National Surveys that Collect Information
about Alcohol Consumption
- Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
World’s largest telephone survey that tracks health behaviors,
chronic diseases, and preventive health practices among
non-institutionalized adults in the United States. It collects data on
current drinking; the number of drinking days; average number of drinks
per occasion; maximum number of drinks consumed per drinking occasion;
and frequency of binge drinking.
- Youth Risk
Behavior Survey (YRBS)
Monitors six categories of priority health-risk behaviors among high
school youth at the national, state, and local levels. This biennial
survey specifically collects data on age at first drink of alcohol,
frequency of drinking, frequency of binge drinking, drinking on school
property, and drinking associated with other behaviors, such as driving
and sexual activity.
- National Health
Interview Survey (NHIS)
Multi-purpose health survey that monitors the health of the
non-institutionalized adults and children in the United States. This
survey collects information on a broad range of health topics, including
current alcohol use and binge drinking among adults.
- National Health and
Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)
Collects health and nutrition data through interviews and health
examinations of the civilian, non-institutionalized U.S. population. The
survey specifically collects information on age of first drink, lifetime
alcohol use, current alcohol use, and binge drinking.
- Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS)
collects state-specific, population-based data on maternal attitudes and
experiences among women two to six months after having a live birth.
This survey collects information on alcohol consumption before, during,
and shortly after pregnancy.
Pregnancy Nutrition Surveillance System (PNSS)
Monitors risk factors associated with infant mortality and poor birth
outcomes among low-income pregnant women participating in federally
funded public health programs. This survey collects data on current
alcohol use before and during pregnancy.
Other National Surveys
National Survey on Drug Use and Health (formerly the National
Household Survey on Drug Abuse)
In-home survey that gathers information on mental health and
substance abuse, from non-institutionalized persons aged 12 years and
older. Collects data on the use of alcohol and illicit drugs, as well as
symptoms of substance abuse or dependence.
- National Longitudinal Alcohol Epidemiologic Survey
Collects longitudinal data on the prevalence of alcohol abuse and
dependence associated with disabilities. Data collected include detailed
measures of alcohol consumption, patterns of use, and consequences of
- National Epidemiologic Survey
on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC)
Longitudinal survey of alcohol use disorders and associated disabilities
among the non-institutionalized household adults, 18 years and older
residing in the United States. The survey assesses alcohol use disorders and disabilities in the general population and
provides information related to treatment.
- Monitoring the Future Survey*
Ongoing and long-term system that collects data on the behaviors,
attitudes, and values regarding substance use of American adolescents,
college students, and adults. Each year a total of approximately 50,000
students in 8th, 10th, and 12th grade are surveyed about
substance use, including alcohol consumption, and a subset are sent
follow-up questionnaires through age 45 years.
- National Alcohol Survey*
Series of national surveys that collect information on a variety of
alcohol issues including drinking practices, problems, attitudes, and
community response. The survey is usually conducted every five years.
Alcohol Epidemiologic Data Directory* (PDF–400K)
List of national and special population surveys and data sets available
for epidemiologic analysis of alcohol consumption.
One or more documents on this Web page is available in Portable Document Format
(PDF). You will need Acrobat
Reader to view and print these documents.
* Links to non-Federal organizations are
provided solely as a service to our users. Links do not constitute an
endorsement of any organization by CDC or the Federal Government, and none
should be inferred. The CDC is not responsible for the content of the individual
organization Web pages found at this link.
Page last reviewed: August 6, 2008
Page last modified: August 6, 2008
Content source: Division of Adult and Community Health,
National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and