
Kernicterus > Risk Factors

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High levels of bilirubin are toxic to the developing newborn's central nervous system. In full-term infants, acute symptoms of severe hyperbilirubinemia include extreme jaundice and neurologic abnormalities in level of consciousness, tone and movement, and brain stem function, particularly in relation to feeding and crying.  Click here to read more more


Jaundice within the first 24 hours after birth
A sibling who received phototherapy as a newborn
Unrecognized hemolysis such as ABO blood type incompatibility or Rh incompatibility
Non-optimal sucking/nursing or exclusive breastfeeding
Deficiency in glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD)
Infant born early, especially late preterm births (34-37 weeks)
East-Asian or Mediterranean descent

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Date: March 28, 2007
Content source: National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities

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