Caroline and Erwin Swann Foundation for Caricature
Swann Foundation Fellowships Awarded 1999-present
The Swann Foundation Fellowship program at
the Library of Congress Prints & Photographs
Division in Washington, D.C., has awarded study
grants since 1999. This list of funded projects
indicates the impressive breadth of research
topics that can be explored through the Library’s
collections. For more information, please visit
the Caroline and Erwin Swann Foundation for
Caricature and Cartoon web site at http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/swann/.
Note: An asterisk indicates the fully funded
fellowship projects where the Library's cartoon
collections were the core research resource.
"Transatlantic Encounters: Franco-American Exchanges in the Civil War and Reconstruction era."
Marie-Stéphanie Delamaire, a doctoral candidate in art history and archaeology at Columbia University, explores the influence of French academic painting traditions on the work of Thomas Nast, a predominant 19th century American political cartoonist, who collected prints of such leading French painters as Paul Delaroche and Jean Léon Gérôme.
"A Colorful Union: Patriotic Caricature and Characterization in Henry Louis Stephens’ Civil War Chromolithographs"
Mazie Harris, a doctoral candidate in the history of art at Brown University, analyzes the vacillation between caricature and characterization in two chromolithographic series created by Henry Louis Stephens, with the aim of clarifying his struggle to portray race relations as a motivation for the Union cause.
"'Transatlantic Realms': The Idea of America in the British Literary Imagination"
Jared Richman, a doctoral candidate in the Department of English at the University of Pennsylvania, investigates prints in the Library’s collection of British satires as a means of illuminating the conceptual treatment of America during the period before, during, and after the Revolutionary War.
"A Nabob’s Progress: Graphic Satire, The Grand Master and British Excess, 1770-1830"
Christina Smylitopoulos, a doctoral candidate in art history and communication studies at McGill University, strengthens the broad art historical context for the figure of the nabob (a provincial governor in the Mogul empire in India, also often a person of great wealth or prominence) by conducting research in the Library’s outstanding holdings of British satires.
"Dangerous Domestics: Satirical Depiction of Wives in English Prints from 1745 to 1821"
Veronica White, who completed her doctorate in art history at Columbia University in the summer of 2008, initiates a postdoctoral research project on identifying and analyzing the varied artistic treatments of married women during the Golden Age of British satire through exploration of the Library’s rich collection.
"Where Have You Gone, Miss Columbia? American Identity and Uncle Sam's Forgotten Partner."
Ellen Berg, an affiliate assistant professor in the department of history at the University of Maryland, researches the emergence and rise of Miss Columbia as a national symbol in political cartoons and other popular visual imagery from the colonial period through the 19th century and World War I, after which, she contends that Americans’ relationship with this beloved symbolic figure changed.
"Routine Extremism: Ad Reinhardt and American Art"
Prudence Peiffer, a doctoral candidate in the History of Art at Harvard University investigates modernist painter Ad Reinhardt's little-known cartoon collages of Adolph Hitler published in the leftist journal The New Masses and PM newspaper and his "How to Look at Modern Art" cartoons published in Art Journal and argues that his earlier overlooked work shaped the formation of his unique system of radical aesthetics.
Fantasy, Longing, and Commodity Culture in
the Work of Winsor McCay
Katherine (Kerry) Roeder, a doctoral candidate
in art history at the University of Delaware,
analyzes cartoonist virtuoso Winsor McCay’s
work in relation to his times, specifically
in relation to absorption with dream and fantasy
in the rapidly expanding consumer culture of
early 20th century America.
Caricature representations of Irish-American
immigrants during the 1830s-1860s
Dr. Sharrona Pearl, Lecturer, Committee on
Degrees in History and Literature, Harvard
University, draws on her training in the history
of science and her expertise in physiognomy
to explore caricature representations of Irish
immigrants in the United States before, during,
and after the Irish potato famine.
Staging the Page: Graphic Satire
in Eighteenth Century England
Hope Saska, doctoral candidate in the history
of art at Brown University, investigates the
relationship between caricature and theater
in late eighteenth and early nineteenth century
Britain by developing the idea that printed
satires were “theatrical” representations
and that such prints played a role in forging
general character types as well as caricatures
of recognizable individuals.
Romeyn de Hooghe and the Birth of Political
Meredith Hale, a doctoral candidate in art
history at Columbia University, acknowledges
that the origins of political cartooning are
often associated with prints produced in 18th
century England by artists such as William
Hogarth and James Gillray. She contends, however,
that the earliest stages of the genre can be
found in the late 17th century in the northern
Netherlands in the work of Dutch printmaker
Romeyn de Hooghe (1645-1708). In her study
of his large, beautifully executed prints she
explicates de Hooghe’s political satires
that combine striking imagery and texts that
comment on both foreign and domestic events
of his day.
