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Dr. G.I. Jones conducts tests in determination of
vitamin B complex in dehydrated vegetables, 1942.

Wartime food demonstration

Wartime food demonstrationon on
the importance of vitamins, 1943.

Vitamins and Minerals

Tracer Bullet 00-1

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Vitamins and minerals are an important component of human nutrition. Although vitamins were not discovered until the early part of the 20th century, the effects of deficiencies were recognized much earlier in diseases such as scurvy and rickets. In 1753, Dr. James Lind published his Treatise on Scurvy, which is generally recognized as the first controlled clinical trial in medical nutritional research. Dr. Lind's study demonstrated that scurvy could be controlled by adding lemons to the diet of British sailors whose rations contained no fresh fruits or vegetables. In effect, the trial demonstrated that Vitamin C could prevent scurvy, although this vitamin was not actually identified until 1928.

The term "vitamine" was first proposed in 1912 by the Polish chemist Casimir Funk, in his landmark paper on vitamin theory, which synthesized existing research and paved the way for developments in the field. Working with pigeons who were fed a diet of rice hulls, Funk was able to show the existence of a substance, later known as thiamine, which could cure beriberi. Because this compound was an amine, Funk coined the term "vitamine" to describe a set of amines essential for life. When further research showed that not all vitamins were amines, the term was shortened to vitamin.

As vitamins were identified over the next decades, they came to be viewed as essential elements in maintaining good health and in treating diseases of deficiency. Synthesized vitamins became widely available, and were increasingly added to a variety of foods as well as being formulated in tablets and capsules. The one-a-day vitamin and mineral supplement, introduced in 1940, quickly gained widespread popularity, especially in the United States, where, by 1997, an estimated half of the population was taking a vitamin supplement on a regular basis. Today we recognize approximately 13 vitamins or vitamin groups, as well as 7 major minerals and 10 trace elements, and our understanding of these compounds continues to evolve as we become increasingly aware of their complex nature.

This guide provides an introduction to the wide range of literature on vitamins and minerals in the collections of the Library of Congress. Not intended to be a comprehensive bibliography, this guide is designed – as the name of the series implies – to put the reader "on target."



Cataldo, Corinne Balog, Linda Kelly DeBruyne, and Eleanor Noss Whitney. The vitamins. In their Nutrition and diet therapy: principles and practice. 5th ed. Belmont, CA, West/Wadsworth Publishing Co., c1999. p. 137-171.
   Bibliography: p. 166-167.
   RM216.C36 1999 <SciRR>

Cataldo, Corinne Balog, Linda Kelly DeBruyne, and Eleanor Noss Whitney. Water and minerals. In their Nutrition and diet therapy: principles and practice. 5th ed. Belmont, CA, West/Wadsworth Publishing Co., c1999. p. 173-199.
   Bibliography: p. 198-199.
   RM216.C36 1999 <SciRR>

Encyclopedia of human nutrition. 2nd ed. Edited by Michele Sadler. v. 3. San Diego, Academic Press, 1999. 1973p.
   See especially entries for individual vitamins and minerals, e.g., "Vitamin B6": p. 1916-1925, and "Ultratrace elements": p. 1884-1897.
   QP141.E526 1999 <SciRR>

Krause's food, nutrition & diet therapy. 10th ed. Edited by L. Kathleen Mahan and Sylvia Escott-Stump. Philadelphia, W.B. Saunders, c2000. 1194 p.
   Includes bibliographical references
   See especially "Vitamins": p. 67-109 and "Minerals": p. 110-152.
   RM216.M285 2000 <SciRR>

USP DI : Advice for the patient. 18th ed. v. 2. Rockville, MD, United States Pharmacopeial Convention, c1998.
1802 p.
   See especially "Vitamin A": p. 1625-1628, "Vitamin B12": p. 1629-1631, "Vitamin D": p.1631-1635, "Vitamin E": p.1635-1638, and "Vitamin K":p. 1638-1641.
   RM300.U83 1998 <SciRR Desk>

Wardlaw, Gordon M. Perspectives in nutrition. Boston, McGraw-Hill, c1999. 1773 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QP141.W38 1999 <SciRR>

Whitney, Eleanor Noss, and Sharon Rady Rolfes. Understanding nutrition. 8th ed. Belmont, CA, West/Wadsworth, c1999. 647 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   See especially "The water-soluble vitamins": p. 290-327, "The fat-soluble vitamins": p. 336-358, "Water and the major minerals": p. 366-395, and "The trace minerals": p. 404-431.
   QP141.W46 1999 <SciRR>



Subject headings used by The Library of Congress, under which books on vitamins and minerals can be located in most card, book, and online catalogs, include the following:

Highly Relevant

   See also specific vitamins, such as "Vitamin A,"Vitamin B Complex," "Vitamin C," etc.
   See also specific minerals such as "Calcium," "Zinc," etc.





