Skip Navigation Home | About CDC | Press Room | Funding | A-Z Index | Centers, Institute & Offices | Training & Employment | Contact Us
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Home Page
horizontal line  

Sickle Cell Disease
Sickle Cell Disease home > Healthcare Professionals
Heath Care Professionals: Data & Statistics

Sickle cell disease affects millions of people throughout the world and is particularly common among those whose ancestors come from sub-Saharan Africa, Spanish-speaking regions in the Western Hemisphere (South America, the Caribbean, and Central America), Saudi Arabia, India, and Mediterranean countries such as Turkey, Greece, and Italy.

In the United States1

  • More than 70,000 people have sickle cell disease.
  • Sickle cell disease occurs in 1 in every 500 African American births.
  • 2 million people have sickle cell trait.
  • 1 in 12 African Americans has sickle cell trait.

Did you know?

Sickle cell disease occurs more often in people from parts of the world where malaria is or was common. It is believed that people who carry the sickle cell trait are less likely to catch malaria.

The Cost to Society2

  • Sickle cell disease is a major public health concern. From 1989 through 1993, there were an average of 75,000 hospitalizations due to sickle cell disease in the United States, costing approximately $475 million.

1. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Institute of Health. Sickle cell anemia: Who is at risk? Available at Accessed November 3, 2006.

2. Ashley-Koch, A., et al. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sickle Hemoglobin (HbS) Allele and Sickle Cell Disease. American Journal of Genetics. May 1, 2000. Accessed March 26, 2007.


horizontal line
Topic Contents
 arrow Sickle Cell Disease Home
 arrow Facts About Sickle Cell Disease
  arrow Facts About Sickle Cell Trait
  arrow Tips for Healthy Living
  arrow Links to Resources
arrow Health Care Professionals
arrow Data & Statistics
arrow Recommendations
arrow Materials for Patients
arrow Publications
arrow References
arrow CDC Activities
horizontal line
Quick Links:
Blood Disorders
Minority Health
Public Health Genomics
Women's Health

Contact Info

Thank you for visiting the CDC-NCBDDD Web site. Click here to contact the National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities

We are not able to answer personal medical questions. Please see your health care provider concerning appropriate care, treatment, or other medical advice.

Key Resources

National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities

National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities




    Home   |   Policies and Regulations   |   Disclaimer   |   e-Government   |  FOIA   |  Contact Us  
 Safer, Healthier People  FirstGovDHHS Department of Health
and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,1600 Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA 30333, U.S.A
Public Inquiries: 1-800-CDC-INFO (232-4636); 1-888-232-6348 (TTY), 24 Hours/Every Day -