Recommendations for Preventing Lead Poisoning among the Internally Displaced Roma Population in Kosovo from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2007) (PDF) - Lead exposure is a continuing urgent health problem for Roma in Kosovo. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations International Children’s’ Emergency Fund (UNICEF) have collaborated in blood lead surveillance of the Roma children living in refugee camps in Kosovo. This document includes recommendations.
Addendum: Following the release of the MMWR, "Blood Lead Levels in Residents of Homes with Elevated Lead in Tap Water -- District of Columbia, 2004", some reports have suggested erroneously that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has determined that lead in residential tap water at concentrations as high as 300 parts per billion is ‘safe’. CDC would like to reiterate the key message from the 2004 article that because no threshold for adverse health effects in young children has been demonstrated (no safe blood level has been identified), all sources of lead exposure for children should be controlled or eliminated. Lead concentrations in drinking water should be below the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency’s action level of 15 parts per billion.
Last updated: 04/23/2008