More General




Combs, Gerald F. The vitamins: fundamental aspects in nutrition and health. 2nd ed. San Diego, Academic Press, c1998. 618 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QP771.C645 1998 <SciRR>

Complete book of vitamins & minerals. By the Editors of Consumer Guide; Susan Male Smith, and others. Lincolnwood, IL, Publications International, c1996. 384 p.
   QP771.C65 1996 <SciRR>

Encyclopedia of vitamins, minerals and supplements. Tova Navarra and Myron A. Lipkowitz. New York, Facts on File, c1996. 281 p.
   Bibliography: p. 249-254.
   QP771.E53 1996 <SciRR>

The Healing power of vitamins, minerals and herbs. Edited by Wayne Kalyn. Pleasantville, NY, The Reader's Digest Assoc., c1999. 416 p.
   RM259.H424 1999

Reinhard, Tonia. The vitamin sourcebook. Los Angeles, Lowell House, c1998. 299 p.
   Bibliography: p. 285.
   QP771.R45 1998

Williams, Sue Rodwell. Nutrition and diet therapy. 8th ed. St. Louis, Mosby Publishing, c1998. 850 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   See especially "Fat-soluble vitamins": p. 159-179, "Water-soluble vitamins": p. 181-204, and "Minerals": p. 205-250.
   RM216.W684 c1997 <SciRR>



Apple, Rima D. Vitamania: Vitamins in American culture. New Brunswick, NJ, Rutgers University Press, c1996. 245 p.
   Bibliography: p. 199-232.
   QP771.A67 1996

A-Z guide to drug-herb and vitamin interactions. Edited by Schuyler W. Lininger.
   Rocklin, CA, Prima Health, 1999. 464 p.
   RM666.H33D78 1999

Basu, Tapan Kumar. Vitamins in human health and disease. Wallingford, Eng., CAB International, c1996. 345 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QP771.B35 1996

Berdanier, Carolyn D. Advanced nutrition. Boca Raton, CRC Press, c1995. 2v.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Contents: 1. Macronutrients.-- 2. Micronutrients.
   QP141.B52 1995 <SciRR>

Beyond deficiency: new views on the function and health effects of vitamins. Edited by Howerde E. Sauberlich and Lawrence J. Machlin. New York, The New York Academy of Sciences, 1992. 404 p. (Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, v. 669).
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q11.N5 v. 669

Encyclopedia of human biology. Edited by Renato Dulbecco. 2nd ed. v. 8. San Diego, Academic Press, c1997.
   See especially entries for individual vitamins and minerals, e.g. "Vitamin A": p. 735-748, and "Vitamin D": p. 749-762.
   QP11.E53 1997 <SciRR>

Hands, Elizabeth S. Food finder: food sources of vitamins & minerals. 2nd ed. Salem, OR, ESHA Research, c1990. 244 p.
   Bibliography: p. 233-244.
   QP771.H365 1990 <SciRR>

Prevention's healing with vitamins. Edited by Alice Feinstein. Emmaus, PA, Rodale Press, c1996. 593 p.
   RM259.P74 1996 <SciRR>

Sports nutrition: minerals and electrolytes. Edited by Constance V. Kies and Judy A. Driskell. Boca Raton, CRC Press, c1995. 330 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TX361.A8S674 1995

Sports nutrition: vitamins and trace elements. Edited by Ira Wolinsky and Judy A. Driskell. Boca Raton, CRC Press, c1997. 235 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QP771.S68 1997 <SciRR>

The Technology of vitamins in food. Edited by P. Berry Ottaway. London, New York, Blackie Academic & Professional, 1993. 270 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QP771.T43 1993 <SciRR>

Vitamin intake and health: a scientific review. Suzanne Gaby and others. New York, Marcel Dekker, c1991. 217 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QP771.V573 1991 <SciRR>




