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Surveillance, monitoring and tracking disease outbreaks helps health officials allocate resources effectively and efficiently. Epidemiologists use monitoring data to predict where and how disease might spread. It is important to know where disease outbreaks not only begin in the world, but also how and where they might spread in the United States. A primary goal of avian flu monitoring is to identify any outbreak of human-to-human transmission quickly so health officials can attempt to contain and control the outbreak.
Map of Confirmed Cases
United States Monitoring
Interagency Screening Plan: An Early Detection System for Highly Pathogenic H5N1 Avian Influenza in Wild Migratory Birds
The interagency strategic plan, developed by wildlife disease biologists, veterinarians and epidemiologists, provides a unified national system for conducting H5N1 HPAI monitoring of wild migratory birds throughout the United States. The plan serves as a guide to all federal, state, university and non-governmental organizations involved in avian influenza monitoring by providing standard procedures and strategies for data sampling, diagnostics, and management.
News Release August 9, 2006 [En Español]
Fact Sheet August 9, 2006 [En Español]
News Release March 20, 2006
Plan Fact Sheet March 2006
Related Information Fact Sheet
Interagency Screening Plan Document
Researchers find that the spread of yearly flu epidemics in an area within the US is closely connected with people going to and from work.
Get updates on bird flu outbreaks, news, and resources.
Database contains data collected from live wild birds, hunter-killed birds, sentinel species, morbidity and mortality events, and environmental sampling. It can generate reports, graphs and maps, and spatial modeling can be used.
Describes current research and the potential movement of H5N1 to Alaska.
This fact sheets provides definitions, a historical perspective and activities by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the U.S. Department of the Interior to detect the HPAI H5N1 virus in wild migratory birds.
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- Virus Sample Sharing
Commitment by all countries to share virus samples and data freely and at the earliest possible opportunity is essential.
Statistics are given by country and by year, for both number of cases and number of deaths.
Read about avian influenza situation updates as they occur, listed by country and by date.
View a graph of avian influenza outbreaks in poultry by country from the end of 2003 to the present.
- Epidemiology of Human H5N1 Cases Reported to WHO (World Health Organization)
Analysis of epidemiological data on laboratory-confirmed H5N1 cases officially reported to WHO.
The protocol has four main parts: recognition of the signal or "triggering" event; immediate actions following recognition of the signal; actions that should be undertaken once the event has been verified, the overall situation has been assessed, and a decision has been made to launch the rapid containment operation; and information about the deployment of the global antiviral stockpile.
The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) is increasing funding for poor countries' preparations for a potential avian influenza pandemic, with funds earmarked to strengthen surveillance, train and equip first responders, and teach farmers and bird sellers what they can do to reduce the spread of the disease.
Review a chronology of avian influenza outbreaks in animals and humans from 1996 to the present.
Learn about the WHO global influenza surveillance network comprising four WHO Collaboration Centres and 112 institutions in 83 countries.
Read about the European Union's surveillance network comprising roughly 13,000 physicians and covering a total population of 464 million inhabitants.
Epidemiology is the study of distribution and determinants of disease in a population. Read about cases and outbreaks and how they affect public health.
Read the latest official reports on test results for avian influenza, arranged by country, followed by virus type, and then by date.
Learn about research on animal influenza viruses with the goal of understanding why and how they infect humans
Access a list of resources on avian influenza.
Learn how U.S. and International agencies in the GAINS program use satellites to monitor birds for Avian Influenza.
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Avian Influenza Testing
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