news camera icon in a orange colored box

Research Matters

Search Research Matters

November 24, 2008

Photo of a female doctor checking the blood pressure of an older man.Blood Protein Helps Assess Cardiovascular Risks
Three new studies provide the strongest evidence to date that a simple blood test for a molecule called C-reactive protein (CRP) could help clinicians better identify and treat people who are at risk for cardiovascular disease.

Photo of a ginkgo leaf.Ginkgo Study Fails To Find Benefit in Preventing Dementia
The dietary supplement Ginkgo biloba was found to be ineffective in reducing the development of dementia and Alzheimer's disease in older people, according to a new study.

Microscopic image of a fibrous mass.Imaging Compound May Help Predict Alzheimer’s Disease
A new brain imaging study has found that elderly people can develop a key hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease in the brain without any evidence of cognitive impairment. The researchers hope that their detection method will one day help predict who will develop Alzheimer’s disease in 5 to 10 years.


November 10, 2008

Photo of newborn baby sleeping peacefully.Earlier Jaundice Treatment Decreases Brain Injury in Preemies
A new study has found that early treatment to prevent severe jaundice in extremely early preterm infants can reduce the rate of brain injury, a serious complication of jaundice.

Photo of joyful young woman in meadow.Longer Treatment Improves Outcomes for Opioid-Addicted Youth
Young adults addicted to opioids were more successful at remaining drug-free when they received longer treatment with a medication than those who received the same treatment for only 2 weeks.

Photo of hand breaking egg into bowl.Children with Egg Allergies May Tolerate Heated Egg
A new study has found that the majority of children with egg allergy may be able to eat some baked foods containing egg. The early results also raise the possibility that the gradual introduction of extensively heated egg may help alleviate some children’s allergy to regular egg.


November 3, 2008

photo of a young hand holding an elderly hand.Warm Hands, Warm Feelings
We often use terms like "warm" and "cold" to describe people. New research shows this may not just be a linguistic oddity; sensations and psychological concepts are actually linked in our minds.

image of a man pinching his belly.Where Fat Comes From
Researchers have found that most fat cells arise from cells in the walls of blood vessels in fat tissue. This insight may lead to new approaches to prevent and treat obesity.

image of a mouse running on a wheel.Insight into Post-Exercise Fatigue in Muscular Dystrophy
In a finding that may lead to a better understanding of the post-activity exhaustion that strikes many people with muscular dystrophy, scientists have identified a disrupted molecular pathway that leads to fatigue in mice with muscular dystrophy after even mild physical exertion. This fatigue can be relieved by giving the animals a drug that bypasses the disruption.


October 27, 2008

an illustration of a human lung.Large-Scale Genetic Study Sheds Light on Lung Cancer
In the largest effort of its kind, scientists have charted the genetic changes involved in the most common form of lung cancer, implicating more than a dozen new genes.

an illustration of a neuron. Artificial Connections Restore Movement to Paralyzed Limbs
For the first time, researchers have shown that a direct artificial connection from the brain to muscles can restore movement in monkeys whose arms have been temporarily anesthetized.

an illustration of HIV viruses.Novel Type of Antibody Inhibits HIV Infection
Scientists have identified a small antibody fragment that is highly effective at neutralizing the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The finding may lead to new treatments against HIV and other viruses.


October 20, 2008

close-up photo of mosquito on human skin.Scientists Analyze Genome of Relapsing Malaria Parasite
Scientists have deciphered the complete genetic sequence of the parasite Plasmodium vivax, the leading cause of relapsing malaria. The distinctive genetic features of P. vivax may lead to new tools for preventing and treating relapsing malaria.

a photo of a young girl with glasses.Office-Based Treatment Best for Childhood Vision Disorder
Children with convergence insufficiency, a common eye-muscle disorder, responded better to treatments that included weekly office visits to a trained therapist than to strictly home-based regimens, which are more often prescribed.

an artist's rendering of cells streaming through a blood vessel Insights into Immune Cell Matchmaker Protein
Scientists have identified a protein that plays matchmaker between 2 key types of immune cells, T and B cells, enabling them to establish long-lasting immunity after an infection.


October 6, 2008

an x-ray image of a human foot New Genes Linked to Gout
Researchers have identified 2 new genes—and confirmed the role of a third—that are associated with increased risk of higher levels of uric acid in the blood, which can lead to gout, a common, painful form of arthritis.

Scanning electron micrograph of cancer cell.Rethinking Metastasis
Most cancer deaths result from metastasis, the spread of cancer from a tumor to other parts of the body. Researchers have long thought that metastasis comes at a late stage of cancer. A new study suggests the process may start long before that.

Photo of cultured stem cells in a well plate.Making "Safer" Stem Cells
Scientists have developed a new technique to convert adult liver and other cells into versatile stem cells. By using a common cold virus, it sidesteps the cancer-causing potential of a previously developed method using a different kind of virus.


NIH Research Matters is a review of NIH research from the Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health.

Contact Us:
NIH Research Matters
Harrison Wein, Ph.D., Editor
Vicki Contie, Assistant Editor
National Institutes of Health
Office of the Director,
Office of Communications and Public Liaison
Bldg. 31, Rm. 5B64A, MSC 2094
Bethesda, MD 20892-2094
(301) 435-7489

This page was last updated November 24, 2008 .
skip main navigation National Institutes of Health - Transforming Health Through Discovery U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Health Information Page NIH Grants News and Events Research Institutes and Centers About NIH