Vitamin A and the immune function: a symposium. Edited by Chris Kjolhede and William R. Beisel. New York, Haworth Medical Press, c1996. 156 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QP772.V5V555 1996

Vitamin A in health and disease. Edited by Rune Blomhoff. New York, Marcel Dekker, c1994. 677 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QP772.V5V56 1994


Folic acid metabolism in health and disease. Edited by Mary Frances Picciano, E. L. Robert Stokstad, and Jesse F. Gregory. New York, Wiley-Liss, c1990. 299 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QP772.F6F634 1990

Vitamin B-6 metabolism in pregnancy, lactation, and infancy. Edited by Daniel J. Raiten. Boca Raton, CRC Press, c1995. 201 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   RG559.V55 1996


Vitamin C in health and disease. Edited by Lester Packer and Jurgen Fuchs. NewYork, Marcel Dekker, 1997.
538 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QP772.A8V565 1997 <SciRR>

Vitamin C: the state of the art in disease prevention sixty years after the Nobel prize. Edited by R. Paoletti and others. New York, Springer-Verlag, c1998. 133 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QP772.A8V574 1998


Vitamin D. Edited by David Feldman. San Diego, Academic Press, c1997. 1285 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QP772.V53V572 1997

Vitamin D: chemistry, biology and clinical applications of the steroid hormone: proceedings of the Tenth Workshop on Vitamin D. Strasbourg, France, May 24-29, 1997. Edited by Anthony W. Norman, Roger Bouillon, and Monique Thomasset. Riverside, CA, Printing and Reprographics, University of California, 1997. 960 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QP772.V53W67 1997

Vitamin D: molecular biology, physiology, and clinical applications. Edited by Michael F. Holick. Totowa, NJ, Humana Press, c1999. 458 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QP772.V53V585 1999 <SciRR>


Vitamin E in health and disease. Edited by Lester Packer and Jurgen Fuchs. New York, Marcel Dekker, c1993. 1000 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   RM666.T65V58 1992

Vitamin E : its usefulness in health and in curing diseases. Edited by Makoto Mino and others. Tokyo, New York, and Basel, Japan Scientific Societies Press, c1993. 368 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Papers presented at the 1991 international symposium on Vitamin E, Japan, 1991.
   QP772.T6V574 1993


Antioxidant food supplements in human health. Edited by Lester Packer, Midori Hiramutsu, and Toshikazu Yoshikawa. San Diego, Academic Press, c1999. 511 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   RB170.A573 1999 <SciRR>

Antioxidant status, diet, nutrition and health. Edited by Andreas M. Papas. Boca Raton, CRC Press, c1999. 650 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   RB170.A578 1999 <SciRR>

Antioxidants and disease prevention. Edited by Harinder S. Garewal. Boca Raton, CRC Press, c1997. 186 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   RB170.A58 1997

Biological oxidants and antioxidants: molecular mechanisms and health effects. Edited by Lester Packer and Augustine S. H. Ong. Champaign, IL, AOCS Press, c1998. 372 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   RB170.B565 1998

Handbook of antioxidants. Edited by Enrique Cadenas and Lester Packer. New York, Marcel Dekker, c1996. 602p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   RB170.H36 1996

Handbook of synthetic antioxidants. Edited by Lester Packer and Enrique Cadenas. New York, Marcel Dekker, c1997. 442 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   RB170.H367 1997

Larson, Richard A. Naturally occurring antioxidants. Boca Raton, CRC Press, Lewis Publishers, c1997. 195 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   RB170.L37 1997

Oxidants, antioxidants, and free radicals. Edited by Stephen I. Baskin and Harry Salem. Washington, Taylor and Francis, c1997. 364 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   RB170.O945 1997

Packer, Lester, and Carol Colman. The antioxidant miracle: your complete plan for total health and healing. New York, John Wiley & Sons, c1999. 256 p.
   Bibliography: p. 230-248.
   RB170.P33 1999

Smythies, John R. Every person's guide to antioxidants. New Brunswick, NJ, Rutgers University Press, c1998.
140 p.
   Bibliography: p. 113-125.
   RB170.S69 1998 <SciRR>


Calcium and phosphorus in health and disease. Edited by John J. B. Anderson and Sanford C. Garner. Boca Raton, CRC Press, c1996. 395 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QP535.C2C2622 1996

