A Federal agency cannot discriminate against an employee or applicant with respect to the terms, conditions or privileges of employment on the basis of race, sex, color, religion, national origin, age, disability, marital status or political affiliation. Discrimination on these bases is prohibited by one or more of the following statutes: 5 USC � 2302(b)(1), 29 USC � 206(d), 29 USC � 631, 29 USC � 633a, 29 USC � 791, and 42 USC � 2000e-16.
If you believe that you have been the victim of unlawful discrimination on the basis of race, sex, color, religion, national origin or disability, you must contact an Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) counselor within 45 days of the alleged discriminatory action, or, in the case of a personnel action, within 45 calendar days of the effective date of the action, before you can file a formal complaint of discrimination with your agency. See, e.g., 29 CFR Part 1614 and the ODNI Equal Employment Opportunity and Diversity (EEOD) internal agency website.
If you believe that you have been the victim of unlawful discrimination on the basis of age, you must contact an EEO counselor as noted above or give notice of intent to sue to the equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) within 180 calendar days of the alleged discriminatory action.
If you are alleging discrimination based on marital status or political affiliation, the statute indicates you may file a written complaint with the U.S. Office of Special Counsel (OSC). In the alternative (or in some cases, in addition), you may pursue a discrimination complaint by filing a grievance through your agency's administrative or negotiated grievance procedures, if such procedures apply and are available.