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Statistics & Lists

The United States Senate, A.D. 1850.

The Statistics page features lists related to Senate business, including lists regarding political parties and leadership.

Is it true that...

The first page of the United States Constitution

The Senate passed a resolution on September 16, 1987 stating that the U.S. Constitution was explicitly modeled upon the Iroquois Constitution?

The answer is no.

Virtual Reference Desk

John Langdon

The Virtual Reference Desk (VRD) organizes information by subject and provides links to related materials.

President Pro Tempore is one of more than 50 VRD categories. The President Pro Tempore is a constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the vice president. In 1789 John Langdon became the first president pro tempore.


Transcripts of hearings may be available on a committee Web site, from the Government Printing Office, or from a federal depository library.  Learn how to find Committee Hearings.

Many of the books listed on senate.gov can be found at your local public library or a government depository library, or can be purchased on the Web or from a bookstore.  This guide will help you get started.  

You need a bill or public law number to check the status of or request a copy of legislation. This How to guide will assist you.