Pierre, Colleen. Calcium in your life. Minneapolis, Chronimed Publishing, c1997. 155 p.
   Bibliography: p. 145-149.
   RM237.56.P54 1997


Manganese in health and disease. Edited by Dorothy J. Klimis-Tavantzis. Boca Raton, CRC Press, c1994. 212 p.
   Includes bibliographical references
   QP535.M6M35 1994


Micronutrients in health and in disease prevention. Edited by Adrianne Bendich and C. E. Butterworth, Jr. New York, Marcel Dekker, c1991. 483 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QP534.M52 1991

Trace elements in human nutrition and health. Geneva, World Health Organization, 1996. 343 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QP534.T725 1996


Bender, David A. Nutritional biochemistry of the vitamins. Cambridge, New York, Cambridge University Press, 1992. 431 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QP771.B44 1992

Modern analytical methodologies in fat and water soluble vitamins. Edited by Won O. Song, Gary R. Beecher, Ronald R. Eitenmiller. New York, John Wiley, c2000. 471 p.
   QP771.M6 2000

Modern chromatographic analysis of vitamins. 3rd ed., rev. and expanded. Edited by Andre P. De Leenheer, Willy E. Lambert, Jan F. Van Bocxlaer. New York, Dekker, c2000. 616 p. (Chromatographic science, 84)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QP771.M63 2000

Vitamin analysis for the health and food sciences. Edited by Ronald R. Eitenmiller and W. O. Landen, Jr. Boca Raton, CRC Press, c1998. 518 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QP771.E37 1998


Asimov, Isaac. How did we find out about vitamins? New York, Walker and Company, 1974. 64 p.

Kalbacken, Joan. Vitamins and minerals. New York, Children's Press, c1998. 47 p.
   Bibliography: p. 44.
   Introduces the major vitamins and minerals found in various foods, and discusses them in relation to nutrition and healthy eating.
   QP771.K365 1998

Nardo, Don. Vitamins and minerals. New York, Chelsea House Publishers, c1994. 111 p.
   Bibliography: p. 103-104.
   Introduction by C. Everett Koop.
   QP771.N36 1994

Nottridge, Rhoda. Vitamins. Minneapolis, Carolrhoda Books, 1993. 32 p.
   Bibliography: p. 31.
   Focuses on vitamins, explaining why we need them in our diet, where we can get them, and the different kinds.
   QP771.N64 1993

Seixas, Judith S. Vitamins: what they are, and what they do. New York, Greenwillow Books, c1986. 55 p.
   Discusses vitamins, how they were discovered, how they work, how they can be made, and how they fit into our diets.
   QP771.S45 1986

Silverstein, Alvin, Virginia Silverstein, and Robert Silverstein. Vitamins and minerals. Brookfield, CT, Millbrook Press, 1992. 48 p.
   Bibliography: p. 46.
   Examines the major vitamins and minerals, their functions, sources, proper daily dosages, and deficiency symptoms.
   QP771.S56 1992


Eat well, stay well: 500 delicious recipes made with healing foods. Edited by Judith Cressey. Pleasantville, NY, Reader's Digest Assoc., c1998. 352 p.
   RA784.E162 1998

Kaye, Edita M. Bone builders: the complete lowfat cookbook plus calcium health guide. Rev. ed. New York, Time-Warner Books, 1996. 500 p.
   RM237.56.K39 1996

Lark, Susan M. The women's health companion: self help nutrition guide & cookbook. Berkeley, CA, Celestial Arts, c1995. 375 p.
   Bibliography: p. 353-369.
   RA778.L314 1995

Prevention's the healthy cook. Edited by Natthew Hoffman and David Joachim. Emmaus, PA, Rodale Press, c1997. 598 p.
   RM237.7.P744 1997

SerVaas, Cory. The Saturday Evening Post antioxidant cookbook. Indianapolis, Saturday Evening Post Society, c1995. 195 p.
   Bibliography: p. 195.
   RM237.9.S47 1995

The Simply healthy lowfat cookbook: over 250 lowfat recipes rich in the antioxidant vitamins that keep you healthy. By the editors of the Wellness Cooking School and the University of California at Berkeley Wellness Letter. New York, Rebus; distributed by Random House, c1995. 255 p.
   RM237.7.S575 1995

Turner, Lisa. Meals that heal: a nutraceutical approach to diet and health. Rochester, VT, Healing Arts Press, c1996. 235 p.
   Bibliography: p. 201-221.
   RA784.T895 1996