Contemporary Graphic Narratives: History,
In research for her dissertation, Hillary Chute,
a doctoral candidate in English at Rutgers
University, focuses on historically based graphic
narratives such as Art Spiegelman’s Maus
and Joe Sacco’s Palestine and employs
narrative and visual theory and postmodern
literary theory in order to illuminate how
they are powerfully political and aesthetic
works. She argues that the flexible architecture
of these and other postmodern graphic narratives’ pages,
their consonant and sometimes dissonant verbal
and visual narratives embody, theorize, and
dramatize the issue of representation itself.
The Many Faces of Edward Gorey
Amy Robin Hoffman, a candidate for a master’s
degree in English at the University of Connecticut,
explores Gorey’s dual roles as a writer
and artist, investigates his work in caricature,
and gives special attention to the artist’s
portrayals of himself.
Studies in Landscape Representation: Interrelations
Nicole Tucker Keith, a candidate for a master’s
degree in landscape architecture at the Harvard
School of Design, proposes an analysis of how
artists’ representations of landscape
in comics work within their sequences of imagery
and how such representations relate to landscape
architects’ approaches to landscape in
Embracing the Specter of Communism: The
Art and Activism of Hugo Gellert *
In doctoral and post-doctoral research on Hugo
Gellert (1892-1985), American muralist and
graphic artist, James Wechsler centers on the
area of cartoon and caricature in this long
overlooked artist’s life and art. In
the first major study of Gellert’s life
and work, Wechsler incorporates research on
drawings and prints in the Library’s
Ben and Beatrice Goldstein Foundation Collection
and Willner Collection of graphic art. He completed
a doctorate in art history at the City University
of New York in 2003.
Osamu Tezuka: Manga as a Site of Inter-Art
Discourse in Postwar Japan (1945-1960)
Natsu Onoda, a doctoral candidate in Performance
Studies at Northwestern University, examines
the early works of Osamu Tezuka (1928-1989)
in her analysis of manga’s development
during Japan’s postwar era in relation
to the cultural, social, and political climate
of the time. Tezuka is commonly identified
as the inventor of modern manga.
‘Il bello dal deforme’:
Form and Subject in Seventeenth Century Italian
In her dissertation research, Sandra Cheng,
a doctoral candidate in art history at the
University of Delaware, explores the connection
between artistic training at the16th century
Carracci Academy in Bologna, the contemporary
curiosity in the monstrous, and the beginnings
of caricature in modern Italy. Cheng’s
research entailed study and analysis of early
caricaturists’ work in rare prints housed
in the Library’s Prints and Photographs
Division and the Rare Books Division.
‘The Old Negro’:
Race and Representation in Post Bellum America
Martha Nadel’s post-doctoral research
features images of the “Old Negro” in
popular visual and literary culture of the
early post bellum era and the later transformation
of such imagery. Nadel focused on 19th century
representations of blackness, especially cartoons
and caricatures published as illustrations
in books and magazines, and found many relevant
drawings and prints in collections of the Library’s
Prints and Photographs Division. She completed
her doctorate in the History of American Civilization
at Harvard University in 2000.
Germs, Genes, and Dissent: Images of
Radicalism and Disease in the Construction
of American National Identity *
Chloe Burke, a doctoral student in history
at the University of Michigan, employed political
cartooning and other visual media in her dissertation
research to interrogate the ways that discourses
of illness and health were integral to the
construction of modern American identity in
terms of health and fitness, and radicalism
as disease and degeneracy. Her analysis of
bold cartoon drawings in the Library’s
Prints and Photographs Division’s collections
supported points made in her dissertation.
Burke completed her doctorate in 2004.
The Limits of Irreverence: Irony and
Liberal Satire in American Culture, 1950-1964
Stephen Kercher’s dissertation explores
American cartooning during the Cold War era
and includes analyses of work by luminaries
such as Herbert Block (1909-2001), Walt Kelly
(1913-1973), Bill Mauldin (1921-2003), Al Capp
(1909-1979), and Robert Osborn (1904-1994).
Kercher studied examples from the Library’s
significant holdings of these cartoonists’ original
work in his research when he was a Ph.D. candidate
in both History and American Studies at Indiana
Caricature and Artistic Identity: Peggy Bacon
As a PhD candidate in art history at Case Western
Reserve University, Sara F. Meng aimed through
her dissertation research to produce the
first detailed biography of Peggy Bacon (1895-1987),
a leading American caricaturist of the 1920s
and 1930s, whose artistic achievement in
its cultural context, has, until recently
has been overlooked. The Library holds original
drawings, prints, and other materials by
and about the artist.
The Arts of Abolition: Enlightenment, Agitation
and Representation in Britain,
Sarah Parsons, a doctoral candidate in the
history of art and architecture at the University
of California, Santa Barbara, focused her dissertation
research on imagery by creators of “high
art” and popular graphic art during public
debates in Britain on slavery, the slave trade,
and black personhood. Relevant to this is the
Library’s outstanding collection of British
satires, one of the finest assemblages of these
rare prints in North America.