Webb, Densie, and Susan Male Smith. Foods for better health: prevention & healing of diseases. Lincolnwood, IL, Publications International, 1994. 432 p.
   RA784.W47 1994



Bricklin, Mark. Prevention magazine's nutrition advisor. Emmaus, PA, Rodale Press, 1993. 596 p.
   RA784.B695 1993 <SciRR>

Brody, Tom. Nutritional biochemistry. 2nd ed. San Diego, Academic Press, c1999. 1006 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QP141.B853 1999

Food chemistry. 3rd ed. Edited by Owen R. Fennema. New York, Marcel Dekker, c1996. 1069 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TX541.F65 1996 <SciRR>

Funk, Casimir. The vitamines. Authorized translation from second German edition, by Harry E. Dubin. Baltimore, Williams & Wilkin Co., 1922. 502 p.

Heinerman, John. Heinerman's new encyclopedia of fruits & vegetables. West Nyack, NY, Parker Publishing, c1995. 504 p.
   RM236.H45 1995

Newstrom, Harvey. Nutrients catalog: vitamins, minerals, amino acids, macronutrients- beneficial use, helpers, inhibitors, food sources, intake recommendations and symptoms of over or under use. Jefferson, NC, McFarland & Company, c1993. 538 p.
   Bibliography: p. 449-460.
   QP141.N48 1993 <SciRR>

Nutritional concerns of women. Edited by Ira Wolinsky and Dorothy Klimis-Tavantzis. Boca-Raton, CRC Press, 1996. 335 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   RC622.N8932 1996

Prevention's food and nutrition. Edited by John Feltman. Emmaus, PA, Rodale Press, c1993. 552 p.
   RA784.P737 1993

Preventive nutrition: the comprehensive guide for health professionals. Edited by Adrianne Bendich and Richard J. Deckelbaum. Totowa, NJ, Humana Press, c1997. 579 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   RM216.P778 1997 <SciRR>

Ronzio, Robert A. The encyclopedia of nutrition & good health. New York, Facts on File, c1997. 486 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   RA784.R646 1997

Somer, Elizabeth. Nutrition for women: the complete guide. New York, Henry Holt, 1993. 475 p.
   Bibliography: p. 403-460.
   RA778.S647 1993

Whitney, Eleanor Noss, and others. Understanding normal and clinical nutrition. 5th ed. Belmont, CA, Wadsworth Publishing Co., c1998.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QP141.W458 1998

Williams, Melvin H. Nutrition for health, fitness, & sport. 5th ed.. Boston, McGraw-Hill, c1999. 500 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QP141.W514 1999



Composition of foods: raw, processed. Consumer and Food economics Institute. Rev. Washington, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, (agricultural handbook, no. 8), 1976-
   TX551.C74 1976 <SciRR>
   Available also at:

Griffith, H. Winter. Vitamins, herbs, minerals & supplements: the complete guide. Tucson, Fisher Books, c1998. 504 p.
   QP771.G75 1998 <SciRR>

Handbook of food analysis. Edited by Leo M. Nollet. New York, Marcel Dekker, c1996. 1987 p.
   TX541.H36 1996

Handbook of nutritionally essential mineral elements. Edited by Boyd L. O'Dell and Roger A. Sunde. New York, Marcel Decker, c1997. 692 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QP533.H36 1997 <SciRR>

Handbook of vitamins. 2nd ed., rev. Edited by Lawrence J. Machlin. New York, Marcel Dekker, c1991. 595 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QP771.H35 1991

Mason, Pamela. Handbook of dietary supplements: vitamins and other health supplements. Oxford, Eng., Cambridge, MA, Blackwell Science, 1995. 256 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QP141.M28 1995

Netzer, Corinne T. The complete book of vitamin and mineral counts. New York, Dell Publishing, 1997. 440 p.
   Chiefly tables. br>    QP771.N48 1997 <SciRR>

Pais, Istvan, and J. Benton Jones. The handbook of trace elements. Boca Raton, St. Lucie Press, c1997. 223 p.
   Bibliography: p. 199-213.
   QP534.P349 1997 <SciRR>

Pressman, Alan H, and Sheila Buff. The complete idiot's guide to vitamins and minerals. New York, Alpha Books, c1997. 348 p.
   QP771.P74 1997

Sultenfuss, Sherry Wilson, and Thomas J. Sultenfuss. A woman's guide to vitamins, minerals, and alternative healing. Rev. ed. Chicago, Contemporary Books, c1999. 324 p.
   Bibliography: p. 263-309.
   RA778.S926 <SciRR>

The USP guide to vitamins & minerals by authority of U.S. Pharmacopeia. New York, Avon Books, c1996. 334 p.
   RA784.U87 1996



Abstracting and indexing services that index relevant journal articles on vitamins and minerals are listed below. Useful keywords to use include "vitamins," "minerals," and most of the Library of Congress subject headings suggested earlier. Consult a Science Reference Librarian for locations of abstracting and indexing services in the Science Reading Room.

Applied Science & Technology Index (1913-)
   Z7913.I7 <SciRR A&I> and Computer Format

Bibliography of Agriculture (1942-)
   Z5073.U572 <SciRR A&I> and Computer format

Biological & Agricultural Index (1916-)
   Z5073.A46 <SciRR A&I> and Computer format

Biological Abstracts (1927-)
   QH301.B37 <SciRR A&I> and Computer format

Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature (1956-)
   Z6675.N7C8 <SciRR A&I> and CD-ROM

Food Science and Technology Abstracts (1969-)
   TP368.F678 <SciRR A&I>

Index Medicus (1960-)
   Z6660.I422 <SciRR A&I> and Computer format

Nutrition Abstracts and Reviews. Series A: Human and Experimental (1977-)
   QP141.A1N86 <SciRR A&I>


American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Food Chemistry
Food Technology TP370.F63
International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research QP771.I57
Journal of the American Dietetic Association
Journal of Biological Chemistry QP501.J7
Journal of Food Composition and Analysis: an Official Publication of the United Nations University, International Network of Food Data Systems TX501.J66
Journal of Nutrition RM214.J6
Nutrition QP141.A1N866
Nutrition and Food Science TX341.N779
Nutrition in Clinical Care: an Official Publication of Tufts University RM214.N83
Nutrition Research QP141.A1N88
Nutrition Reviews TX341.N85
Nutrition Today RA784.N85
Prevention RA421. P68 <SciRR>
Vitamins and Hormones QP801.V5V5 <SciRR>



Antioxidants and aging--roundtable discussion : how best to ensure daily intake of antioxidants (from the diet and supplements) that is optimal for life span, disease, and general health. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, v. 854, 1998: 463-476.
   Q11.N5, vol. 854

Bates, Christopher, and Ann Prentice. Breast milk as a source of vitamins, essential minerals and trace elements. Pharmacology & therapeutics, v. 60, 1994: 193-220.

Byersdorf, B., and J. R. White. Sorting through the hype about RDAs. Postgraduate medicine, v. 103, Mar. 1999: 36.

Cao, Guohua, and others. Increases in human plasma antioxidant capacity after consumption of controlled diets high in fruit and vegetables. The American journal of clinical nutrition, v. 68, Nov. 1998: 1081-1087.

Dawson-Hughes, Beth. Calcium, Vitamin D and the risk of osteoporosis in adults: essential information for the clinician. Nutrition in clinical care, v. 1, Mar./Apr. 1998: 63-70.
   Pamphlet box <SciRR>

DeLuca, Hector F., and Claudia Zierold. Mechanisms and functions of vitamin D. Nutrition reviews, v. 56, Feb. 1998: S4-S10.

Gaziano, Michael J. Antioxidant vitamins and cardiovascular disease. Proceedings of the Association of American Physicians, v. 111, Jan./Feb. 1999: 2-9.

Hains, Stewart T. Alternatives to estrogen replacement therapy for preventing osteoporosis. Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association, v. 36, Dec. 1996: 707-715.

Jacob, Robert A. Vitamin C nutriture and the risk of atherosclerotic heart disease. Nutrition reviews, v. 56, Nov. 1998: 334-337.

Kerstetter, Jane E., and others. Dietary protein affects intestinal calcium absorption. American journal of clinical nutrition, v. 68, Oct. 1998: 859-865.

Lee, I. M. Antioxidant vitamins in the prevention of cancer. Proceedings of the Association of American Physicians, v. 111, Jan./Feb. 1999: 10-15.

Levine, Mark. Criteria and recommendations for Vitamin C intake. JAMA, journal of the American Medical Association, v. 281, Apr. 21, 1999: 1415-1423.

Malinow, M. R. Homocysteine, diet and cardiovascular diseases: a statement for healthcare professionals from the Nutrition Committee, American Heart Association. Circulation, v. 99, Jan. 5, 1999: 178-182.

Manzi, Pamela, and others. Nutrients in edible mushrooms: an inter-species comparative study. Food chemistry, v. 65, June 1999: 477-482.

Mason, Joel B., and Jacob Selhub. Disease prevention: broadening the definition of folate nutrition. Nutrition in clinical care, v. 2, March/April 1999: 82-86.

McCarron, David, and others. Mineral intake and blood pressure in African Americans. American journal of clinical nutrition, v. 68, Sept. 1998: 517-518.

Mertz, Walter. A balanced approach to nutrition for health: the need for biologically essential minerals and vitamins. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, v. 94, Nov. 1994: 1259-1262. RM214.A6 and

Mobarhan, Sohrab. Calcium and the colon: recent findings. Nutrition reviews, v. 57, April 1999: 124-129.

Schorah, C. J. Micronutrients, vitamins, and cancer risk. Vitamins and hormones, v. 57, 1999.
   QP801.V5V5 <SciRR>

Skolnick, A. A. Separating the wheat from the chaff of nutrition information. JAMA, journal of the American Medical Association, v. 278, Oct. 1, 1997: 1052-1053.

Thomas, John A. Diet, micronutrients, and the prostate gland. Nutrition reviews, v. 57, Apr. 1999: 95-103.



Selected Materials available in the Science Reading Room pamphlet boxes include:

Andersen-Parrado, Patricia. Minerals -- mild-mannered nutrients that make things happen. Better nutrition, v. 59, July 1997: 38.

Blumberg, Jeffrey. Mighty vitamins. Medical world news, v. 34, Jan. 1993: 24-32.

Calcium: build strong bones & a strong body. Nutrition in clinical care: an official publication of Tufts University, v. 1, Apr. 1998: 98-100.

Challem, Jack. Some good things to say about free radicals. The Nutrition reporter newsletter, v. 6, Aug., 1995: 1-4.

Denny, Sharon. About vitamin-mineral supplements. Nutrition today, v. 33, Apr. 1998: 69-70.

Elliott, James G. Application of antioxidant vitamins in foods and beverages. Food technology, v. 53, Feb. 1999: 46-48.

Gorman, Christine. Vitamin overload? Your one-a-day is still o.k. but swallowing supplements by the megadose may be dangerous. Time, v. 150, Nov. 10, 1997: 84.

Kurtzweil, Paula. An FDA guide to dietary supplements. FDA consumer, v. 32, Sept./Oct. 1998: 28-35.

Kurtzweil, Paula. How folate can help prevent birth defects. FDA consumer, v. 30, Sept./Oct. 1996: 7-10.

Langer, Stephen. When it comes to vitamins, "Cs" make the grade. Better nutrition, v. 58, Dec. 1996: 40-43.

Leibman, Bonnie. Do you know your vitamin abc's? Nutrition action health letter, v. 26, Sept. 1999: 1-6.

Leibman, Bonnie. 3 vitamins and a mineral: what to take. Nutrition action health letter, v. 25, May 1998: 1, 3-7.

Mathe, Andrea. A girl's best friends. Vegetarian times, v. 258, Feb. 1999: 90-91.

Prevention's at-a-glance vitamin and mineral guide. Prevention, v. 51, Feb. 1999: 96-98.

Scheer, James F. B. Vitamins: a whole complex of benefits. Better nutrition, v. 61, Apr. 1999: 54-56.

Squires, Sally. Vitamania. The Washington Post Health, Jan. 12, 1999: 13-16.

Strengthen your bone knowledge. Nutrition spotlight, v. 2, Sept./Oct., 1999: 1-8.

Toufexis, Anastasia. The new scoop on vitamins. Time, Apr. 6, 1992: 54-59

Vitamin E: is natural better? University of California, Berkeley, wellness letter, v. 15, Sept. 1999: 1.

Yes, but which calcium supplement? Tufts University health & nutrition letter, v. 14, Feb. 1997: 4-5.




Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
5100 Paint Branch Parkway
College Park, MD 20740-3835
Telephone: (800) 332-4010
   The regulation of dietary supplements, including safety and labeling concerns, is the responsibility of the FDA's Center for Food Safety and Nutrition. Its website offers a great deal of consumer information, including FDA warnings and nutrition advice. Program areas especially relevant to vitamins and minerals include "dietary supplements" and "food labeling and nutrition."

U.S. Dept. of Agriculture Food and Nutrition Information Center (FNIC)
National Agricultural Library, Room 105
10301 Baltimore Avenue
Beltsville, MD 20705-2351
Telephone: (301) 504-5719
   FNIC is one of several information centers at the National Agricultural Library. In addition to its on-site resources, the library's FNIC website offers extensive nutrition information. Areas of interest include dietary supplements, dietary guidelines, and food composition. Newsletters, FDA journals, and links to many nutrition related journals are also available at this site.

National Library of Medicine
8600 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, MD 20894
Telephone: (888) 346-3656; (301) 594-5983
   The National Library of Medicine (NLM) collects materials in all areas of biomedicine and health care. The National Library of Medicine's online resources include the MEDLINE index of medical literature, and MEDLINEplus which provides consumer resources, including useful information on clearinghouses, organizations, directories, and libraries. The library's catalog, LocatorPlus, is also available at their website.

Office of Dietary Supplements
National Institutes of Health
6100 Executive Blvd., Room 3B01, MSC 7517
Bethesda, Maryland 20892-7517
Tel: (301) 435-2920
Fax: (301) 480-1845
   The Office of Dietary Supplements was established in 1995, as a part of the National Institutes of Health, to support research and to disseminate information on dietary supplements. In addition to sponsoring conferences and workshops, the ODS maintains IBIDS, a database of published international scientific literature on dietary supplements, including vitamins, minerals, and botanicals. IBIDS is available at the ODS website. The office does not, however, respond to individual requests for information.


American Dietetic Association (ADA)
216 W. Jackson Blvd., Suite 800
Chicago, IL 60606-6995
Telephone: (312) 899-0040
   The ADA publishes the Journal of the American Dietetic Association, as well as an array of nutrition-related publications aimed at both the consumer and the professional. Abstracts from the journal can be found online. The website provides fact sheets, links to other sites of interest, information on nutrition issues in the news and a catalog of publications.

American Society for Nutritional Sciences (ASNS)
9650 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, MD 20814-3998
Telephone: (301) 530-7050
   The American Society for Nutritional Sciences (ASNS) publishes The Journal of Nutrition, available by subscription at, with open access to the index, dating from Jan. 1997. The website also offers profiles of micronutrients, from arsenic to zinc. The nutrient statements include recommended intakes, and recent research in the field. The American Society for Clinical Nutrition, a division of ASNS, publishes The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition at



The Internet offers a growing number of sites useful for the study of vitamins and minerals. Most of the organizations listed above provide information on vitamins and nutrition, as well as links to related sites from their web sites. It is also possible to find web sites using a search engine such as Alta Vista, Google, or Northern Light, to locate additional sites. Gateway sites, such as the Tufts University Nutrition Navigator, listed below, are often an efficient way to locate relevant web sites. The following sites may be of interest.

Arbor Nutrition Guide
   This site offers a well organized gateway to nutrition information. Six major areas, including food science, clinical nutrition, and applied nutrition, are further subdivided by topics such as phytochemistry, food safety, history of nutrition, and home pages of organizations.

Dole 5-a-day
   A colorful, award-winning site designed for kids and educators, but others will find it useful as well. The Fruit and Vegetable Encyclopedia is a good place to find illustrations and basic text on topics such as apple varieties and citrus growing regions of the U.S.

Mayo Health Oasis
   Sponsored by the Mayo Clinic, and aimed at consumers, this site received a top rating from the Tuft's Nutrition Navigator. A great deal of information on nutrition, vitamins, and minerals is made available in a user-friendly format.

Meals For You
   This interactive recipe site allows the user to search for nutritional recipes by nutrient heading. For example, a search for Vitamin A brings up several pages of results, arranged by vitamin content. Results can also be sorted alphabetically and by preparation time.

Tufts University Nutrition Navigator
   The mission of the Tufts Nutrition Navigator is "to help Internet users quickly find reliable nutrition information," and this is an excellent site at which to begin online research. This site provides collections of nutrition links with very helpful evaluative reviews rating sites for accuracy, currency, balance, and ease of navigation.

Compiled by Alison Kelly
January 2000
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